Query : 2013A&A...558L...7J

2013A&A...558L...7J - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 558, L7-7 (2013/10-1)

OTS 44: disk and accretion at the planetary border.


Abstract (from CDS):

We discover that the very low-mass brown dwarf OTS44 (M9.5, ∼12MJup) has significant accretion and a substantial disk, which demonstrates that the processes that accompany canonical star formation occur down to a central mass of a few Jupiter masses. We discover in VLT/SINFONI spectra that OTS44 has strong, broad, and variable Paβ emission that is evidence for active accretion at the planetary border. We also detect strong Hα emission of OTS44 in a literature spectrum and determine an Hα EW of -141Å, which indicates active accretion. Both the Paβ and Hα emission lines have broad profiles with wings extending to velocities of about ±200km/s. We determine the mass accretion rate of OTS44 based on Hα to 7.6x10–12M/yr. This result shows that OTS44 has a relatively high mass-accretion rate considering its small central mass. This mass rate is nevertheless consistent with the general decreasing trend found for stars of several solar masses down to brown dwarfs. Furthermore, we determine the properties of the disk surrounding OTS44 through radiative transfer modeling of flux measurement from the optical to the far-IR (Herschel) by applying a Bayesian analysis. We find that OTS44 has a highly flared disk (β>1.2) with a mass of 9.1+1.7–5.5x10–5M, i.e. ∼0.1MJup or 30M. We show that the ratio of the disk-to-central-mass of about 10–2 found for objects between 0.03M and 14M is also valid for OTS44 at a mass of ∼0.01M. Our observations are in line with an isolated star-like mode of the formation of brown dwarfs down to 0.01M.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): brown dwarfs - stars: pre-main sequence - circumstellar matter - accretion, accretion disks - stars: formation - stars: individual: OTS 44

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 NAME Cha 1 MoC 11 06 48 -77 18.0           ~ 1031 1
2 [L2007b] Cha J11091363-7734446 LM* 11 09 13.58688 -77 34 44.8716           M9.5 18 0
3 OTS 44 Y*O 11 10 09.34392 -76 32 17.8512           M9.5+ 53 0

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