2013A&A...560A.100O


Query : 2013A&A...560A.100O

2013A&A...560A.100O - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 560A, 100-100 (2013/12-1)

The Herschel/PACS view of disks around low-mass stars in Chamaleon-I.

OLOFSSON J., SZUCS L., HENNING T., LINZ H., PASCUCCI I. and JOERGENS V.

Abstract (from CDS):

Circumstellar disks are expected to be planet birthplaces. The potential for forming one or more planets of various masses is essentially driven by the initial mass of the disks, a crucial parameter for any planet formation theory. Constraining the masses of disks is of great interest for low-mass stars, which are expected to harbor less massive disks. We present and analyze Herschel/PACS observations of disk-bearing M-type stars that belong to the young ∼2Myr old Chamaleon-I star-forming region, to better constrain the properties of the circumstellar material and the stellar mass dependence of these parameters. We used the radiative transfer code RADMC to successfully model the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of 17 M-type stars detected at PACS wavelengths. Our modeling strategy is carefully designed so that we search for the most probable disks parameters among a large grid of models, via Bayesian inference, which is an approach that has already proven successful. Based on the modeling results, we first discuss the relatively low detection rates of M5 and later spectral type stars with respect to the PACS sensitivity, and argue that their disks masses, or flaring indices, are likely to be low (Mdisk∼10–5M, γ∼1.1). For M0 to M3 stars, we find a relatively broad range of disk masses (10–4-10–3M), scale heights, and flaring indices. Via a parametrization of dust stratification, we can reproduce the peak fluxes of the 10µm emission feature observed with Spitzer/IRS, and find that disks around M-type stars may display signs of dust sedimentation. We discuss a tentative correlation between the strength of the 10µm emission feature and the parametrized stratification. The Herschel/PACS observations of low-mass stars in Cha-I provide new constraints on their disk properties, overall suggesting that disk parameters for early M-type stars are comparable to those for more massive stars (e.g., comparable scale height and flaring angles). However, regions of the disks emitting at about 100µm may still be in the optically thick regime, preventing direct determination of disk masses. Thus the modeled disk masses should be considered as lower limits. Nevertheless, we are able to extend the wavelength coverage of SED models and start characterizing effects, such as dust sedimentation, an effort leading the way towards ALMA observations of these low-mass stars.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: low-mass - circumstellar matter - infrared: stars

Simbad objects: 18

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Number of rows : 18
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 2MASS J10533978-7712338 TT* 10 53 39.7627565760 -77 12 33.939774612     19.38   15.56 M2.75 21 0
2 BYB 18 Y*O 11 04 42.5993270304 -77 41 57.167040408         13.63 M4.5e 58 0
3 2MASS J11062554-7633418 Y*O 11 06 25.5205540968 -76 33 41.844743964     20.7   15.88 M5.25-6 38 0
4 NAME Cha 1 MoC 11 06 48 -77 18.0           ~ 1148 1
5 V* UY Cha Or* 11 06 59.0257686696 -77 18 53.404488720         12.97 M4Ve 68 0
6 V* UZ Cha Or* 11 07 12.0595557432 -76 32 23.248659588         12.62 K8Ve 62 0
7 Ass Cha T 1-15 Or* 11 07 43.6610412264 -77 39 41.134236408   17.05 15.34   12.67 K5Ve 78 0
8 V* VY Cha Or* 11 08 54.6059374368 -77 02 13.006464720   14.8     13.60 K8Ve 75 0
9 V* HU Cha Or* 11 09 18.12888 -76 30 29.2500         14.99 M1/2e 56 0
10 BYB 43 Y*O 11 09 47.3883040248 -77 26 29.187831192         16.62 M3.25e 53 0
11 V* HX Cha Or* 11 09 54.062760 -76 29 25.54332       16.08 14.03 M3.5+M7 71 0
12 V* WX Cha Or* 11 09 58.666944 -77 37 09.03432   14.93 13.85 14.23 12.20 M1+M5 103 0
13 V* WY Cha Or* 11 10 07.0339153464 -76 29 37.674167388   15.29 13.87   11.62 K8Ve 88 1
14 Ass Cha T 1-27 Or* 11 10 49.5667074984 -77 17 51.754670016   16.80 16.64   13.84 M4Ve 83 0
15 V* WZ Cha Or* 11 10 53.3212598040 -76 34 32.057703048   16.41 15.48   13.07 M4Ve 72 0
16 HJM C 2-5 Y*O 11 10 55.9782007344 -76 45 32.646407688         13.95 M6e 51 0
17 ESO-HA 569 Y*O 11 11 10.6899611256 -76 41 57.345117072     20.28   17.34 M2.5 32 0
18 Sz 40 Or* 11 12 09.8312703024 -76 34 36.490702728   15.2     13.41 M4.5Ve 66 0

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