2014A&A...561A..99I


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.03.03CET01:35:41

2014A&A...561A..99I - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 561A, 99-99 (2014/1-1)

Discovery of periodic dips in the light curve of GX 13+1: the X-ray orbital ephemeris of the source.

IARIA R., DI SALVO T., BURDERI L., RIGGIO A., D'AI A. and ROBBA N.R.

Abstract (from CDS):

The bright low-mass X-ray binary (LMXB) GX 13+1 is one of the most peculiar Galactic binary systems. A periodicity of 24.27 d was observed in its power spectrum density obtained from data collected over 14 years by the All Sky Monitor (ASM) on board the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE). To determine the first X-ray orbital ephemeris of GX 13+1, we systematically searched for periodic dips in the RXTE/ASM and Monitor of All-sky X-ray Image (MAXI) light curves of the source, the light curves span from 1996 up to 2013. We searched for a periodic signal in the RXTE/ASM and MAXI light curves and find a common periodicity of 24.53 d. We folded the 1.3-5 keV and 5-12.1 keV RXTE/ASM light curves and the 2-4 and 4-10 keV MAXI light curves with the period of 24.53 d and detected a periodic dip. To refine the value of the period we divided the RXTE/ASM and MAXI light curves into eight and two intervals, respectively. Using the timing technique, we obtained four and two dip arrival times from the RXTE/ASM and MAXI light curves, respectively. We improved the X-ray position of GX 13+1 using a recent Chandra observation. The new X-ray position is discrepant by ∼7'' from the previous one, while it is compatible with the infrared and radio counterpart positions. We detected an X-ray dip totally covered by the Chandra observation and showed, a posteriori, that it is a periodic dip. We obtained seven dip arrival times from RXTE/ASM, MAXI, and Chandra light curves. We calculated the delays of the detected dip arrival times with respect to the expected times for a 24.52 d periodicity. Fitting the delays with a linear function, we find that the orbital period and the epoch of reference of GX 13+1 are 24.5274(2) days and 50086.79(3) MJD, respectively. We do not improve the fit by adopting a quadratic ephemeris. The inferred orbital period derivative of 8(37)x10–8 s/s, with an error of 68% confidence level, does not allow us to constrain the orbital evolution of the binary system. We demonstrated the existence of periodic dips in both RXTE/ASM and MAXI light curves, and estimated that the orbital period of GX 13+1 is 24.5274(2) d. The LMXB GX 13+1 has the longest known orbital period for a Galactic neutron star LMXB powered by Roche lobe overflow.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: neutron - stars: individual: GX 13+1 - X-rays: binaries - X-rays: stars - ephemerides

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 V* V5512 Sgr LXB 18 14 31.55 -17 09 26.7     12.73     K5III 359 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.03.03CET01:35:41

Available data : Basic data  •  Identifiers  •  Plot & images  •  Bibliography  •  Measurements  •  External archives  •  Notes  •  Annotations


Basic data :
V* V5512 Sgr -- Low Mass X-ray Binary
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
X (3A,1E,...), V* (2012A&A,NSV,...), LXB (2013ApJS), gam (INTEGRAL1), N*? (2007ApJS), N* (2014MNRAS)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
18 14 31.55 -17 09 26.7 [ ] D 2003A&A...403..247F
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
18 11 37.16 -17 10 23.8 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
013.51654 +00.10635 [ ]
Spectral type is made of 3 parts: %coding is composed of 4 parts :
  • the spectral type, which is made of a temperature class, eventually a luminosity class (roman number) and/or spectral peculiarities;
  • a quality letter: A=best quality→E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality %
  • a quality letter: A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality
  • bibcode : bibcode of the spectral type reference
Spectral type:
K5III C 1999MNRAS.306..417B
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (2) :
V 12.73 [0.09] C 2012A&A...548A..79A
K 11.87 [~] D 2006IBVS.5721....1K
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Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).


The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (28) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

NSV 24341 1H 1811-171 1RXS J181431.6-170917 V* V5512 Sgr
3A 1811-171 H 1814-17 2S 1811-171 1XRS 18116-171
1E 1811.5-1710 H 1811-171 SWIFT J1814.6-1709 X Sgr X-2
1ES 1811-17.1 INTEGRAL1 85 SWIFT J1814.5-1708 X Sgr XR-2
GPS 1812-173 1M 1811-171 2U 1811-17 [BM83] X1811-171
GX 13+01 NAME NCL 101 3U 1811-17 [FS2003] 0961
GX 13.5 PBC J1814.5-1709 4U 1811-17 [KRL2007b] 308

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References (359 between 1850 and 2021) (Total 359)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Collections of Measurements


distance : 1    V* : 1   

   

Observing logs


XMM : 8   

   


External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : V* V5512 Sgr

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

NSV 24341 1RXS J181431.6-170917 V* V5512 Sgr

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2021.03.03-01:35:41

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