C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.08.14CEST14:23:42

2014A&A...562A..19V - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 562A, 19-19 (2014/2-1)

Second generation planet formation in NN Serpentis?


Abstract (from CDS):

In this paper, we study the general impact of stellar mass-ejection events in planetary orbits in post-common envelope binaries with circumbinary planets like those around NNSerpentis. We discuss a set of simple equations that determine upper and lower limits for orbital expansion and investigate the effect of initial eccentricity. We deduce the range of possible semi-major axes and initial eccentricity values of the planets prior to the common-envelope event. In addition to spherically-symmetric mass-ejection events, we consider planetary dynamics under the influence of an expanding disk. In order to have survived, we suggest that the present planets in NNSer must have had semi-major axes >10AU and high eccentricity values which is in conflict with current observations. Consequently, we argue that these planets were not formed together with their hosting stellar system, but rather originated from the fraction of matter of the envelope that remained bound to the binary. According to the cooling age of the white dwarf primary of 106yr, the planets around NNSer might be the youngest known so far and open up a wide range of further study of second generation planet formation.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability - planets and satellites: formation - planet-star interactions - binaries: close - stars: AGB and post-AGB - planetary systems

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
1 BD-07 3477 HS* 12 44 20.2386520980 -08 40 16.848587212   10.46 10.594 10.895   sdB2VIIHe3 250 1
2 V* NN Ser No* 15 52 56.1202658103 +12 54 44.432043501     16.51     DAO1+M4 232 0
3 Kepler-47 Al* 19 41 11.4984891255 +46 55 13.705101341           ~ 122 1
4 V* HU Aqr AM* 21 07 58.1945403160 -05 17 40.557984218   15.1   15.4   D+M4V 256 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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