Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 563A, 19-19 (2014/3-1)
Classifying orbits in galaxy models with a prolate or an oblate dark matter halo component.
Abstract (from CDS):
The distinction between regular and chaotic motion in galaxies is undoubtedly an issue of paramount importance. We explore the nature of orbits of stars moving in the meridional plane (R,z) of an axially symmetric galactic model with a disk, a spherical nucleus, and a flat biaxial dark matter halo component. In particular, we study the influence of all the involved parameters of the dynamical system by computing both the percentage of chaotic orbits and the percentages of orbits of the main regular resonant families in each case. To distinguish between ordered and chaotic motion, we use the smaller alignment index (SALI) method to extensive samples of orbits by numerically integrating the equations of motion as well as the variational equations. Moreover, a method based on the concept of spectral dynamics that utilizes the Fourier transform of the time series of each coordinate is used to identify the various families of regular orbits and also to recognize the secondary resonances that bifurcate from them. Two cases are studied for every parameter: (i) the case where the halo component is prolate and (ii) the case where an oblate dark halo is present. Our numerical investigation indicates that all the dynamical quantities affect, more or less, the overall orbital structure. It was observed that the mass of the nucleus, the halo flattening parameter, the scale length of the halo, the angular momentum, and the orbital energy are the most influential quantities, while the effect of all the other parameters is much weaker. It was also found that all the parameters corresponding to the disk only have a minor influence on the nature of orbits. Furthermore, some other quantities, such as the minimum distance to the origin, the horizontal, and the vertical force, were tested as potential chaos detectors. Our analysis revealed that only general information can be obtained from these quantities. We also compared our results with early related work.
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