2014A&A...563A..33W


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.12.01CET12:51:16

2014A&A...563A..33W - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 563A, 33-33 (2014/3-1)

Complex organic molecules in protoplanetary disks.

WALSH C., MILLAR T.J., NOMURA H., HERBST E., WIDICUS WEAVER S., AIKAWA Y., LAAS J.C. and VASYUNIN A.I.

Abstract (from CDS):

Protoplanetary disks are vital objects in star and planet formation, possessing all the material, gas and dust, which may form a planetary system orbiting the new star. Small, simple molecules have traditionally been detected in protoplanetary disks; however, in the ALMA era, we expect the molecular inventory of protoplanetary disks to significantly increase. We investigate the synthesis of complex organic molecules (COMs) in protoplanetary disks to put constraints on the achievable chemical complexity and to predict species and transitions which may be observable with ALMA. We have coupled a 2D steady-state physical model of a protoplanetary disk around a typical T Tauri star with a large gas-grain chemical network including COMs. We compare the resulting column densities with those derived from observations and perform ray-tracing calculations to predict line spectra. We compare the synthesised line intensities with current observations and determine those COMs which may be observable in nearby objects. We also compare the predicted grain-surface abundances with those derived from cometary comae observations. We find COMs are efficiently formed in the disk midplane via grain-surface chemical reactions, reaching peak grain-surface fractional abundances ∼10–6-10–4 that of the H nuclei number density. COMs formed on grain surfaces are returned to the gas phase via non-thermal desorption; however, gas-phase species reach lower fractional abundances than their grain-surface equivalents, ∼10–12-10–7. Including the irradiation of grain mantle material helps build further complexity in the ice through the replenishment of grain-surface radicals which take part in further grain-surface reactions. There is reasonable agreement with several line transitions of H2CO observed towards T Tauri star-disk systems. There is poor agreement with HC3N lines observed towards LkCa 15 and GO Tau and we discuss possible explanations for these discrepancies. The synthesised line intensities for CH3OH are consistent with upper limits determined towards all sources. Our models suggest CH3OH should be readily observable in nearby protoplanetary disks with ALMA; however, detection of more complex species may prove challenging, even with ALMA ``Full Science'' capabilities. Our grain-surface abundances are consistent with those derived from cometary comae observations providing additional evidence for the hypothesis that comets (and other planetesimals) formed via the coagulation of icy grains in the Sun's natal disk.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): protoplanetary disks - astrochemistry - ISM: molecules - stars: formation

Simbad objects: 21

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Number of rows : 21

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 V* GG Tau Or* 04 32 30.3318954228 +17 31 40.834888327 14.84 14.78 13.40 11.54   M0e+M2.0e 657 1
2 V* DM Tau Or* 04 33 48.7335659850 +18 10 09.974471722 14.30 14.82 14.00     M2Ve 524 0
3 V* AA Tau Or* 04 34 55.4222683130 +24 28 53.038273587 13.14 13.34 12.20     K5Ve 640 0
4 V* GM Tau Or* 04 38 21.3390129259 +26 09 13.784439336     17.577   15.04 M6.5 94 0
5 EM* LkCa 15 Or* 04 39 17.7912813350 +22 21 03.387667491   13.01 12.03 11.61   K5:Ve 567 1
6 NAME Taurus Complex SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 3575 0
7 V* GO Tau Or* 04 43 03.0761884276 +25 20 18.708294279   16.2 14.40     M2.3 158 0
8 V* GM Aur Or* 04 55 10.9813656049 +30 21 59.375978047 14.59 14.22 13.10     K3Ve 560 0
9 [SMD2014] 083.8513-05.1419 Y*O 05 35 24.2999 -05 08 30.686           ~ 49 0
10 NAME ORI MOL CLOUD MoC 05 56 -01.8           ~ 868 1
11 V* TW Hya TT* 11 01 51.9054298616 -34 42 17.031550898   11.94 10.50 10.626 9.18 K6Ve 1571 1
12 HD 100546 Be* 11 33 25.4404858122 -70 11 41.239343121   6.71 6.30   6.64 A0VaekB8_lB 659 1
13 THA 15-12 Or* 15 56 09.2067120748 -37 56 06.126159332   13.12 11.93 11.45   M0e 264 0
14 HD 142527 Ae* 15 56 41.8888096574 -42 19 23.245384377   9.04 8.34     F6III 486 1
15 V* V866 Sco Or* 16 11 31.345632 -18 38 25.96200   13.98 12.63 12.81   K0e+K5e 249 0
16 IRAS 16293-2422 cor 16 32 22.56 -24 28 31.8           ~ 1062 1
17 EM* AS 209 Or* 16 49 15.3035547820 -14 22 08.642015783   12.62 11.28     K4Ve 246 0
18 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11837 0
19 NAME Sgr B2 (North) Rad 17 47 20.2 -28 22 21           ~ 538 1
20 HD 163296 Ae* 17 56 21.2882188601 -21 57 21.872343282 7.00 6.93 6.85 6.86 6.67 A1Vep 825 0
21 HD 319139 BY* 18 14 10.4818974563 -32 47 34.516106830   11.47 10.68   9.11 K5+K7 299 0

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2020.12.01-12:51:16

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