2014A&A...565A...4H


Query : 2014A&A...565A...4H

2014A&A...565A...4H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 565A, 4-4 (2014/5-1)

A resolved analysis of cold dust and gas in the nearby edge-on spiral NGC 891.

HUGHES T.M., BAES M., FRITZ J., SMITH M.W.L., PARKIN T.J., GENTILE G., BENDO G.J., WILSON C.D., ALLAERT F., BIANCHI S., DE LOOZE I., VERSTAPPEN J., VIAENE S., BOQUIEN M., BOSELLI A., CLEMENTS D.L., DAVIES J.I., GALAMETZ M., MADDEN S.C., REMY-RUYER A. and SPINOGLIO L.

Abstract (from CDS):

We investigate the connection between dust and gas in the nearby edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 891, a target of the Very Nearby Galaxies Survey. High resolution Herschel PACS and SPIRE 70, 100, 160, 250, 350, and 500µm images are combined with JCMT SCUBA 850µm observations to trace the far-infrared/submillimetre spectral energy distribution (SED). Maps of the Hi 21 cm line and CO(J=3-2) emission trace the atomic and molecular hydrogen gas, respectively. We fit one-component modified blackbody models to the integrated SED, finding a global dust mass of (8.5±2.0)x107M and an average temperature of 23±2K, consistent with results from previous far-infrared experiments. We also fit one-component modified blackbody models to pixel-by-pixel SEDs to produce maps of the dust mass and temperature. The dust mass distribution correlates with the total stellar population as traced by the 3.6µm emission. The derived dust temperature, which ranges from approximately 17 to 24K, is found to correlate with the 24µm emission. Allowing the dust emissivity index to vary, we find an average value of β=1.9±0.3. We confirm an inverse relation between the dust emissivity spectral index and dust temperature, but do not observe any variation of this relationship with vertical height from the mid-plane of the disc. A comparison of the dust properties with the gaseous components of the ISM reveals strong spatial correlations between the surface mass densities of dust (Σdust) and the molecular hydrogen (ΣH2) and total gas surface densities (Σgas). These observations reveal the presence of regions of dense, cold dust that are coincident with peaks in the gas distribution and are associated with a molecular ring. Furthermore, the observed asymmetries in the dust temperature, the H2-to-dust ratio and the total gas-to-dust ratio hint that an enhancement in the star formation rate may be the result of larger quantities of molecular gas available to fuel star formation in the NE compared to the SW. Whilst the asymmetry likely arises from dust obscuration due to the geometry of the line-of-sight projection of the spiral arms, we cannot exclude that there is also an enhancement in the star formation rate in the NE part of the disc.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: NGC 891 - galaxies: spiral - galaxies: ISM - infrared: galaxies - submillimeter: galaxies

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/565/A4): images.dat images/*>

Simbad objects: 10

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Number of rows : 10
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11798 1
2 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1592 2
3 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1599902040 +41 30 42.108850836   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3769 3
4 NAME Taurus Complex SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 3926 0
5 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 16002 1
6 NGC 4013 GiG 11 58 31.417 +43 56 49.28   12.4       ~ 394 1
7 NGC 4244 GiG 12 17 29.659 +37 48 25.60   10.71   9.99   ~ 533 1
8 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 4064 4
9 M 83 SBG 13 37 00.91920 -29 51 56.7400 8.85 8.11 7.52 7.21   ~ 2385 2
10 NGC 6822 G 19 44 56.199 -14 47 51.29   18 8.1     ~ 1496 0

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2022.05.28-22:32:00

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