2014A&A...565A..10T


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.08.18CEST11:58:46

2014A&A...565A..10T - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 565A, 10-10 (2014/5-1)

Evidence for major mergers of galaxies at 2 ≲ z < 4 in the VVDS and VUDS surveys.

TASCA L.A.M., LE FEVRE O., LOPEZ-SANJUAN C., WANG P.-W., CASSATA P., GARILLI B., ILBERT O., LE BRUN V., LEMAUX B.C., MACCAGNI D., TRESSE L., BARDELLI S., CONTINI T., CHARLOT S., CUCCIATI O., FONTANA A., GIAVALISCO M., KNEIB J.-P., SALVATO M., TANIGUCHI Y., VERGANI D., ZAMORANI G. and ZUCCA E.

Abstract (from CDS):

The mass assembly of galaxies can proceed through different physical processes. Here we report on the spectroscopic identification of close physical pairs of galaxies at redshifts 2≲z<4 and discuss the impact of major mergers in building galaxies at these early cosmological times. We aim to identify and characterize close physical pairs of galaxies destined to merge and use their properties to infer the contribution of merging processes to the early mass assembly of galaxies. We searched for galaxy pairs with a transverse separation rp≤25h–1kpc and a velocity difference Δv≤500km/s using early data from the VIMOS Ultra Deep Survey (VUDS) that comprise a sample of 1111 galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts measurements at redshifts 1.8≤z≤4 in the COSMOS, ECDFS, and VVDS-02h fields, combined with VVDS data. We analysed their spectra and associated visible and near-infrared photometry to assess the main properties of merging galaxies that have an average stellar mass M*=2.3x1010M at these redshifts. Using the 12 physical pairs found in our sample we obtain a first robust measurement of the major merger fraction at these redshifts, fMM=19.4+9 –6%. These pairs are expected to merge within 1 Gyr on average each producing a more massive galaxy by the time the cosmic star formation peaks at z∼1-2. Using the pairs' merging time scales, we derive a merging rate of RMM=0.17+0.08–0.05G/yr. From the average mass ratio between galaxies in the pairs, the stellar mass of the resulting galaxy after merging will be ∼60% higher than the most massive galaxy in the pair before merging. We conclude that major merging of galaxy pairs is on-going at 2≲z<4 and is significantly contributing to the major mass assembly phase of galaxies at this early epoch.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: formation - galaxies: high-redshift

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2019
#notes
1 NAME Extended Chandra Deep Field South reg 03 32 30.0 -27 48 20           ~ 581 0
2 NAME COSMOS Field reg 10 00 28.60 +02 12 21.0           ~ 1837 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.08.18-11:58:46

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