C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.04CEST02:47:10

2014A&A...566A..43K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 566A, 43-43 (2014/6-1)

The EPOCH Project. I. Periodic variable stars in the EROS-2 LMC database.


Abstract (from CDS):

The EPOCH (EROS-2 periodic variable star classification using machine learning) project aims to detect periodic variable stars in the EROS-2 light curve database. In this paper, we present the first result of the classification of periodic variable stars in the EROS-2 LMC database. To classify these variables, we first built a training set by compiling known variables in the Large Magellanic Cloud area from the OGLE and MACHO surveys. We crossmatched these variables with the EROS-2 sources and extracted 22 variability features from 28392 light curves of the corresponding EROS-2 sources. We then used the random forest method to classify the EROS-2 sources in the training set. We designed the model to separate not only δ Scuti stars, RR Lyraes, Cepheids, eclipsing binaries, and long-period variables, the superclasses, but also their subclasses, such as RRab, RRc, RRd, and RRe for RR Lyraes, and similarly for the other variable types. The model trained using only the superclasses shows 99% recall and precision, while the model trained on all subclasses shows 87% recall and precision. We applied the trained model to the entire EROS-2 LMC database, which contains about 29 million sources, and found 117234 periodic variable candidates. Out of these 117234 periodic variables, 55285 have not been discovered by either OGLE or MACHO variability studies. This set comprises 1906 δ Scuti stars, 6607 RR Lyraes, 638 Cepheids, 178 Type II Cepheids, 34562 eclipsing binaries, and 11394 long-period variables.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: variables: general - Magellanic Clouds - methods: data analysis

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/566/A43): table2.dat>

Status at CDS:   All or part of tables of objects will not be ingested in SIMBAD.

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
1 NAME SMC G 00 52 38.0 -72 48 01   2.79 2.2     ~ 9440 1
2 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 5665 1
3 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 14826 1
4 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11533 0
5 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 3387 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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