2014A&A...566L..10A


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.08CEST03:51:16

2014A&A...566L..10A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 566, L10-10 (2014/6-1)

Tuning in on Cepheids: Radial velocity amplitude modulations. A source of systematic uncertainty for Baade-Wesselink distances.

ANDERSON R.I.

Abstract (from CDS):

Classical Cepheids are crucial calibrators of the extragalactic distance scale. The Baade-Wesselink technique can be used to calibrate Cepheid distances using Cepheids in the Galaxy and the Magellanic Clouds. I report the discovery of modulations in radial velocity (RV) curves of four Galactic classical Cepheids and investigate their impact as a systematic uncertainty for Baade-Wesselink distances. Highly precise Doppler measurements were obtained using the Coralie high-resolution spectrograph since 2011. Particular care was taken to sample all phase points in order to very accurately trace the RV curve during multiple epochs and to search for differences in linear radius variations derived from observations obtained at different epochs. Different timescales are sampled, ranging from cycle-to-cycle to months and years. The unprecedented combination of excellent phase coverage obtained during multiple epochs and high precision enabled the discovery of significant modulation in the RV curves of the short-period s-Cepheids QZ Normae and V335 Puppis, as well as the long-period fundamental mode Cepheids l Carinae and RS Puppis. The modulations manifest as shape and amplitude variations that vary smoothly on timescales of years for short-period Cepheids and from one pulsation cycle to the next in the long-period Cepheids. The order of magnitude of the effect ranges from several hundred m/s to a few km/s. The resulting difference among linear radius variations derived using data from different epochs can lead to systematic errors of up to 15% for Baade-Wesselink-type distances, if the employed angular and linear radius variations are not determined contemporaneously. The different natures of the Cepheids exhibiting modulation in their RV curves suggests that this phenomenon is common. The observational baseline is not yet sufficient to conclude whether these modulations are periodic. To ensure the accuracy of Baade-Wesselink distances, angular and linear radius variations should always be determined contemporaneously.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): methods: observational - techniques: radial velocities - stars: variables: Cepheids - stars: distances - distance scale

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/566/L10): cepheids.dat qznor.dat v335pup.dat lcar.dat rspup.dat>

Simbad objects: 9

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Number of rows : 9

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 * alf UMi cC* 02 31 49.09456 +89 15 50.7923 3.00 2.62 2.02 1.53 1.22 F8Ib 609 2
2 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 5665 1
3 * 48 Aur cC* 06 28 34.0875086 +30 29 34.914168 6.73 6.23 5.55   4.777 F5.5-G0Ib 356 0
4 V* V335 Pup cC* 07 56 57.7031283196 -22 49 31.571769531   9.58 9.18 9.16   F3II 42 0
5 V* RS Pup cC* 08 13 04.2157137938 -34 34 42.691837063 8.89 8.00 6.70   5.453 F8Iab 315 0
6 * l Car cC* 09 45 14.8112246 -62 30 28.451894   4.33 3.40     G5Iab/b 286 1
7 V* QZ Nor cC* 16 11 20.4661902809 -54 21 14.826048900 10.08 9.53 8.71 8.66   G1Iab 116 0
8 NGC 6067 OpC 16 13 11 -54 13.1           ~ 169 0
9 V* V473 Lyr cC* 19 15 59.4894683081 +27 55 34.683764506 7.18 6.770 6.153     F8Ib-II 203 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.08-03:51:16

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