2014A&A...567A..12G


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.03CEST21:46:17

2014A&A...567A..12G - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 567A, 12-12 (2014/7-1)

Chemical abundances in Galactic planetary nebulae with Spitzer spectra.

GARCIA-HERNANDEZ D.A. and GORNY S.K.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present new low-resolution (R∼800) optical spectra of 22 Galactic planetary nebulae (PNe) with Spitzer spectra. These data are combined with recent optical spectroscopic data available in the literature to construct representative samples of compact (and presumably young) Galactic disc and bulge PNe with Spitzer spectra. Attending to the nature of the dust features - C-rich, O-rich, and both C- and O-rich dust features (or double chemistry) - seen in their Spitzer spectra, the Galactic disc and bulge PNe are classified according to four major dust types (oxygen chemistry or OC, carbon chemistry or CC, double chemistry or DC, featureless or F) and subtypes (amorphous and crystalline, and aliphatic and aromatic), and their Galactic distributions are presented. Nebular gas abundances of He, N, O, Ne, S, Cl, and Ar, as well as plasma parameters (e.g. Ne, Te) are homogeneously derived by using the classical empirical method. We study the median chemical abundances and nebular properties in Galactic disc and bulge PNe depending on their Spitzer dust types and subtypes. The differences and similarities between PNe in the Galactic disc and bulge are reported. In particular, the median abundances for the major Spitzer dust types CC and OC are representative of the dominant dust subtype (which are different in both Galactic environments), while these values in DC PNe are representative of the two DC subtypes. A comparison of the derived median abundance patterns with AGB nucleosynthesis predictions mainly show that i) DC PNe, both with amorphous and crystalline silicates, display high-metallicity (solar/supra-solar) and the highest He abundances and N/O abundance ratios, suggesting relatively massive (∼3-5M) hot bottom burning AGB stars as progenitors; ii) PNe with O-rich and C-rich unevolved dust (amorphous and aliphatic) seem to evolve from subsolar metallicity (z∼0.008) and lower mass (<3M) AGB stars; iii) a few O-rich PNe and a significant fraction of C-rich PNe with more evolved dust (crystalline and aromatic, respectively) display chemical abundances similar to DC PNe, suggesting that they are related objects. A comparison of the derived nebular properties with predictions from models combining the theoretical central star evolution with a simple nebular model is also presented. Finally, a possible link between the Spitzer dust properties, chemical abundances, and evolutionary status is discussed.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): planetary nebulae: general - stars: abundances - stars: evolution - Galaxy: bulge - infrared: stars - stars: Wolf-Rayet

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/567/A12): table2.dat table2.txt table3.dat table3.txt>

Simbad objects: 157

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Number of rows : 157

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 EGGR 382 WD? 00 33 54.4629052338 -12 07 58.777597136 15.511 15.572 14.891 14.467 14.051 DC? 91 0
2 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 10902 1
3 NAME SMC G 00 52 38.0 -72 48 01   2.79 2.2     ~ 9440 1
4 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 5665 1
5 PN MaC 2-1 PN 05 03 41.8526806842 -06 10 03.029233356     14.4     ~ 37 0
6 PN M 1-5 PN 05 46 50.0109398369 +24 22 02.818353956           ~ 112 1
7 PN M 1-12 PN 07 19 21.4686621026 -21 43 55.406123858     14.08     WC10-11 110 0
8 WRAY 16-8 PN 07 47 20.0415822672 -51 15 03.433241648   11.9 12.80     Of(H) 106 0
9 PN PB 2 PN 08 20 40.1880359216 -46 22 58.506941557     13.60     wels? 52 0
10 WRAY 15-344 PN 09 13 52.85 -55 28 17.2     13.70     ~ 54 0
11 PN My 47 PN 09 19 27.50 -59 12 00.3   12.7 12.40     ~ 65 0
12 NGC 2867 PN 09 21 25.3833564294 -58 18 40.616684216   12.0 10.30     [WO2] 292 0
13 WRAY 16-66 PN 10 07 23.6189996068 -63 54 30.061278442     13.80     ~ 48 0
14 PN Pe 1-1 PN 10 38 27.62 -56 47 06.5     14.20     [WC4/5] 86 0
15 PN Pe 2-7 PN 10 41 19.59 -56 09 16.2     15.20     ~ 31 0
16 WRAY 16-86 PN 11 17 43.1454276251 -70 49 32.176389648   12.3 14.00     ~ 37 0
17 WRAY 16-88 PN 11 24 01.04 -52 51 19.4   13.9 14.40     ~ 53 0
18 WRAY 16-94 PN 11 31 45.4622251905 -65 58 14.158577586     14.30     ~ 60 0
19 WRAY 16-100 PN 11 48 38.17 -65 08 37.1     13.40     ~ 78 0
20 WRAY 16-107 PN 12 09 10.2069547927 -58 42 37.284999317     15.20     ~ 33 0
21 WRAY 16-117 PN 12 30 30.479 -64 52 05.72   14.55 15.00     [WC4] 110 0
22 PN MyCn 18 PN 13 39 35.0560904148 -67 22 51.758576199   13.30 12.54 13.19 12.61 ~ 265 1
23 WRAY 16-133 PN 13 42 36.1511904624 -61 22 28.861409573     15.86     ~ 48 0
24 PN MaC 1-2 PN 13 54 27.067 -64 59 36.14           ~ 23 1
25 WRAY 16-162 PN 15 05 16.80 -55 11 10.5     14.50     ~ 110 0
26 WRAY 16-178 PN 15 23 36.35 -53 51 28.1     15.00     ~ 56 0
27 WRAY 15-1341 PN 15 41 58.83 -56 36 25.6     14.50     ~ 70 0
28 WRAY 16-194 PN 15 58 08.1036164810 -55 41 50.345148875     15.60     ~ 84 0
29 PN StWr 4-10 PN 16 02 13.0531269700 -41 33 36.063307752   13.9 15.00     [WC2/3] 53 0
30 PN H 1-1 Em* 16 13 28.1839517928 -34 35 39.360157417   10.72 9.61     ~ 53 0
31 WRAY 16-218 PN 16 23 30.6471124003 -58 19 22.793842731   13.7 13.90     ~ 66 0
32 ESO 332-2 PN 16 49 32.85 -39 21 09.1           ~ 26 0
33 ESO 332-4 PN 16 51 33.575 -40 02 56.01           ~ 21 0
34 HD 151895 PN 16 54 35.1337523869 -64 14 28.686747259   12.03 11.72     O(H)4-8III-V 99 0
35 WRAY 15-1585 PN 16 59 36.1290504211 -51 42 08.619343678     14.30     ~ 85 0
36 PN M 2-5 PN 17 02 19.089 -33 10 04.97   16.28 15.08   14.44 ~ 65 0
37 CD-53 7049 PN 17 03 02.8779937076 -53 55 53.966813453   11.84 11.48     B/Ae 55 1
38 PN Sa 1-5 PN 17 11 27.3945863181 -47 25 02.050977873     15.60     ~ 28 0
39 PN M 2-10 PN 17 14 07.03 -31 19 42.9     15.00     ~ 78 0
40 PN H 1-8 PN 17 14 42.93 -33 24 47.4     13.6     ~ 56 0
41 PN Th 3-4 PN 17 18 51.9377588183 -31 39 06.624035387           ~ 37 0
42 PN Th 3-6 PN 17 19 20.2371057907 -31 12 40.969438070           ~ 29 0
43 PN M 3-38 PN 17 21 04.4698630384 -29 02 59.700148858     16.00     ~ 83 0
44 PN M 3-40 PN 17 22 28.2908196257 -27 08 42.366687782           ~ 61 0
45 PN M 3-8 PN 17 24 52.15 -28 05 54.6     15.40     ~ 81 0
46 PN H 1-12 PN 17 26 24.3011877380 -35 01 41.342339622     14     ~ 47 0
47 PN M 3-10 PN 17 27 20.19 -28 27 51.2     14.40     ~ 90 0
48 PN H 1-15 PN 17 28 37.6287267935 -24 51 07.216657849     15.10     ~ 56 0
49 PN M 1-20 PN 17 28 57.612 -19 15 53.94           ~ 120 0
50 PN H 1-16 PN 17 29 23.4288306495 -26 26 05.773990642   16.9 15.63 14.25 15.37 ~ 52 1
51 PN H 2-11 PN 17 29 25.9610992701 -25 49 07.209126602           ~ 59 0
52 PN H 1-18 PN 17 29 42.76 -29 32 50.3           ~ 70 0
53 PN H 1-19 PN 17 30 02.57 -27 59 17.5     16.30     ~ 69 0
54 PN Al 2-E PN 17 30 14.45 -27 30 20.1     17.50     ~ 38 0
55 PN H 1-20 PN 17 30 43.82 -28 04 06.8   17.1 16.0     ~ 80 0
56 PN H 1-23 PN 17 32 46.92 -30 00 14.9     16.00     ~ 74 0
57 PN H 1-21 PN 17 32 47.8088478982 -40 58 28.753204254     15.20     ~ 27 0
58 WRAY 16-286 PN 17 33 00.67 -36 43 51.8     15.40     ~ 41 0
59 PN M 4-5 PN 17 34 54.72 -26 35 57.3     17.50     ~ 65 0
60 PN M 4-6 PN 17 35 13.99 -29 03 10.6           ~ 59 0
61 PN M 1-25 PN 17 38 30.3090210711 -22 08 39.031594171   17.9       [WC6] 137 0
62 PN SaSt 2-15 PN 17 38 57.3716181503 -18 17 35.779247942   13.93 13.66 13.82   ~ 69 0
63 ESO 455-139 PN 17 39 02.9178955381 -28 56 35.628312537     17.2     ~ 66 0
64 PN H 2-17 PN 17 40 07.4253814422 -24 25 42.587377464     16.00     ~ 75 0
65 PN M 3-13 PN 17 41 36.62 -22 13 03.0           ~ 40 0
66 PN Hb 4 PN 17 41 52.7988053576 -24 42 08.343474051   18.4 17     [WC4] 205 1
67 PN M 2-14 PN 17 41 57.2575130821 -24 11 16.231392404     14.70 15.71 14.50 ~ 60 0
68 PN H 2-18 PN 17 43 28.751 -21 09 51.29           ~ 72 0
69 PN H 1-29 WV* 17 44 13.8729577601 -34 17 32.824856894     14.90 16.04 14.90 [WC4/6] 63 0
70 PN Sa 2-237 PN 17 44 42.282 -15 45 11.45   16.1 15.5     ~ 34 0
71 PN M 3-15 PN 17 45 31.7106453927 -20 58 01.474691822           [WC4/6] 117 1
72 PN Tc 1 PN 17 45 35.2877697798 -46 05 23.713203258   11.30 11.49     PCyg 240 0
73 PN H 2-20 PN 17 45 39.81 -25 40 00.3     17.00     ~ 69 1
74 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11533 0
75 PN H 1-32 PN 17 46 06.30 -34 03 45.4     14.70     ~ 62 0
76 PN Th 4-1 PN 17 46 20.8185546564 -20 13 48.278445674           ~ 33 0
77 PN M 1-27 WR? 17 46 45.4756208895 -33 08 35.133141922     13.90     [WC11]? 95 0
78 PN H 1-33 PN 17 47 49.4162559989 -34 08 05.126681277     15.30     ~ 60 1
79 PN H 1-34 PN 17 48 07.572 -22 46 47.33           ~ 40 0
80 PN Th 4-3 PN 17 48 37.390 -22 16 48.79           ~ 32 0
81 PN H 1-35 PN 17 49 13.9251055629 -34 22 52.842287784     12.90     wels? 107 0
82 PN Th 4-6 PN 17 50 57.24 -18 46 48.4           ~ 31 0
83 PN M 3-44 PN 17 51 18.9231333773 -30 23 53.176361589     16.50     [WC11] 76 0
84 PN M 1-31 PN 17 52 41.44 -22 21 57.0           [WC] 98 0
85 PN Cn 2-1 PN 17 54 33.010 -34 22 21.15     12.70 14.47 13.70 ~ 130 0
86 PN Bl Q PN 17 54 34.9654509053 -28 12 43.156905474     17.30     ~ 32 0
87 IC 4670 PN 17 55 07.031 -21 44 40.04   15.03 13.28 13.88 13.56 ~ 143 2
88 PN H 1-40 PN 17 55 36.0512179985 -30 33 32.478313280     15.50     ~ 95 0
89 PN H 2-31 PN 17 56 02.350 -28 14 11.36           ~ 27 0
90 PN M 1-32 PN 17 56 20.11 -16 29 04.6   18.3 17.0     [WC4/5] 92 1
91 PN H 2-32 PN 17 56 24.3326590358 -29 38 06.739823930     15.60     ~ 36 0
92 WRAY 16-330 PN 17 56 33.7100459560 -43 03 19.130920230   13.4 13.60     ~ 44 0
93 PN Th 4-10 PN 17 57 06.599 -18 06 43.43           ~ 38 0
94 PN H 1-44 EB* 17 58 10.65 -31 42 56.0     17.00   18.939 ~ 58 0
95 PN H 1-43 PN 17 58 14.4397467261 -33 47 37.625196722     15.10     [WC11] 73 0
96 PN M 1-33 PN 17 58 58.81 -15 32 14.8           ~ 60 1
97 PN H 1-46 PN 17 59 02.5098240700 -32 21 43.519988658     14.30     ~ 73 0
98 PN M 2-23 PN 18 01 42.64 -28 25 44.2     13.00     ~ 112 0
99 IRAS 17597-1442 PN 18 02 38.30 -14 42 02.8           [WC8] 23 1
100 PN KFL 4 PN 18 02 51.67 -27 40 59.6           ~ 26 0
101 PN M 2-27 PN 18 03 52.60 -31 17 46.7     14.40     [WC4]: 99 0
102 PN H 1-50 PN 18 03 53.5070795395 -32 41 42.015753284   10 12.80     ~ 74 0
103 PN M 1-37 PN 18 05 25.81 -28 22 04.3     14.70     [WC11]? 118 0
104 PN H 1-53 PN 18 05 57.43 -26 29 42.0           ~ 49 1
105 PN M 1-38 PN 18 06 05.74 -28 40 30.0     13.90     ~ 95 0
106 PN H 1-56 PN 18 07 53.8847964508 -29 44 34.330385860     15.00     O? 77 0
107 PN H 2-39 PN 18 08 05.759 -28 26 10.50           ~ 40 0
108 PN M 1-40 PN 18 08 25.989 -22 16 52.93   11       ~ 111 1
109 PN MaC 1-10 PN 18 09 12.878 -25 04 33.27           [WC8] 43 0
110 PN KFL 11 PN 18 10 12.244 -27 16 35.00           ~ 27 0
111 PN KFL 12 PN 18 10 30.807 -28 19 22.91           ~ 27 0
112 PN H 1-61 PN 18 12 33.99 -24 50 00.5     16.90     ~ 45 0
113 PN M 2-31 PN 18 13 16.0573157107 -25 30 05.262267071   13.3 13.60     [WC4/6] 92 0
114 PN H 1-62 PN 18 13 17.9554567527 -32 19 42.965989466   12 14.00     WC10-11 49 0
115 PN MaC 1-11 PN 18 14 50.89 -22 43 55.7           ~ 27 0
116 PN M 3-25 PN 18 15 16.967 -10 10 09.47           ~ 51 0
117 PN M 2-39 PN 18 22 01.15 -24 10 39.8     15.00     wels 71 0
118 PN M 2-42 PN 18 22 32.08 -24 09 27.7     13.90     ~ 70 0
119 PN M 1-45 PN 18 23 07.9834112744 -19 17 05.318819098           ~ 52 0
120 PN Cn 1-5 PN 18 29 11.6504002939 -31 29 59.125146747   15.5 15.2 13.34   [WC5/6] 140 0
121 NGC 6644 PN 18 32 34.70 -25 07 44.2     9.6     ~ 185 0
122 PN M 3-54 PN 18 33 03.745 -13 44 19.95           ~ 33 0
123 PN M 1-51 PN 18 33 29.05 -11 07 26.5           [WC4/6] 85 1
124 PN M 4-10 PN 18 34 13.85 -13 12 24.7           ~ 35 0
125 PN V-V 3 PN 18 37 11.11 -19 02 21.9           ~ 42 0
126 PN K 3-11 PN 18 41 07.311 -08 55 58.97           ~ 37 0
127 PN M 1-60 PN 18 43 38.13 -13 44 48.9           [WC4] 79 0
128 IC 4776 PN 18 45 50.705 -33 20 34.12   11.98 10.62     [WC]pec 190 1
129 PN M 1-61 PN 18 45 55.12 -14 27 37.9           ~ 102 0
130 PN H 2-48 PN 18 46 35.1189996080 -23 26 48.246734570     13     OIII-V 80 0
131 PN M 1-62 PN 18 50 26.0455673383 -22 34 22.709171054           [WC] 44 0
132 PN G044.1+05.8 PN 18 50 46.8608502975 +12 37 29.840910279           ~ 12 0
133 PN K 3-15 PN 18 51 41.54 +09 54 52.6           ~ 28 0
134 PN K 4-8 PN 18 54 20.01 -08 47 33.3           ~ 31 0
135 NAME SDG G 18 55 03.1 -30 28 42   4.5 3.6     ~ 1737 2
136 PN K 3-19 PN 19 01 36.575 -01 19 07.85           ~ 39 0
137 PN M 1-69 PN 19 13 53.890 +03 37 41.78   15.26 13.70     WC 28 0
138 PN WhMe 1 PN 19 14 59.7260221295 +17 22 46.027423381     12.0     B9V 43 0
139 IC 4846 PN 19 16 28.2205101750 -09 02 36.760345214           ~ 203 0
140 PN K 3-31 PN 19 19 02.65 +19 02 21.1           ~ 40 0
141 WRAY 16-423 PN 19 22 10.63 -31 30 38.7   13.0 14.20     ~ 48 0
142 NGC 6807 PN 19 34 33.53 +05 41 02.5     12     ~ 134 0
143 PN M 1-71 PN 19 36 26.9207484077 +19 42 24.018831075           [WC] 79 1
144 Hen 2-440 PN 19 38 08.4 +25 15 41           ~ 33 1
145 HD 338808 HS* 19 44 26.1388988534 +26 13 16.682298603 10.92 11.03 10.47     sdB0.5VIpHe9 89 0
146 NGC 6833 PN 19 49 46.5751757576 +48 57 40.076934646           ~ 166 0
147 PN K 3-49 PN 19 54 00.6168164458 +33 22 12.513983964           ~ 31 0
148 PN K 4-41 PN 19 56 34.027 +32 22 12.96           ~ 39 0
149 PN K 3-56 PN 20 06 55.385 +44 14 18.65           ~ 28 0
150 PN K 3-62 PN 21 31 50.18 +52 33 51.6           ~ 74 1
151 BD+28 4211 HS* 21 51 11.0220905905 +28 51 50.366090892 8.922 10.25 10.58 10.656 10.831 sdO2VIIIHe5 735 0
152 PN G097.6-02.4 PN 21 57 41.7842151017 +51 41 39.292080499           ~ 67 0
153 PN Bl 2-1 PN 22 20 16.63 +58 14 16.6           ~ 45 0
154 PN K 4-57 PN 22 48 34.3240648886 +58 29 08.267168761           ~ 24 0
155 PN K 3-87 PN 22 55 06.9356782266 +56 42 31.027413548           ~ 31 0
156 Feige 110 HS* 23 19 58.3995050606 -05 09 56.170282845 10.360 11.45 11.50 11.970 12.145 sdO8VIIIHe5 552 1
157 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 3387 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.03-21:46:17

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