2014A&A...567A.116F


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.04CEST02:36:54

2014A&A...567A.116F - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 567A, 116-116 (2014/7-1)

Shaping a high-mass star-forming cluster through stellar feedback . The case of the NGC 7538 IRS 1-3 complex.

FRAU P., GIRART J.M., ZHANG Q. and RAO R.

Abstract (from CDS):

NGC 7538 IRS 1-3 is a high-mass star-forming cluster with several detected dust cores, infrared sources, (ultra)compact HII regions, molecular outflows, and masers. In such a complex environment, interactions and feedback among the embedded objects are expected to play a major role in the evolution of the region. We study the dust, kinematic, and polarimetric properties of the NGC 7538 IRS 1-3 region to investigate the role of the different forces in the formation and evolution of high-mass star-forming clusters. We performed SMA high angular resolution observations at 880µm with the compact configuration. We developed the RATPACKS code to generate synthetic velocity cubes from models of choice to be compared to the observational data. To quantify the stability against gravitational collapse we developed the ``mass balance'' analysis that accounts for all the energetics on core scales. We detect 14 dust cores from 3.5M to 37 M arranged in two larger scale structures: a central bar and a filamentary spiral arm. The spiral arm presents large-scale velocity gradients in H13CO+ 4-3 and C17O 3-2, and magnetic field segments aligned well to the dust main axis. The velocity gradient is reproduced well by a spiral arm expanding at 9km/s with respect to the central core MM1, which is known to power a large precessing outflow. The energy of the outflow is comparable to the spiral-arm kinetic energy, which dominates gravitational and magnetic energies. In addition, the dynamical ages of the outflow and spiral arm are comparable. On core scales, those embedded in the central bar seem to be unstable against gravitational collapse and prone to forming high-mass stars, while those in the spiral arm have lower masses that seem to be supported by non-thermal motions and magnetic fields. The NGC 7538 IRS 1-3 cluster seems to be dominated by protostellar feedback. The dusty spiral arm appears to be formed in a snowplow fashion owing to the outflow from the MM1 core. We speculate that the external pressure from the redshifted lobe of the outflow could trigger star formation in the spiral arm cores. This scenario would form a small cluster with a few central high-mass stars, surrounded by a number of low-mass stars formed through protostellar feedback.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: individual objects: NGC 7538 IRS 1 - ISM: magnetic fields - stars: formation - polarization - submillimeter: ISM - techniques: interferometric

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/567/A116): list.dat fits/*>

Nomenclature: Table 1: [QZM2011] MMNa N=6 added (Nos MM10-MM13, MM3b and MM7b).

Simbad objects: 22

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Number of rows : 22

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 3C 454.3 QSO 22 53 57.74798 +16 08 53.5611   16.57 16.10 15.22   ~ 2505 2
2 NGC 7538 OpC 23 13 37 +61 30.0           ~ 827 0
3 [QZM2011] MM9 cor 23 13 43.286 +61 27 59.49           ~ 3 0
4 [QZM2011] MM8 cor 23 13 43.446 +61 27 47.86           ~ 3 0
5 [WBN74] NGC 7538 IRS 3 HII 23 13 43.646 +61 28 14.02           ~ 62 0
6 [QZM2011] MM4 cor 23 13 43.729 +61 28 11.35           ~ 3 0
7 [WBN74] NGC 7538 IRS 11 Y*O 23 13 43.960 +61 26 58.85           ~ 54 0
8 [QZM2011] MM11 mm 23 13 44.421 +61 28 25.76           ~ 1 0
9 [QZM2011] MM7b mm 23 13 44.622 +61 27 58.30           ~ 1 0
10 [QZM2011] MM2 cor 23 13 44.724 +61 28 12.19           ~ 5 0
11 NAME NGC 7538 IRS 1-3 reg 23 13 45 +61 28.3           ~ 26 1
12 [QZM2011] MM13 mm 23 13 45.092 +61 28 26.36           ~ 1 0
13 [QZM2011] MM7 cor 23 13 45.143 +61 27 57.95           ~ 3 0
14 [WBN74] NGC 7538 IRS 1 Y*O 23 13 45.318 +61 28 11.69           ~ 367 3
15 [QZM2011] MM1 cor 23 13 45.358 +61 28 10.25           ~ 3 0
16 [WBN74] NGC 7538 IRS 2 HII 23 13 45.474 +61 28 19.87           ~ 70 0
17 [QZM2011] MM5 cor 23 13 45.496 +61 28 17.69           ~ 3 0
18 [QZM2011] MM3b mm 23 13 45.976 +61 28 13.52           ~ 1 0
19 [QZM2011] MM12 mm 23 13 46.019 +61 28 01.47           ~ 1 0
20 [QZM2011] MM3 cor 23 13 46.432 +61 28 13.95           ~ 4 0
21 [QZM2011] MM10 mm 23 13 46.439 +61 28 05.30           ~ 1 0
22 [QZM2011] MM6 cor 23 13 46.942 +61 28 09.92           ~ 3 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.04-02:36:54

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