2014A&A...570A.103B


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.08CEST04:40:17

2014A&A...570A.103B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 570A, 103-103 (2014/10-1)

Formation of S0 galaxies through mergers. Antitruncated stellar discs resulting from major mergers.

BORLAFF A., ELICHE-MORAL M.C., RODRIGUEZ-PEREZ C., QUEREJETA M., TAPIA T., PEREZ-GONZALEZ P.G., ZAMORANO J., GALLEGO J. and BECKMAN J.

Abstract (from CDS):

Lenticular galaxies (S0s) are more likely to host antitruncated (Type III) stellar discs than galaxies of later Hubble types. Major mergers are popularly considered too violent to make these breaks. We have investigated whether major mergers can result into S0-like remnants with realistic antitruncated stellar discs or not. We have analysed 67 relaxed S0 and E/S0 remnants resulting from dissipative N-body simulations of major mergers from the GalMer database. We have simulated realistic R-band surface brightness profiles of the remnants to identify those with antitruncated stellar discs. Their inner and outer discs and the breaks have been quantitatively characterized to compare with real data. Nearly 70% of our S0-like remnants are antitruncated, meaning that major mergers that result in S0s have a high probability of producing Type III stellar discs. Our remnants lie on top of the extrapolations of the observational trends (towards brighter magnitudes and higher break radii) in several photometric diagrams, because of the higher luminosities and sizes of the simulations compared to observational samples. In scale-free photometric diagrams, simulations and observations overlap and the remnants reproduce the observational trends, so the physical mechanism after antitruncations is highly scalable. We have found novel photometric scaling relations between the characteristic parameters of the antitruncations in real S0s, which are also reproduced by our simulations. We show that the trends in all the photometric planes can be derived from three basic scaling relations that real and simulated Type III S0s fulfill: hi∝RbrkIII, ho∝RbrkIII, and µbrkIII{prop.to}RbrkIII, where hi and ho are the scalelengths of the inner and outer discs, and µbrkIII and RbrkIII are the surface brightness and radius of the breaks. Bars and antitruncations in real S0s are structurally unrelated phenomena according to the studied photometric planes. Major mergers provide a feasible mechanism to form realistic antitruncated S0 galaxies.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: formation - galaxies: fundamental parameters - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: interactions - galaxies: structure

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NAME Vir I ClG 12 26 32.1 +12 43 24   10.00 8.49     ~ 5824 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.08CEST04:40:17

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Basic data :
NAME Vir I -- Cluster of Galaxies
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
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X (H,2MAXI,...), ClG (BAX,MCXC), gam (INTREF), gLe (Ref), GrG ([D61])
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  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
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    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
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    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
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ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
12 26 32.1 +12 43 24 [ ] D 2001ApJ...554L.129M
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  • quality : flag of quality
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    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
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    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
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FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
12 24 00.0 +13 00 00 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
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    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
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    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
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279.6763 +74.4596 [ ]
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Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 1137 [~] / z(~) 0.0038 [~] / cz 1139 [~]
   D 1998A&A...338..813W
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B 10.00 [~] E ~
V 8.49 [~] E ~
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NAME Vir I INTREF 496 MCXC J1230.7+1220 NAME Virgo Cluster
BAX 186.6337+12.7233 2MAXI J1230+124 NAME Virgo I NAME Virgo Group
H 1228+125 3MAXI J1231+122 NAME Vir Cluster [D61] Vir I

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2020.07.08-04:40:17

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