Query : 2014A&A...572A..76V

2014A&A...572A..76V - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 572A, 76-76 (2014/12-1)

Dusty tails of evaporating exoplanets. I. Constraints on the dust composition.


Abstract (from CDS):

Recently, two exoplanet candidates have been discovered, KIC 12557548b and KOI-2700b, whose transit profiles show evidence of a comet-like tail of dust trailing the planet, thought to be fed by the evaporation of the planet's surface. We aim to put constraints on the composition of the dust ejected by these objects from the shape of their transit light curves. We derive a semi-analytical expression for the attenuation of the dust cross-section in the tail, incorporating the sublimation of dust grains as well as their drift away from the planet. This expression shows that the length of the tail is highly sensitive to the sublimation properties of the dust material. We compute tail lengths for several possible dust compositions, and compare these to observational estimates of the tail lengths of KIC 12557548b and KOI-2700b, inferred from their light curves. The observed tail lengths are consistent with dust grains composed of corundum (Al2O3) or iron-rich silicate minerals (e.g., fayalite, Fe2SiO4). Pure iron and carbonaceous compositions are not favoured. In addition, we estimate dust mass loss rates of 1.7±0.5M⊕/Gyr for KIC 12557548b, and >0.007M/Gyr (1σ lower limit) for KOI-2700b.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): eclipses - occultations - planets and satellites: composition - planets and satellites: individual: KIC 12557548b - planets and satellites: individual: KOI-2700b - planet-star interactions

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 CoRoT-7b Pl 06 43 49.4690410679 -01 03 46.825797768           ~ 394 1
2 Kepler-1520b Pl 19 23 51.8899069766 +51 30 16.983558676           ~ 71 1
3 Kepler-1520 Er* 19 23 51.8899191552 +51 30 16.983425232   17.130 16.117 15.772   ~ 75 1
4 KOI-2700b Pl? 19 48 00.8488827355 +44 46 30.374871297           ~ 36 0
5 KOI-2700 Er* 19 48 00.8489502864 +44 46 30.374957496       15.353   ~ 33 0

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