2015A&A...575A..17H


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.08.11CEST12:47:17

2015A&A...575A..17H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 575A, 17-17 (2015/3-1)

Insights into gas heating and cooling in the disc of NGC 891 from Herschel far-infrared spectroscopy.

HUGHES T.M., FOYLE K., SCHIRM M.R.P., PARKIN T.J., DE LOOZE I., WILSON C.D., BENDO G.J., BAES M., FRITZ J., BOSELLI A., COORAY A., CORMIER D., KARCZEWSKI O.L., LEBOUTEILLER V., LU N., MADDEN S.C., SPINOGLIO L. and VIAENE S.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present Herschel PACS and SPIRE spectroscopy of the most important far-infrared cooling lines in the nearby, edge-on spiral galaxy, NGC 891: [CII] 158µm, [NII] 122, 205µm, [OI] 63, 145µm, and [OIII] 88µm. We find that the photoelectric heating efficiency of the gas, traced via the ([CII]+[OI]63)/FTIR ratio, varies from a mean of 3.5x10–3 in the centre up to 8x10–3 at increasing radial and vertical distances in the disc. A decrease in ([CII]+[OI]63)/FTIR but constant ([CII]+[OI]63)/FPAH with increasing FIR colour suggests that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) may become important for gas heating in the central regions. We compare the observed flux of the FIR cooling lines and total IR emission with the predicted flux from a PDR model to determine the gas density, surface temperature and the strength of the incident far-ultraviolet (FUV) radiation field, G0. Resolving details on physical scales of ∼0.6kpc, a pixel-by-pixel analysis reveals that the majority of the PDRs in NGC 891's disc have hydrogen densities of 1<log(n/cm–3)<3.5 experiencing an incident FUV radiation field with strengths of 1.7<logG0<3. Although these values we derive for most of the disc are consistent with the gas properties found in PDRs in the spiral arms and inter-arm regions of M51, observed radial trends in n and G0 are shown to be sensitive to varying optical thickness in the lines, demonstrating the importance of accurately accounting for optical depth effects when interpreting observations of high inclination systems. Increasing the coverage of our analysis by using an empirical relationship between the MIPS 24µm and [NII] 205µm emission, we estimate an enhancement of the FUV radiation field strength in the far north-eastern side of the disc relative to the rest of the disc that coincides with the above-average star formation rate surface densities and gas-to-dust ratios. However, an accurate interpretation remains difficult due to optical depth effects, confusion along the line-of-sight and observational uncertainties.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: NGC 891 - galaxies: spiral - galaxies: ISM - infrared: galaxies - ISM: lines and bands

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/575/A17): cubes.dat cubes/*>

Simbad objects: 9

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Number of rows : 9

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 M 33 GiG 01 33 50.904 +30 39 35.79 6.17 6.27 5.72     ~ 5149 1
2 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1526 2
3 NGC 1097 LIN 02 46 19.059 -30 16 29.68 10.46 9.97 9.48 8.72 9.8 ~ 1178 3
4 LHA 120-N 11 HII 04 56 51.4 -66 24 24           ~ 235 0
5 NGC 1763 As* 04 56 51.5 -66 24 25     9.40     ~ 154 3
6 NGC 4559 H2G 12 35 57.6399424117 +27 57 35.859639262   10.46 10.01     ~ 534 1
7 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 3798 4
8 M 83 SBG 13 37 00.919 -29 51 56.74 8.85 8.11 7.52 7.21   ~ 2234 2
9 NAME HFLS 3 G 17 06 47.8 +58 46 23           ~ 98 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.08.11-12:47:17

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