Query : 2015A&A...577A...2M

2015A&A...577A...2M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 577A, 2-2 (2015/5-1)

Solid-state formation of CO2 via the H2CO + O reaction.


Abstract (from CDS):

The formation of carbon dioxide ice in quiescent regions of molecular clouds has not yet been fully understood, even though CO2 is one the most abundant species in interstellar ices. CO2 formation was studied via oxidation of formaldehyde molecules on cold surfaces under conditions close to those encountered in quiescent molecular clouds to evaluate the efficiency and the activation barrier of the H2CO + O reaction. Formaldehyde ices were exposed to O atoms using a differentially pumped beam line. The H2CO+O reaction experiments were carried out on two different surfaces of astrophysical interest (amorphous water ice and oxidised graphite) held at 10 or 55K. The products were probed via infrared and mass spectroscopy by using RAIRS and temperature-programmed desorption techniques. In this paper we show that the H2CO+O reaction can efficiently form carbon dioxide in the solid phase. The activation barrier for the reaction, based on a model fit to the experimental data, was estimated to be 335±55K. The H2CO+O reaction on cold surfaces can be added to the set of pathways that lead to carbon dioxide in the interstellar ices. Astrophysically, the abundance of CO2 in quiescent molecular clouds may potentially be explained by three reactions occurring on cosmic grains: CO + OH, CO + O, and H2CO + O.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): astrochemistry - atomic processes - ISM: atoms - ISM: clouds - ISM: molecules - molecular processes

CDS comments: Paragraphe 5 L1689 N2 not identified.

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 NAME Taurus Complex SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 4137 0
2 NAME Sgr B2 MoC 17 47 20.4 -28 23 07           ~ 2164 1

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