Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 577A, 6-6 (2015/5-1)
Stellar laboratories. IV. New Ga IV, Ga V, and Ga VI oscillator strengths and the gallium abundance in the hot white dwarfs G191-B2B and RE 0503-289.
RAUCH T., WERNER K., QUINET P. and KRUK J.W.
Abstract (from CDS):
For the spectral analysis of high-resolution and high-signal-to-noise (S/N) spectra of hot stars, advanced non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) model atmospheres are mandatory. These atmospheres are strongly dependent on the reliability of the atomic data that are used to calculate them. Reliable GaIV-VI oscillator strengths are used to identify Ga lines in the spectra of the DA-type white dwarf G191-B2B and the DO-type white dwarf RE0503-289 and to determine their photospheric Ga abundances. We newly calculated GaIV-VI oscillator strengths to consider their radiative and collisional bound-bound transitions in detail in our NLTE stellar-atmosphere models for analyzing of Ga lines exhibited in high-resolution and high-S/N UV observations of G191-B2B and RE0503-289. We unambiguously detected 20 isolated and 6 blended (with lines of other species) GaV lines in the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) spectrum of RE0503-289. The identification of GaIV and GaVI lines is uncertain because they are weak and partly blended by other lines. The determined Ga abundance is 3.5±0.5x10–5 (mass fraction, about 625 times the solar value). The GaIV/GaV ionization equilibrium, which is a very sensitive indicator for the effective temperature, is well reproduced in RE0503-289. We identified the strongest GaIV lines (at 1258.801, 1338.129Å) in the HST/STIS spectrum of G191-B2B and measured a Ga abundance of 2.0±0.5x10–6 (about 22 times solar). Reliable measurements and calculations of atomic data are a prerequisite for stellar-atmosphere modeling. The observed GaIV-V line profiles in two white dwarf (G191-B2B and RE0503-289 ultraviolet spectra were well reproduced with our newly calculated oscillator strengths. For the first time, this allowed us to determine the photospheric Ga abundance in white dwarfs.