Query : 2015A&A...577A.122J

2015A&A...577A.122J - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 577A, 122-122 (2015/5-1)

Colliding winds in low-mass binary star systems: wind interactions and implications for habitable planets.


Abstract (from CDS):

In binary star systems, the winds from the two components impact each other, leading to strong shocks and regions of enhanced density and temperature. Potentially habitable circumbinary planets must continually be exposed to these interaction regions. We study, for the first time, the interactions between winds from low-mass stars in a binary system to show the wind conditions seen by potentially habitable circumbinary planets. We use the advanced 3D numerical hydrodynamic code Nurgush to model the wind interactions of two identical winds from two solar mass stars with circular orbits and a binary separation of 0.5AU. As input into this model, we use a 1D hydrodynamic simulation of the solar wind, run using the Versatile Advection Code. We derive the locations of stable and habitable orbits in this system to explore what wind conditions potentially habitable planets will be exposed to during their orbits. Our wind interaction simulations result in the formation of two strong shock waves separated by a region of enhanced density and temperature. The wind-wind interaction region has a spiral shape due to Coriolis forces generated by the orbital motions of the two stars. The stable and habitable zone in this system extends from ∼1.4AU to ∼2.4AU. Habitable planets have to pass through strong shock waves several times per orbit and spend a significant amount of time embedded in the higher density matter between the shocks. The enhanced density in the wind-wind interaction region is likely to lead to a 20% decrease in the size of a planet's magnetosphere. Our results indicate that wind-wind interactions are likely to influence the magnetospheres and upper atmospheres of circumbinary planets and could have moderate implications for the development of habitable planetary environments.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): hydrodynamics - stars: mass-loss - planet-star interactions - binaries: general - stars: low-mass - stars: winds, outflows

Simbad objects: 4

goto Full paper

goto View the references in ADS

Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 MR 80 WR* 18 02 04.1244400656 -23 37 42.168277056   15.002 13.155 12.056   WC9 219 1
2 HD 193793 WR* 20 20 27.9757908696 +43 51 16.286840244 6.90 7.25 6.85 4.58   WC7pd+O5.5fc 687 1
3 EM* AS 431 WR* 20 36 43.6322747712 +40 21 07.442607924     13.73 12.51   WN8(h)+B0.5V 215 0
4 V* Z And Sy* 23 33 39.9553225728 +48 49 05.974867308 8.86 9.35 8.00     M2III+B1eq 516 0

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2015A&A...577A.122J and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact