2015A&A...578A..95I


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2019.12.09CET17:27:33

2015A&A...578A..95I - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 578A, 95-95 (2015/6-1)

Neutral carbon and CO in 76 (U)LIRGs and starburst galaxy centers. A method to determine molecular gas properties in luminous galaxies.

ISRAEL F.P., ROSENBERG M.J.F. and VAN DER WERF P.

Abstract (from CDS):

In this paper we present fluxes in the [CI] lines of neutral carbon at the centers of some 76 galaxies with far-infrared luminosities ranging from 109 to 1012L, as obtained with the Herschel Space Observatory and ground-based facilities, along with the line fluxes of the J=7-6, J=4-3, J=2-1 12CO, and J=2-1 13CO transitions. With this dataset, we determine the behavior of the observed lines with respect to each other and then investigate whether they can be used to characterize the molecular interstellar medium (ISM) of the parent galaxies in simple ways and how the molecular gas properties define the model results. In most starburst galaxies, the [CI] to 13CO line flux ratio is much higher than in Galactic star-forming regions, and it is correlated to the total far-infrared luminosity. The [CI] (1-0)/12CO (4-3), the [CI] (2-1)/12CO (7-6), and the [CI] (2-1)/(1-0) flux ratios are correlated, and they trace the excitation of the molecular gas. In the most luminous infrared galaxies (LIRGs), the ISM is fully dominated by dense (n(H2)=104-105cm–3) and moderately warm (Tkin≃30K) gas clouds that appear to have low [C°]/[CO] and [13CO]/[12CO] abundances. In less luminous galaxies, emission from gas clouds at lower densities becomes progressively more important, and a multiple-phase analysis is required to determine consistent physical characteristics. Neither the 12CO nor the [CI] velocity-integrated line fluxes are good predictors of molecular hydrogen column densities in individual galaxies. In particular, so-called X([CI]) conversion factors are not superior to X(12CO) factors. The methods and diagnostic diagrams outlined in this paper also provide a new and relatively straightforward means of deriving the physical characteristics of molecular gas in high-redshift galaxies up to z=5, which are otherwise hard to determine.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): surveys - ISM: abundances - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: starburst - galaxies: nuclei - ISM: molecules

Simbad objects: 81

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Number of rows : 81

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NGC 34 Sy2 00 11 06.612 -12 06 28.33   14.14 13.52     ~ 303 0
2 IC 10 G 00 20 23.16 +59 17 34.7   13.6 9.5     ~ 983 0
3 NGC 253 SyG 00 47 33.134 -25 17 19.68   8.03   6.94 8.1 ~ 2868 2
4 NGC 278 H2G 00 52 04.3422973787 +47 33 01.649350749   10.5       ~ 215 1
5 MCG+12-02-001 G 00 54 03.943 +73 05 05.23   16       ~ 85 1
6 IC 1623 IG 01 07 47.2 -17 30 25   15       ~ 254 1
7 NGC 660 LIN 01 43 02.350 +13 38 44.45   12.02 11.16     ~ 501 2
8 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1493 2
9 UGCA 39 GiG 02 41 55.092 +59 36 14.73   16       ~ 317 1
10 M 77 GiP 02 42 40.771 -00 00 47.84 9.70 9.61 8.87 10.1 9.9 ~ 3998 2
11 NGC 1056 Sy2 02 42 48.287 +28 34 27.36   13.5       ~ 139 0
12 3C 84 Sy2 03 19 48.1597607660 +41 30 42.114155434   13.10 12.48 11.09   ~ 3468 3
13 NGC 1365 Sy1 03 33 36.458 -36 08 26.37 10.48 10.08 9.63 8.79 9.7 ~ 1480 2
14 IC 342 SBG 03 46 48.514 +68 05 45.98   10.5       ~ 1364 1
15 NGC 1482 GiP 03 54 38.928 -20 30 08.82 13.15 13.14 12.15 11.29   ~ 247 2
16 NGC 1614 AGN 04 34 00.027 -08 34 44.57   14.66 13.99     ~ 594 0
17 2MASX J05210136-2521450 Sy2 05 21 01.3987198411 -25 21 45.269338983   15.47 14.75     ~ 420 0
18 NGC 2146 SBG 06 18 37.710 +78 21 25.27 11.67 11.38 10.59     ~ 604 2
19 ESO 495-21 bCG 08 36 15.190 -26 24 33.66 12.04 11.93 11.45 11.09 12.3 ~ 484 3
20 NGC 2623 LIN 08 38 24.016 +25 45 16.29 14.10 13.99 13.36     ~ 428 1
21 2MASX J09041268-3627007 G 09 04 12.689 -36 27 00.76           ~ 64 0
22 NGC 2798 GiP 09 17 22.954 +41 59 58.96 13.03 13.04 12.32     ~ 284 3
23 UGC 5101 Sy1 09 35 51.694 +61 21 10.52   15.20 15.50     ~ 500 4
24 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5236 6
25 NGC 3079 Sy2 10 01 57.80342 +55 40 47.2428 11.57 11.54 10.86     ~ 1221 3
26 NGC 3227 GiP 10 23 30.57 +19 51 54.3   12.61 11.79     ~ 1496 2
27 NGC 3256 IG 10 27 51.284 -43 54 13.55   11.83 11.33 10.62 11.9 ~ 735 2
28 NGC 3521 LSB 11 05 48.5676206040 -00 02 09.228156576 10.06 9.83 9.02 10.1 9.6 ~ 676 2
29 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1124 4
30 NGC 3628 GiP 11 20 17.018 +13 35 22.16   10.42 9.48 9.22   ~ 736 3
31 IC 694 G 11 28 27.312 +58 34 42.29   18.2       ~ 232 2
32 APG 299C G 11 28 30.63 +58 33 49.0           ~ 24 0
33 NAME NGC 3690 West GiP 11 28 30.69 +58 33 33.4   11.8       ~ 604 4
34 NGC 3690 IG 11 28 31.326 +58 33 41.80   13.19 12.86     ~ 870 4
35 NAME NGC 3690 East AGN 11 28 33.07 +58 33 54.2   11.8       ~ 609 4
36 ESO 320-30 H2G 11 53 11.722 -39 07 48.72   13.30   11.86   ~ 146 1
37 NGC 3982 Sy1 11 56 28.169 +55 07 31.30   12.20 11.70 11.18   ~ 475 1
38 NGC 4038 GiP 12 01 53.002 -18 52 03.32   10.91   9.74 11.0 ~ 1265 1
39 NGC 4039 GiP 12 01 53.8 -18 53 06   11.08   9.77   ~ 1124 1
40 NGC 4051 Sy1 12 03 09.6098828919 +44 31 52.693714606   11.08 12.92 9.94   ~ 1956 1
41 NGC 4151 Sy1 12 10 32.5771747733 +39 24 21.057727323   12.18 11.48     ~ 3314 2
42 M 99 H2G 12 18 49.625 +14 24 59.36 10.45 10.44 9.87     ~ 740 2
43 M 100 AGN 12 22 54.9318850854 +15 49 20.294302163 10.04 10.05 9.35     ~ 1620 2
44 NGC 4388 Sy2 12 25 46.820 +12 39 43.45 11.91 11.76 11.02     ~ 1155 2
45 NGC 4355 Sy2 12 26 54.628 -00 52 39.51   14.21 13.37     ~ 388 2
46 NGC 4536 GiP 12 34 27.129 +02 11 16.37 11.14 11.16 10.55 17.393   ~ 733 3
47 IC 3639 Sy2 12 40 52.8357581136 -36 45 21.046225445   13.01 13.50 11.87 12.7 ~ 223 1
48 NGC 4631 GiP 12 42 08.009 +32 32 29.44   9.78 9.19 9.10   ~ 944 2
49 M 94 SyG 12 50 53.148 +41 07 12.55 9.15 8.96 8.24 7.78   ~ 1184 3
50 Mrk 231 Sy1 12 56 14.2340989340 +56 52 25.238555193   14.68 13.84     ~ 1742 3
51 M 64 SyG 12 56 43.696 +21 40 57.57   9.36 8.52     ~ 791 2
52 NGC 4945 Sy2 13 05 27.279 -49 28 04.44   9.31 14.40 7.55   ~ 1231 2
53 2MASX J13150638-5509225 Sy2 13 15 06.383 -55 09 22.60   17.3       ~ 99 0
54 M 63 LIN 13 15 49.2738527699 +42 01 45.726078017   9.34 8.59 8.35   ~ 1025 2
55 IC 883 SBG 13 20 35.380 +34 08 21.84   14.8       ~ 362 1
56 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.61509104 -43 01 08.8056025   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 3904 3
57 NGC 5135 Sy2 13 25 44.059 -29 50 01.24   12.58 13.35 11.53 12.2 ~ 415 1
58 ESO 173-15 G 13 27 23.774 -57 29 22.14   14.9   14.3 13.7 ~ 58 1
59 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 3696 4
60 M 83 SBG 13 37 00.919 -29 51 56.74 8.85 8.11 7.52 7.21   ~ 2168 2
61 Mrk 273 Sy2 13 44 42.070 +55 53 13.17   15.68 14.91     ~ 814 3
62 NAME Circinus Galaxy Sy2 14 13 09.906 -65 20 20.47   10.89 9.84 10.6 10.0 ~ 971 2
63 NGC 5713 GiP 14 40 11.528 -00 17 21.16 11.88 11.84 11.20     ~ 338 2
64 Z 49-57 GiC 15 13 13.1 +07 13 32   15.5       ~ 204 1
65 IC 4553 SyG 15 34 57.22396 +23 30 11.6084   14.76 13.88     ~ 2629 4
66 NGC 6090 PaG 16 11 40.3 +52 27 21   14.0       ~ 392 2
67 NGC 6240 Sy2 16 52 58.861 +02 24 03.55   14.31 13.37     ~ 1450 2
68 6dFGS gJ172322.0-001701 LIN 17 23 21.943 -00 17 00.96   15.1       ~ 368 0
69 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3293 3
70 IC 4687 AGN 18 13 39.829 -57 43 31.25   14.35 14.3 12.78   ~ 114 1
71 2MASX J18324117-3411274 EmG 18 32 41.177 -34 11 27.46   15.63   13.66   ~ 98 0
72 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2188 2
73 NGC 7130 AGN 21 48 19.490 -34 57 04.73   12.86 13.87 11.57   ~ 375 0
74 NGC 7172 Sy2 22 02 01.897 -31 52 11.60   12.72 13.61 11.15   ~ 456 1
75 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.102 +34 24 57.31 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1086 2
76 NGC 7469 Sy1 23 03 15.674 +08 52 25.28 12.60 13.00 12.34     ~ 1848 3
77 NGC 7552 GiP 23 16 10.767 -42 35 05.39 11.34 11.22 10.57 10.08 11.1 ~ 491 3
78 NGC 7582 GiP 23 18 23.621 -42 22 14.06 11.62 10.92 10.62     ~ 778 2
79 NGC 7771 GiG 23 51 24.880 +20 06 42.57 13.42 13.08 12.25     ~ 307 4
80 Mrk 331 GiP 23 51 26.731 +20 35 10.22   14.9       ~ 210 0
81 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 6698 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2019.12.09-17:27:33

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