Query : 2015A&A...578A..98P

2015A&A...578A..98P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 578A, 98-98 (2015/6-1)

Circumstellar disks revealed by H/K flux variation gradients.


Abstract (from CDS):

The variability of young stellar objects (YSO) changes their brightness and color preventing a proper classification in traditional color-color and color magnitude diagrams. We have explored the feasibility of the flux variation gradient (FVG) method for YSOs, using H and K band monitoring data of the star forming region RCW38 obtained at the University Observatory Bochum in Chile. Simultaneous multi-epoch flux measurements follow a linear relation FH=α+β. FK for almost all YSOs with large variability amplitude. The slope β gives the mean HK color temperature Tvar of the varying component. Because Tvar is hotter than the dust sublimation temperature, we have tentatively assigned it to stellar variations. If the gradient does not meet the origin of the flux-flux diagram, an additional non- or less-varying component may be required. If the variability amplitude is larger at the shorter wavelength, e.g. α<0, this component is cooler than the star (e.g. a circumstellar disk); vice versa, if α>0, the component is hotter like a scattering halo or even a companion star. We here present examples of two YSOs, where the HK FVG implies the presence of a circumstellar disk; this finding is consistent with additional data at J and L. One YSO shows a clear K-band excess in the JHK color-color diagram, while the significance of a K-excess in the other YSO depends on the measurement epoch. Disentangling the contributions of star and disk it turns out that the two YSOs have huge variability amplitudes (∼3-5mag). The HK FVG analysis is a powerful complementary tool to analyze the varying components of YSOs and worth further exploration of monitoring data at other wavelengths.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: formation - circumstellar matter - stars: individual: RCW38 - stars: variables: general

Simbad objects: 7

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Number of rows : 7
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 V* XZ Tau Or* 04 31 40.0868968022 +18 13 56.642439056     10.40 13.12   M2e+M2e 429 1
2 NGC 2264 OpC 06 40 52 +09 52.6           ~ 1703 0
3 RCW 38 SFR 08 59 05.50 -47 30 39.4           ~ 294 2
4 2MASS J08590708-4731499 Y*O 08 59 07.086 -47 31 49.93           ~ 4 0
5 2MASS J08591359-4733087 Y*O 08 59 13.594 -47 33 08.73           ~ 3 0
6 NGC 6618 OpC 18 20 47 -16 10.3           ~ 1562 0
7 IC 1396 OpC 21 38 59 +57 30.8           ~ 467 1

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