2015A&A...580A..13P


Query : 2015A&A...580A..13P

2015A&A...580A..13P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 580A, 13-13 (2015/8-1)

Planck intermediate results. XXIII. Galactic plane emission components derived from Planck with ancillary data.

PLANCK COLLABORATION, ADE P.A.R., AGHANIM N., ALVES M.I.R., ARNAUD M., ASHDOWN M., ATRIO-BARANDELA F., AUMONT J., BACCIGALUPI C., BANDAY A.J., BARREIRO R.B., BATTANER E., BENABED K., BENOIT-LEVY A., BERNARD J.-P., BERSANELLI M., BIELEWICZ P., BOBIN J., BONALDI A., BOND J.R., BOUCHET F.R., BOULANGER F., BURIGANA C., CARDOSO J.-F., CATALANO A., CHAMBALLU A., CHIANG H.C., CHRISTENSEN P.R., CLEMENTS D.L., COLOMBI S., COLOMBO L.P.L., COMBET C., COUCHOT F., CRILL B.P., CUTTAIA F., DANESE L., DAVIES R.D., DAVIS R.J., DE BERNARDIS P., DE ROSA A., DE ZOTTI G., DELABROUILLE J., DICKINSON C., DIEGO J.M., DONZELLI S., DORE O., DOUSPIS M., DUPAC X., EFSTATHIOU G., ENSSLIN T.A., ERIKSEN H.K., FINELLI F., FORNI O., FRAILIS M., FRANCESCHI E., GALEOTTA S., GANGA K., GENOVA-SANTOS R.T., GHOSH T., GIARD M., GIARDINO G., GIRAUD-HERAUD Y., GONZALEZ-NUEVO J., GORSKI K.M., GREGORIO A., GRUPPUSO A., HANSEN F.K., HARRISON D.L., HENROT-VERSILLE S., HERRANZ D., HILDEBRANDT S.R., HIVON E., HOBSON M., HORNSTRUP A., HOVEST W., HUFFENBERGER K.M., JAFFE A.H., JAFFE T.R., JONES W.C., KEIHANEN E., KESKITALO R., KISNER T.S., KNEISSL R., KNOCHE J., KUNZ M., KURKI-SUONIO H., LAGACHE G., LAHTEENMAKI A., LAMARRE J.-M., LASENBY A., LAWRENCE C.R., LEONARDI R., LIGUORI M., LILJE P.B., LINDEN-VORNLE M., LOPEZ-CANIEGO M., LUBIN P.M., MACIAS-PEREZ J.F., MAINO D., MANDOLESI N., MARTIN P.G., MARTINEZ-GONZALEZ E., MASI S., MASSARDI M., MATARRESE S., MAZZOTTA P., MEINHOLD P.R., MELCHIORRI A., MENDES L., MENNELLA A., MIGLIACCIO M., MITRA S., MIVILLE-DESCHENES M.-A., MONETI A., MONTIER L., MORGANTE G., MORTLOCK D., MUNSHI D., MURPHY J.A., NASELSKY P., NATI F., NATOLI P., NORGAARD-NIELSEN H.U., NOVIELLO F., NOVIKOV D., NOVIKOV I., OXBORROW C.A., PAGANO L., PAJOT F., PALADINI R., PAOLETTI D., PASIAN F., PEARSON T.J., PEEL M., PERDEREAU O., PERROTTA F., PIACENTINI F., PIAT M., PIERPAOLI E., PIETROBON D., PLASZCZYNSKI S., POINTECOUTEAU E., POLENTA G., PONTHIEU N., POPA L., PRATT G.W., PRUNET S., PUGET J.-L., RACHEN J.P., REACH W.T., REBOLO R., REICH W., REINECKE M., REMAZEILLES M., RENAULT C., RICCIARDI S., RILLER T., RISTORCELLI I., ROCHA G., ROSSET C., ROUDIER G., RUBINO-MARTIN J.A., RUSHOLME B., SANDRI M., SAVINI G., SCOTT D., SPENCER L.D., STOLYAROV V., STRONG A.W., SUTTON D., SUUR-USKI A.-S., SYGNET J.-F., TAUBER J.A., TAVAGNACCO D., TERENZI L., TIBBS C.T., TOFFOLATTI L., TOMASI M., TRISTRAM M., TUCCI M., VALENZIANO L., VALIVIITA J., VAN TENT B., VARIS J., VIELVA P., VILLA F., WADE L.A., WANDELT B.D., WATSON R., YVON D., ZACCHEI A. and ZONCA A.

Abstract (from CDS):

Planck data when combined with ancillary data provide a unique opportunity to separate the diffuse emission components of the inner Galaxy. The purpose of the paper is to elucidate the morphology of the various emission components in the strong star-formation region lying inside the solar radius and to clarify the relationship between the various components. The region of the Galactic plane covered is l=300°->0°->60° where star-formation is highest and the emission is strong enough to make meaningful component separation. The latitude widths in this longitude range lie between 1° and 2°, which correspond to FWHM z-widths of 100-200pc at a typical distance of 6kpc. The four emission components studied here are synchrotron, free-free, anomalous microwave emission (AME), and thermal (vibrational) dust emission. These components are identified by constructing spectral energy distributions (SEDs) at positions along the Galactic plane using the wide frequency coverage of Planck (28.4-857GHz) in combination with low-frequency radio data at 0.408-2.3GHz plus WMAP data at 23-94GHz, along with far-infrared (FIR) data from DIRBE and IRAS. The free-free component is determined from radio recombination line (RRL) data. AME is found to be comparable in brightness to the free-free emission on the Galactic plane in the frequency range 20-40GHz with a width in latitude similar to that of the thermal dust; it comprises 45±1% of the total 28.4GHz emission in the longitude range l=300°->0°->60°. The free-free component is the narrowest, reflecting the fact that it is produced by current star-formation as traced by the narrow distribution of OB stars. It is the dominant emission on the plane between 60 and 100GHz. RRLs from this ionized gas are used to assess its distance, leading to a free-free z-width of FWHM≈100pc. The narrow synchrotron component has a low-frequency brightness spectral index βsynch≈-2.7 that is similar to the broad synchrotron component indicating that they are both populated by the cosmic ray electrons of the same spectral index. The width of this narrow synchrotron component is significantly larger than that of the other three components, suggesting that it is generated in an assembly of older supernova remnants that have expanded to sizes of order 150pc in 3x105yr; pulsars of a similar age have a similar spread in latitude. The thermal dust is identified in the SEDs with average parameters of Tdust=20.4±0.4K, βFIR=1.94±0.03 (>353GHz), and βmm=1.67±0.02 (<353GHz). The latitude distributions of gamma-rays, CO, and the emission in high-frequency Planck bands have similar widths, showing that they are all indicators of the total gaseous matter on the plane in the inner Galaxy.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): ISM: general - Galaxy: general - radiation mechanisms: general - radio continuum: ISM - submillimeter: ISM - Galaxy: disk

Simbad objects: 12

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Number of rows : 12
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NAME Perseus Cloud SFR 03 35.0 +31 13           ~ 1171 0
2 M 1 SNR 05 34 31.94 +22 00 52.2           ~ 5814 4
3 NAME GUM Nebula ISM 07 43 -42.1           ~ 399 1
4 NAME Car Arm PoG 10 00 -60.0           ~ 401 1
5 NAME Car-Sgr Arm PoG 15 00 -40.0           ~ 455 1
6 NAME Galactic Center gam 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 12565 0
7 W 49b SNR 19 11 09.000 +09 06 24.00           ~ 421 1
8 NAME Cyg X Cld 20 28 41 +41 10.2           ~ 689 1
9 NAME Cas A SNR 23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00     14.30     ~ 2544 1
10 NAME Gould Belt PoG ~ ~           ~ 779 1
11 NAME Scutum Spiral Arm PoG ~ ~           ~ 306 0
12 NAME Ori Arm PoG ~ ~           ~ 186 0

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2021.12.07-22:34:54

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