2015A&A...581A..32W


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.13CEST08:03:01

2015A&A...581A..32W - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 581A, 32-32 (2015/9-1)

First 230GHz VLBI fringes on 3C 279 using the APEX Telescope.

WAGNER J., ROY A.L., KRICHBAUM T.P., ALEF W., BANSOD A., BERTARINI A., GUESTEN R., GRAHAM D., HODGSON J., MARTENS R., MENTEN K., MUDERS D., ROTTMANN H., TUCCARI G., WEISS A., WIECHING G., WUNDERLICH M., ZENSUS J.A., ARANEDA J.P., ARRIAGADA O., CANTZLER M., DURAN C., MONTENEGRO-MONTES F.M., OLIVARES R., CARO P., BERGMAN P., CONWAY J., HAAS R., JOHANSSON J., LINDQVIST M., OLOFSSON H., PANTALEEV M., BUTTACCIO S., CAPPALLO R., CREW G., DOELEMAN S., FISH V., LU R.-S., RUSZCZYK C., SOOHOO J., TITUS M., FREUND R., MARRONE D., STRITTMATTER P., ZIURYS L., BLUNDELL R., PRIMIANI R., WEINTROUB J., YOUNG K., BREMER M., SANCHEZ S., MARSCHER A.P., CHILSON R., ASADA K. and INOUE M.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report about a 230GHz very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) fringe finder observation of blazar 3C 279 with the APEX telescope in Chile, the phased submillimeter array (SMA), and the SMT of the Arizona Radio Observatory (ARO). We installed VLBI equipment and measured the APEX station position to 1cm accuracy (1σ). We then observed 3C 279 on 2012 May 7 in a 5h 230GHz VLBI track with baseline lengths of 2800Mλ to 7200Mλ and a finest fringe spacing of 28.6µas. Fringes were detected on all baselines with signal-to-noise ratios of 12 to 55 in 420s. The correlated flux density on the longest baseline was ∼0.3Jy/beam, out of a total flux density of 19.8Jy. Visibility data suggest an emission region ≲ 38µas in size, and at least two components, possibly polarized. We find a lower limit of the brightness temperature of the inner jet region of about 1010K. Lastly, we find an upper limit of 20% on the linear polarization fraction at a fringe spacing of ∼38µas. With APEX the angular resolution of 230GHz VLBI improves to 28.6µas. This allows one to resolve the last-photon ring around the Galactic Center black hole event horizon, expected to be 40µas in diameter, and probe radio jet launching at unprecedented resolution, down to a few gravitational radii in galaxies like M 87. To probe the structure in the inner parsecs of 3C 279 in detail, follow-up observations with APEX and five other mm-VLBI stations have been conducted (March 2013) and are being analyzed.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: 3C 279 - galaxies: jets - instrumentation: high angular resolution - telescopes

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6213 3
2 3C 279 QSO 12 56 11.1664521013 -05 47 21.531840471   18.01 17.75 15.87   ~ 2704 2
3 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3452 3
4 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11542 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.13-08:03:01

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