2015A&A...581A.109B


Query : 2015A&A...581A.109B

2015A&A...581A.109B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 581A, 109-109 (2015/9-1)

Time variations of narrow absorption lines in high resolution quasar spectra.

BOISSE P., BERGERON J., PROCHASKA J.X., PEROUX C. and YORK D.G.

Abstract (from CDS):

We have searched for temporal variations of narrow absorption lines in high resolution quasar spectra. A sample of five distant sources were assembled, for which two spectra are available, either VLT/UVES or Keck/HIRES, which were taken several years apart. We first investigate under which conditions variations in absorption line profiles can be detected reliably from high resolution spectra and discuss the implications of changes in terms of small-scale structure within the intervening gas or intrinsic origin. The targets selected allow us to investigate the time behaviour of a broad variety of absorption line systems by sampling diverse environments: the vicinity of active nuclei, galaxy halos, molecular-rich galaxy disks associated with damped Lyα systems, as well as neutral gas within our own Galaxy. Intervening absorption lines from Mgii, Feii, or proxy species with lines of lower opacity tracing the same kind of (moderately ionised) gas appear in general to be remarkably stable (1σ upper limits as low as 10% for some components on scales in the range 10-100 au), even for systems at zabs≃ze. Marginal variations are observed for Mgii lines towards PKS 1229-021 at zabs=0.83032; however, we detect no systems that display any change as large as those reported in low resolution SDSS spectra. The lack of clear variations for low β Mgii systems does not support the existence of a specific population of absorbers made of swept-up gas towards blazars. In neutral or diffuse molecular media, clear changes are seen for Galactic Nai lines towards PKS 1229-02 (decrease in N by a factor of four for one of the five components over 9.7yr), corresponding to structure on a scale of about 35 au, in good agreement with known properties of the Galactic interstellar medium. Tentative variations are detected for H2 J=3 lines towards FBQS J2340-0053 at zabs=2.05454 (≃35% change in column density, N, over 0.7yr in the rest frame), suggesting there is structure at the 10 au-scale for this warm molecular gas. A marginal change is also seen in CI from another velocity component of the same absorption system (≃70% variation in N(CI)).

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): quasars: absorption lines - ISM: structure

Simbad objects: 11

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Number of rows : 11
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 QSO B0235+1624 BLL 02 38 38.93010450 +16 36 59.2745528   16.46 15.50 15.92   ~ 1557 2
2 4C -02.19 QSO 05 01 12.80988538 -01 59 14.2564557   19.1 18.06 19.04   ~ 592 1
3 V* AE Aur Or* 05 16 18.1493304816 +34 18 44.344404000 5.48 6.18 5.96     O9.5V 564 1
4 QSO J0831+5245 QSO 08 31 41.7108197808 +52 45 17.616994560   19.2   14.5 13.9 ~ 555 1
5 QSO J1130-1449 Bla 11 30 07.0523452128 -14 49 27.388021944   17.17 16.90 16 16.97 ~ 713 1
6 4C -02.55 QSO 12 32 00.0159535440 -02 24 04.793069304   17.41 17.06 16.4   ~ 434 1
7 QSO B1741-038 QSO 17 43 58.85613537 -03 50 04.6167326     20.40 17.98   ~ 553 1
8 QSO J2240+0321 QSO 22 40 30.234 +03 21 30.63           ~ 677 1
9 Z 378-15 G 22 40 30.23447 +03 21 30.6290           ~ 632 0
10 HD 219188 * 23 14 00.5157239400 +04 59 49.566134112   6.90 7.06     K0III 162 0
11 QSO J2340-0053 QSO 23 40 23.6700032496 -00 53 27.001299696   18.26 17.93     ~ 103 1

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