Query : 2015A&A...582A.112B

2015A&A...582A.112B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 582A, 112-112 (2015/10-1)

The growth of planets by pebble accretion in evolving protoplanetary discs.


Abstract (from CDS):

The formation of planets depends on the underlying protoplanetary disc structure, which in turn influences both the accretion and migration rates of embedded planets. The disc itself evolves on time scales of several Myr, during which both temperature and density profiles change as matter accretes onto the central star. Here we used a detailed model of an evolving disc to determine the growth of planets by pebble accretion and their migration through the disc. Cores that reach their pebble isolation mass accrete gas to finally form giant planets with extensive gas envelopes, while planets that do not reach pebble isolation mass are stranded as ice giants and ice planets containing only minor amounts of gas in their envelopes. Unlike earlier population synthesis models, our model works without any artificial reductions in migration speed and for protoplanetary discs with gas and dust column densities similar to those inferred from observations. We find that in our nominal disc model, the emergence of planetary embryos preferably should occur after approximately 2Myr in order to not exclusively form gas giants, but also ice giants and smaller planets. The high pebble accretion rates ensure that critical core masses for gas accretion can be reached at all orbital distances. Gas giant planets nevertheless experience significant reduction in semi-major axes by migration. Considering instead planetesimal accretion for planetary growth, we show that formation time scales are too long to compete with the migration time scales and the dissipation time of the protoplanetary disc. All in all, we find that pebble accretion overcomes many of the challenges in the formation of ice and gas giants in evolving protoplanetary discs.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - planets and satellites: formation - protoplanetary disks - planet-disk interactions

Errata: erratum vol. 609, art. C2 (2018)

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 NAME Taurus Cluster Cl* 06 10.1 +09 05           ~ 68 0
2 CoRoT-13b Pl 06 50 53.0726687117 -05 05 11.190142526           ~ 31 1
3 CoRoT-14b Pl 06 53 41.8086658726 -05 32 09.682886897           ~ 33 1
4 CoRoT-17b Pl 18 34 47.8213622401 -06 36 44.111908316           ~ 25 1
5 CoRoT-23b Pl 18 39 07.8405532613 +04 21 28.034647444           ~ 20 1

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