Query : 2015A&A...584L...6R

2015A&A...584L...6R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 584, L6-6 (2015/12-1)

High-velocity gas toward the LMC resides in the Milky Way halo.


Abstract (from CDS):

To explore the origin of high-velocity gas in the direction of the Large Magellanic Cloud, (LMC) we analyze absorption lines in the ultraviolet spectrum of a Galactic halo star that is located in front of the LMC at d=9.2+4.1–7.2kpc distance. We study the velocity-component structure of low and intermediate metal ions (CII, SiII, SiIII) in the spectrum of RXJ0439.8-6809, as obtained with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) onboard the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), and measure equivalent widths and column densities for these ions. We supplement our COS data with a Far-Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) spectrum of the nearby LMC star Sk-6959 and with Hi 21cm data from the Leiden-Argentina-Bonn (LAB) survey. Metal absorption toward RXJ0439.8-6809 is unambiguously detected in three different velocity components near vLSR=0,+60, and +150km/s. The presence of absorption proves that all three gas components are situated in front of the star, thus located in the disk and inner halo of the Milky Way. For the high-velocity cloud (HVC) at vLSR=+150km/s, we derive an oxygen abundance of [O/H]=-0.63 (∼0.2-solar) from the neighboring Sk-6959 sight line, in accordance with previous abundance measurements for this HVC. From the observed kinematics we infer that the HVC hardly participates in the Galactic rotation. Our study shows that the HVC toward the LMC represents a Milky Way halo cloud that traces low column density gas with relatively low metallicity. We rule out scenarios in which the HVC represents material close to the LMC that stems from a LMC outflow.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: halo - Galaxy: evolution - ISM: abundances - ISM: structure

Simbad objects: 9

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Number of rows : 9
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 NAME Magellanic Stream HVC 00 32 -30.0           ~ 916 1
2 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 6487 1
3 1ES 0439-68.2 CV* 04 39 49.64 -68 09 01.4   21.5 21.7     Ss 62 0
4 HD 268960 * 05 03 12.6982527768 -69 01 37.040851884 11.218 12.01 12.166   12.443 O(f)+B1I? 18 0
5 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 16388 1
6 NAME HVC Complex A HVC 08 36 +64.4           ~ 126 0
7 NAME HVC Complex C HVC 16 34.8 +63 07           ~ 243 1
8 NAME Gal Center Positive HVC 20 51.2 +01 41           ~ 88 1
9 NAME Cohen Stream HI ~ ~           ~ 20 1

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