Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 586A, 106-106 (2016/2-1)
VUV spectroscopy of carbon dust analogs: contribution to interstellar extinction.
GAVILAN L., ALATA I., LE K.C., PINO T., GIULIANI A. and DARTOIS E.
Abstract (from CDS):
A full spectral characterization of carbonaceous dust analogs is necessary to understand their potential as carriers of observed astronomical spectral signatures such as the ubiquitous UV bump at 217.5nm and the far-ultraviolet (FUV) rise common to interstellar extinction curves. Our goal is to study the spectral properties of carbonaceous dust analogs from the FUV to the mid-infrared (MIR) domain. We seek in particular to understand the spectra of these materials in the FUV range, for which laboratory studies are scarce. We produced analogs to carbonaceous interstellar dust encountered in various phases of the interstellar medium: amorphous hydrogenated carbons (a-C:H), for carbonaceous dust observed in the diffuse interstellar medium, and soot particles, for the polyaromatic component. Analogs to a-C:H dust were produced using a radio-frequency plasma reactor at low pressures, and soot nanoparticles films were produced in an ethylene (C2H4) flame. We measured transmission spectra of these thin films (thickness <100nm) in the far-ultraviolet (190-250nm) and in the vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV; 50-190nm) regions using the APEX chamber at the DISCO beam line of the SOLEIL synchrotron radiation facility. These were also characterized through infrared microscopy at the SMIS beam line. We successfully measured the transmission spectra of these analogs from λ=1µm to 50nm. From these, we extracted the laboratory optical constants via Kramers-Kronig inversion. We used these constants for comparison to existing interstellar extinction curves. We extend the spectral measurements of these types of carbonaceous analogs into the VUV and link the spectral features in this range to the 3.4µm band. We suggest that these two materials might contribute to different classes of interstellar extinction curves.
dust, extinction - infrared: ISM - ultraviolet: ISM - methods: laboratory: solid state - galaxies: ISM