2016A&A...593A..38B


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.09CEST07:10:34

2016A&A...593A..38B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 593A, 38-38 (2016/9-1)

SPOTS: The Search for Planets Orbiting Two Stars. II. First constraints on the frequency of sub-stellar companions on wide circumbinary orbits.

BONAVITA M., DESIDERA S., THALMANN C., JANSON M., VIGAN A., CHAUVIN G. and LANNIER J.

Abstract (from CDS):

A large number of direct imaging surveys for exoplanets have been performed in recent years, yielding the first directly imaged planets and providing constraints on the prevalence and distribution of wide planetary systems. However, like most of the radial velocity ones, these generally focus on single stars, hence binaries and higher-order multiples have not been studied to the same level of scrutiny. This motivated the Search for Planets Orbiting Two Stars (SPOTS) survey, which is an ongoing direct imaging study of a large sample of close binaries, started with VLT/NACO and now continuing with VLT/SPHERE. To complement this survey, we have identified the close binary targets in 24 published direct imaging surveys. Here we present our statistical analysis of this combined body of data. We analysed a sample of 117 tight binary systems, using a combined Monte Carlo and Bayesian approach to derive the expected values of the frequency of companions, for different values of the companion's semi-major axis. Our analysis suggest that the frequency of sub-stellar companions in wide orbit is moderately low (=>13% with a best value of 6% at 95% confidence level) and not significantly different between single stars and tight binaries. One implication of this result is that the very high frequency of circumbinary planets in wide orbits around post-common envelope binaries, implied by eclipse timing, cannot be uniquely due to planets formed before the common-envelope phase (first generation planets), supporting instead the second generation planet formation or a non-Keplerian origin of the timing variations.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2016

Journal keyword(s): binaries: visual - binaries: spectroscopic

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/593/A38): tableb1.dat refs.dat>

Simbad objects: 176

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Number of rows : 176

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NAME Tuc Moving Group MGr 00 00 -64.0           ~ 67 0
2 NAME THA As* 00 00 -62.0           ~ 340 0
3 BD-16 20 SB* 00 12 07.6147378813 -15 50 32.908158616   10.52 9.283   8.114 K0IVe 12 0
4 HD 3888 PM* 00 40 51.5775275712 -53 12 35.698381116   7.88 7.37     F7V 24 0
5 HD 4944 SB* 00 50 24.3096143843 -64 04 04.013272315   8.53 7.98     F7V 15 0
6 V* BW Phe Ro* 00 56 55.4578740900 -51 52 31.842227982   10.61 9.053   7.882 K3Ve 31 0
7 SCR J0103-5515C LM* 01 03 35.58 -55 15 54.6           ~ 30 0
8 SCR J0103-5515 ** 01 03 35.655120 -55 15 56.24316   16.99 15.40 14.96 12.09 M5.0 29 0
9 G 132-50 Ro* 01 03 40.1415623637 +40 51 29.156249930       10.360   M0.0V 33 0
10 G 132-51A PM* 01 03 42.0521352188 +40 51 15.947362087   14.66 13.10 13.01 10.5 M2.6V 16 1
11 HD 8049 PM* 01 19 14.8611137526 -43 37 47.429802304   10.09 9.37 9.29   K2V 42 0
12 V* DK Cet Ro* 01 57 48.9776543901 -21 54 05.343324011   8.73 8.057   7.343 G4V 116 1
13 LP 152-39 Ro* 01 58 13.6607701062 +48 44 19.884125769   13.7   12.192   M1.5V 16 0
14 * kap For PM* 02 22 32.6034277561 -23 49 00.487776704   5.802 5.198   4.51 G0V 246 0
15 * s Eri SB* 02 39 47.9654399769 -42 53 30.363788605   4.81 4.75     A1Vb 73 1
16 BD+05 378 Ro* 02 41 25.8882107790 +05 59 18.394803825   11.58 10.271   8.807 K6Ve 92 1
17 HD 16760B PM* 02 42 20.9498980494 +38 37 21.152784842   11.25 10.27     K2V 33 1
18 HD 16760 ** 02 42 21.3071467622 +38 37 07.139224707   9.45 8.76     G2V 68 1
19 HD 17382 BY* 02 48 09.1505304050 +27 04 07.109092260   8.46   7.1   K2 121 0
20 LP 354-414 Fl* 02 48 09.7327873326 +27 04 25.853077357   16.9 16.5 15.75   M5V 25 0
21 CD-28 1030 Fl* 03 07 55.7522689086 -28 13 10.963771909 12.755 11.716 10.291 9.365 8.372 M1Ve 54 1
22 * bet Per Al* 03 08 10.1324535 +40 57 20.328013 1.70 2.07 2.12 2.08 2.11 B8V 1145 2
23 V* AK For EB* 03 29 22.8751821925 -24 06 03.096791542   10.46 9.36     K3VkFe+0.4 34 0
24 2MASS J03363144-2619578 LM* 03 36 31.4549566020 -26 19 57.982824641           M5.5 9 0
25 HD 22705 ** 03 36 53.4042467439 -49 57 28.854992249   8.22 7.62   6.96 G2V 60 0
26 HD 23514B LM* 03 46 38.26 +22 55 09.4           M8 9 0
27 HD 282954 PM* 03 46 38.7740775017 +24 57 34.725395027   10.9 10.27   9.55 ~ 66 1
28 Cl Melotte 22 OpC 03 47 00 +24 07.0           ~ 2978 0
29 UCAC2 40300075 PM* 03 47 18.0604415985 +24 23 26.765965280   13.92 12.81 12.43 11.33 K5V+M8 51 0
30 HD 23863 * 03 49 12.1867524181 +23 53 12.438926254   8.36 8.15   7.88 A7Vn 83 0
31 V* V471 Tau Al* 03 50 24.9664598642 +17 14 47.433240686   10.258 9.373   8.393 K2V+DA 615 0
32 HD 284149 TT* 04 06 38.7980686799 +20 18 11.150823396   10.21 9.63     F8 42 0
33 HD 284149b * 04 06 38.8 +20 18 11           ~ 8 0
34 V* V952 Per TT* 04 15 51.38 +31 00 35.6   13.25 12.36     G6 17 0
35 Cl Melotte 25 OpC 04 26 54.00 +15 52 00.0           ~ 2654 0
36 V* FW Tau Or* 04 29 29.703744 +26 16 53.06412       15.85   M5.5 116 0
37 V* GG Tau Or* 04 32 30.3318954228 +17 31 40.834888327 14.84 14.78 13.40 11.54   M0e+M2.0e 647 1
38 V* V1324 Tau TT* 04 35 56.8363477553 +23 52 05.048150834   15.01 13.57     M1 25 0
39 HD 283750B WD* 04 36 44.8958962446 +27 09 51.523656552   16.46   15.4   DC8 82 1
40 HD 283750 BY* 04 36 48.2413370074 +27 07 55.898311812   9.354   7.4   K2.5Ve 254 2
41 * 51 Eri PM* 04 37 36.1323118067 -02 28 24.778826936   5.486 5.209     F0IV 169 0
42 GJ 3305 TT* 04 37 37.4507041928 -02 29 28.869007822   12.04 10.59   8.59 M1.1V 106 0
43 NAME Taurus Complex SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 3478 0
44 HD 30051 PM* 04 43 17.2029571220 -23 37 42.250373187   7.51 7.11     F2/3IV/V 42 1
45 V* DQ Tau Or* 04 46 53.0577037389 +17 00 00.135310040 14.56 13.67 12.00 13.21   M1Ve 286 0
46 HD 32115 SB* 05 00 39.8076842834 -02 03 57.710120718   6.60 6.32     A9V 63 0
47 LP 476-207 ** 05 01 58.79419 +09 58 59.2855   12.93 11.53 10.33 8.708 M3.5V 100 0
48 CD-35 2213 PM* 05 17 22.9070205099 -35 21 54.639072551   13.26 11.69 10.48 8.91 M4Ve 35 0
49 V* AF Lep RS* 05 27 04.7631691589 -11 54 03.466187467   6.832 6.295     F8V(n)k: 207 0
50 HD 36705C * 05 28 44.83 -65 26 54.9           M8: 58 1
51 HD 36705 TT* 05 28 44.8916324761 -65 26 55.289846904 8.259 7.856 6.999 6.496 5.993 K0V 931 0
52 V* V1311 Ori BY* 05 32 04.4987794799 -03 05 29.543668761   13.37 11.437 11.019 9.153 M1.5V 54 0
53 HD 37065 PM* 05 34 48.6206423487 -23 28 08.339198898   9.74 8.82     K2V 40 0
54 * bet Pic PM* 05 47 17.0876901 -51 03 59.441135 4.13 4.03 3.86 3.74 3.58 A6V 1654 1
55 CD-35 2722B BD* 06 09 19.2082646634 -35 49 31.062882043           L0-1 52 0
56 CD-35 2722 ** 06 09 19.2082646634 -35 49 31.062882043   12.61 11.083 10.682 9.337 M1Ve 60 0
57 NAME Columba Association As* 06 14.0 -40 03           ~ 204 0
58 HD 44627 Ro* 06 19 12.9129838711 -58 03 15.524890610   10.01 9.205   8.185 K1V(e) 137 1
59 HD 44627B BD* 06 19 12.94 -58 03 20.9           L1 110 1
60 Ross 614 Er* 06 29 23.3915175239 -02 48 48.803911021 13.942 12.764 11.071 9.77 8.05 M4.5V 327 0
61 * 26 Gem PM* 06 42 24.3272189 +17 38 43.111835   5.27 5.21     A2V 76 0
62 CPD-52 1153 ** 07 20 21.42374 -52 18 41.4823           ~ 27 0
63 CD-29 4446 Ro* 07 28 51.37140 -30 14 48.5428 12.47 11.376 9.974 8.945 7.885 M1Ve 63 0
64 HD 59704 SB* 07 29 31.4150331734 -38 07 21.587069349   8.26 7.74     F7V 31 0
65 * alf Gem C BY* 07 34 37.4475372002 +31 52 10.181030942 11.60 10.56 9.27 7.69 6.67 M0.5VeFe-2 817 0
66 V* V575 Mon Mi* 07 48 59.1979344684 -11 02 27.749920093           M9 13 0
67 HD 64185 SB* 07 49 12.9368414993 -60 17 01.372973509   6.176 5.771     F4V 52 1
68 UCAC2 5247424 * 07 49 15.3244888847 -60 17 27.185871415     12.7 12.12   ~ 3 1
69 GJ 1108 B SB* 08 08 55.4375651473 +32 49 04.694564105   13.2 11.4     M2.8+M3.3 28 0
70 V* FP Cnc BY* 08 08 56.3488300007 +32 49 11.398792270       9.578   K6V 58 0
71 IC 2391 OpC 08 40 32 -53 02.0           ~ 714 0
72 NAME eta Cha Association MGr 08 42 06 -79 01.6           ~ 306 0
73 V* EM Cha Or* 08 43 07.2443800909 -79 04 52.482213897     10.8     K3 50 0
74 * 9 Cha Al* 08 43 12.1978606956 -79 04 12.366179858   6.28 6.07     A7V 207 0
75 V* EQ Cha Or* 08 47 56.7571398344 -78 54 53.189801719     13.275   10.795 M3 67 0
76 HD 77307A ** 08 58 48.5898539128 -61 15 15.065886399   10.31 9.615 9.84 9.06 ~ 2 0
77 * tet Hya SB* 09 14 21.8663945301 +02 18 51.638194950   3.82   3.9   B9.5V+DA1.6 200 0
78 RX J0917.7+4612 ** 09 17 44.7188829574 +46 12 24.662188525   13.13 11.58 11.16   M1.7V 25 0
79 MCC 549 SB* 09 36 15.9144559897 +37 31 45.514327891   12.75 11.015 10.539   M0.0V 46 0
80 * alf Leo PM* 10 08 22.31099 +11 58 01.9516 0.88 1.24 1.40 1.37 1.47 B8IVn 807 1
81 HD 88215 SB* 10 10 05.8867116081 -12 48 57.321344772   5.644 5.296     F3V 86 0
82 MCC 124 BY* 10 14 19.1632274905 +21 04 29.817290641 12.667 11.451 10.083 9.155 8.250 M0.7V 103 1
83 TWA 22 LXB 10 17 26.8983656044 -53 54 26.459439803   15.69 13.96 13.72   M5 69 0
84 CD-31 8201 SB* 10 22 04.4793843616 -32 33 26.954930657   11.25 10.129   8.872 K0V:e 10 0
85 NAME UMa Region reg 11 00 +50.0           ~ 316 0
86 NAME TW Hya Association As* 11 01.9 -34 42           ~ 819 0
87 CHXR 74 TT* 11 06 57.3104472434 -77 42 10.645175426         13.66 M3Ve 42 0
88 HD 97371 PM* 11 12 44.2787294236 +35 49 48.477537234   8.228 7.205     G9 19 0
89 CD-33 7795B LM* 11 31 55.2500 -34 36 25.200     20.40   15.8 M8.5/9e 118 0
90 CD-33 7795 TT* 11 31 55.2603055856 -34 36 27.214242128   12.97 11.524 11.150 9.150 M2Ve 176 0
91 HD 102982 WU* 11 51 09.0998412972 -51 52 32.517381238   8.98 8.34   7.624 G3V 21 0
92 TWA 23 TT* 12 07 27.3753633293 -32 47 00.253618251   14.157 12.7     M2.5Ve 56 0
93 HD 106906B BD* 12 17 52.61 -55 58 26.6           L2.5 53 0
94 HD 106906 * 12 17 53.1914296570 -55 58 31.890430864   8.95 8.89 8.46   F5V 98 0
95 NAME Lower Centaurus Crux As* 12 19 -57.1           ~ 354 1
96 G 13-33 ** 12 22 50.589048 -04 04 46.17516   15.60 14.11 14.188   M4.5V 15 0
97 CD-74 681 TT* 12 24 47.3521527777 -75 03 09.043717654 12.297 11.543 10.560 9.877 9.275 K3Ve 26 0
98 G 123-35 Fl* 12 29 02.9190111954 +41 43 49.384114691   13.8   12.584   M3.5V 34 0
99 TWA 20 Ro* 12 31 38.0691558062 -45 58 59.456934871   14.10 13.240   10.682 M3IVe 43 0
100 NAME Ursa Major Moving Group MGr 12 32 +57.0           ~ 378 2
101 HD 112131 PM* 12 54 18.6598835788 -11 38 54.853415445   6.051 5.975     A1V 30 0
102 BD+13 2618 Er* 13 00 46.5602816848 +12 22 32.716799085 12.314 11.233 9.750 8.785 7.653 M0V 303 1
103 V* PX Vir BY* 13 03 49.6546871 -05 09 42.517119 9.042 8.555 7.679 7.185 6.721 K1V 109 0
104 HD 113706 * 13 06 27.4046505188 -56 52 44.846514703   9.97 9.35     G0V 12 0
105 UCAC4 396-055485 PM* 13 21 56.3226985914 -10 52 09.960680767   15 13.898 13.704 11.004 M3.5Ve 13 0
106 HD 117524 Ro* 13 31 53.6099047104 -51 13 33.203629611   10.60 9.892   8.984 G8V 37 0
107 NAME beta Pic Moving Group MGr 14 30 -42.0           ~ 557 0
108 HD 130260 SB* 14 48 09.6643395126 -36 47 02.199007098   11.08 9.543   8.313 K3V(e) 17 0
109 HD 135363 ** 15 07 56.2503196449 +76 12 02.714809400       8.1   G5V+M2V-M4V 62 0
110 * alf CrB Al* 15 34 41.26800 +26 42 52.8940 2.19 2.22 2.24 2.21 2.25 A1IV 455 0
111 2MASS J15355780-2324046 TT* 15 35 57.8047816327 -23 24 04.602455044   13.1       K3 25 0
112 HD 139084 Ro* 15 38 57.5579600831 -57 42 27.297738209   8.78 7.977   7.106 K0V 142 0
113 V* NN Ser No* 15 52 56.1202658103 +12 54 44.432043501     16.51     DAO1+M4 232 0
114 HD 142165 SB* 15 53 53.9144819386 -24 31 59.373187650 4.95 5.350 5.372     B5V 120 0
115 * rho Sco SB* 15 56 53.0762391 -29 12 50.661185 2.84 3.66 3.86 3.97 4.17 B2IV-V 186 0
116 V* V1148 Sco BY* 15 57 34.3064663755 -23 21 12.260992495         11.27 M1IVe 32 0
117 HD 142883 Ce* 15 57 40.4640119599 -20 58 59.079892955   5.839 5.836     B3V 130 0
118 HD 142851 * 15 57 59.3443430455 -31 43 44.140895025   6.99 7.02     A0V 33 0
119 * 48 Lib Be* 15 58 11.3686950 -14 16 45.689426 4.61 4.77 4.87 4.91 4.96 B5IIIp_sh 425 0
120 * pi. Sco bL* 15 58 51.1132378 -26 06 50.788602 1.82 2.71 2.91 3.00 3.20 B1V+B2:V: 373 0
121 V* V1154 Sco RS* 16 02 10.453776 -22 41 28.30308   12.46 11.32 10.96   K5+K5 52 0
122 [PGZ2001] J160341.8-200557 pr* 16 03 41.8731238246 -20 05 57.702551758           M2e 22 0
123 RX J1603.9-2031B TT* 16 03 54.9650645285 -20 31 38.560797344   14.0 13.205 12.20 10.932 M0 22 0
124 ScoPMS 27 BY* 16 04 47.7526785430 -19 30 22.916995440   12.43 11.254   9.822 K3IVe 43 0
125 [PGZ2001] J160545.4-202308 pr* 16 05 45.3991568764 -20 23 08.810404042           M2e 26 0
126 HD 144548 Al* 16 07 17.7851617901 -22 03 36.555731668   9.37 8.752   7.868 F7V 44 0
127 TYC 6209-735-1 Ro* 16 08 14.7429576485 -19 08 32.679096036   13.01 11.403   9.962 K2 33 0
128 HD 144823 Ro* 16 08 43.6642854474 -25 22 36.576309923   9.28 8.80     F3V 30 0
129 NAME Upper Sco Association As* 16 12 -23.4           ~ 1021 1
130 * c02 Sco SB* 16 12 18.2048972 -27 55 34.945744 3.66 4.413 4.568     B2V 164 0
131 BD-21 4301 pr* 16 13 18.5820811209 -22 12 49.029867880   11.43 10.432   9.105 K1IV(e) 36 0
132 HD 146069 ** 16 15 09.2806500435 -23 45 35.042483103   10.01 9.48     F2V 35 0
133 EM* SR 12 Or* 16 27 19.5054789229 -24 41 40.414828505     13.28 12.15 10.855 M0IVe 166 1
134 V* V2131 Oph Or* 16 31 15.7390747430 -24 34 02.512884637   12.0 12.05 11.06 10.13 ~ 91 0
135 * tau Sco * 16 35 52.9528530 -28 12 57.661515 1.55 2.56 2.81 2.93 3.18 B0.2V 854 0
136 HD 155555 RS* 17 17 25.5047544575 -66 57 03.732827572 7.795 7.499 6.723   6.39 K1Vp 249 2
137 HD 155915 Ro* 17 18 14.6469502776 -60 27 27.488883804   10.29 9.355   8.515 G8V 29 0
138 HD 160934 Fl* 17 38 39.6170537492 +61 14 16.102424643   11.34 10.15   8.99 K7Ve 90 0
139 V* V815 Her RS* 18 08 16.0466708534 +29 41 28.298657106   8.40 7.70     G5 131 0
140 HD 172555 PM* 18 45 26.9004853 -64 52 16.539796   4.967 4.767     A7V 234 0
141 CD-64 1208 ** 18 45 37.050 -64 51 46.08   10.52 9.433 9.69   K5Ve 57 0
142 V* PZ Tel BY* 18 53 05.8733807460 -50 10 49.901380086   9.22 8.342   7.464 G9IV 285 0
143 M 54 GlC 18 55 03.33 -30 28 47.5           ~ 898 0
144 HD 175742 RS* 18 55 53.2251373830 +23 33 23.929225997 9.524 8.941 8.019 7.483 6.958 K0V 173 0
145 HD 177996 PM* 19 08 50.4827467870 -42 25 41.233817269   8.74 7.88     K1V 49 0
146 HD 180445 Ro* 19 18 12.6423922330 -38 23 04.446085398   9.27 8.415   7.444 G8V(e) 33 0
147 HD 181321 PM* 19 21 29.7277723051 -34 59 00.356331012 7.22 7.11 6.48     G2V 124 0
148 * eta Tel B BD* 19 22 51.26 -54 25 30.7           M7.5V 65 1
149 BD+47 2846 Er* 19 28 59.3538131541 +47 58 10.216250846   10.97 10.48     F6V 254 2
150 HD 186704B Er* 19 45 57.3323886886 +04 14 44.340001274           ~ 8 0
151 HD 186704 Ro* 19 45 57.3402298694 +04 14 54.416851821   7.62 7.037   6.341 G0V 40 0
152 UCAC3 116-474938 ** 19 56 02.9362903468 -32 07 18.772301422   14.79 13.23 12.98   M4 34 0
153 TYC 7443-1102-1 PM* 19 56 04.3720064734 -32 07 37.674594262   12.95 11.589 11.196 10.12 K9IVe 38 0
154 * alf Pav SB* 20 25 38.85705 -56 44 06.3230 1.03 1.791 1.918     B2IV 273 0
155 * iot Del SB* 20 37 49.1196813001 +11 22 39.621398064   5.466 5.418     A1IV 96 0
156 BD-07 5533 SB* 21 18 33.5399101875 -06 31 44.053625250   10.80 10.177   9.226 K1IV 12 0
157 HD 202917 Ro* 21 20 49.9575453387 -53 02 03.157635940   9.32 8.67   7.882 G7V 135 0
158 V* BS Ind bL* 21 20 59.8211404023 -52 28 40.186986149   10.70 8.900   7.893 G9V 63 0
159 V* V390 Pav Ro* 21 21 24.4938524191 -66 54 57.380011235   9.95 8.766   7.515 K2V 50 0
160 TYC 9114-1267-1 PM* 21 21 28.7171709472 -66 55 06.488424293   11.94 10.595 10.244   K7V 21 0
161 V* HN Peg B BD* 21 44 28.47168 +14 46 07.7988           T2.5 101 0
162 * del Cap Al* 21 47 02.4442395 -16 07 38.233507 3.22 3.12 2.83 2.59 2.43 kA5hF0mF2III 257 0
163 [FS2003] 1136 * 21 49 06.20 -64 12 55.9           K 5 0
164 HD 207964 ** 21 55 11.39417 -61 53 11.7947   6.37 5.96     F0(V)+F5(V) 78 1
165 V* CS Gru Ro* 22 15 35.2283575167 -39 00 50.697631374   10.14 9.335   8.348 K0V 21 0
166 HD 239960 ** 22 27 59.47299 +57 41 45.2325           M3 260 0
167 HD 239960A PM* 22 27 59.5575482946 +57 41 42.080559778   11.82 11.41     M3V 22 0
168 CD-64 1417 WU* 23 15 01.1351885616 -63 34 24.569590293   10.73 9.633   8.669 K0IV 17 0
169 G 273-59 Fl* 23 30 13.4384454664 -20 23 27.448522890 13.686 12.633 11.113 10.011 8.599 M2Ve 55 0
170 * kap And PM* 23 40 24.5076320 +44 20 02.156595 3.80 4.06 4.14 4.15 4.22 A0V 177 0
171 * kap And B BD* 23 40 24.58 +44 20 02.8           L1 56 0
172 NAME Hercules-Lyra Moving Group MGr ~ ~           ~ 53 0
173 NAME Octans-near MGr ~ ~           ~ 17 0
174 NAME AB Dor Moving Group MGr ~ ~           ~ 355 0
175 NAME Argus Association As* ~ ~           ~ 162 0
176 NAME Castor Moving Group As* ~ ~           ~ 116 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.07.09-07:10:34

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