Query : 2016A&A...593A..82H

2016A&A...593A..82H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 593A, 82-82 (2016/9-1)

Hiding its age: the case for a younger bulge.


Abstract (from CDS):

The determination of the age of the bulge has led to two contradictory results. On the one side, the color-magnitude diagrams in different bulge fields seem to indicate a uniformly old (>10Gyr) population. On the other side, individual ages derived from dwarfs observed through microlensing events seem to indicate a wide spread, from ∼2 to ∼13Gyr. Because the bulge is now recognised as being mainly a boxy peanut-shaped bar, it is suggested that disk stars are one of its main constituents, and therefore also stars with ages significantly younger than 10Gyr. Other arguments also point out that the bulge cannot be exclusively old, and in particular cannot be a burst population, as is usually expected if the bulge were the fossil remnant of a merger phase in the early Galaxy. In the present study, we show that given the range of metallicities observed in the bulge, a uniformly old population would be reflected in a significant spread in color at the turn-off, which is not observed. We demonstrate that the correlation between age and metallicity expected to hold for the inner disk would instead conspire to form a color-magnitude diagram with a remarkably narrow spread in color, thus mimicking the color-magnitude diagram of a uniformly old population. If stars younger than 10Gyr are part of the bulge, as must be the case if the bulge has been mainly formed through dynamical instabilities in the disk, then a very narrow spread at the turn-off is expected, as seen in the observations.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO, 2016

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: abundances - Galaxy: disk - Galaxy: evolution - galaxies: evolution

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 NAME Baade Window reg 18 03.5 -30 01           ~ 598 3
2 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 4174 0

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