Query : 2017A&A...600A.111K

2017A&A...600A.111K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 600A, 111-111 (2017/4-1)

Clouds in the atmospheres of extrasolar planets. V. The impact of CO2 ice clouds on the outer boundary of the habitable zone.


Abstract (from CDS):

Clouds have a strong impact on the climate of planetary atmospheres. The potential scattering greenhouse effect of CO2 ice clouds in the atmospheres of terrestrial extrasolar planets is of particular interest because it might influence the position and thus the extension of the outer boundary of the classic habitable zone around main sequence stars. Here, the impact of CO2 ice clouds on the surface temperatures of terrestrial planets with CO2 dominated atmospheres, orbiting different types of stars is studied. Additionally, their corresponding effect on the position of the outer habitable zone boundary is evaluated. For this study, a radiative-convective atmospheric model is used the calculate the surface temperatures influenced by CO2 ice particles. The clouds are included using a parametrised cloud model. The atmospheric model includes a general discrete ordinate radiative transfer that can describe the anisotropic scattering by the cloud particles accurately. A net scattering greenhouse effect caused by CO2 clouds is only obtained in a rather limited parameter range which also strongly depends on the stellar effective temperature. For cool M-stars, CO2 clouds only provide about 6K of additional greenhouse heating in the best case scenario. On the other hand, the surface temperature for a planet around an F-type star can be increased by 30K if carbon dioxide clouds are present. Accordingly, the extension of the habitable zone due to clouds is quite small for late-type stars. Higher stellar effective temperatures, on the other hand, can lead to outer HZ boundaries about 0.5au farther out than the corresponding clear-sky values.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO, 2017

Journal keyword(s): planets and satellites: atmospheres - planets and satellites: terrestrial planets - radiative transfer - methods: numerical - methods: numerical

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 BD+20 2465 Er* 10 19 36.2808024653 +19 52 12.014037746   10.82 9.52 9.19   dM3 1206 0
2 BD-07 4003 BY* 15 19 26.8271336166 -07 43 20.190958776 13.403 11.76 10.560 9.461 8.911 M3V 571 2
3 BD-07 4003d Pl 15 19 26.8271336166 -07 43 20.190958776           ~ 142 1

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