2017A&A...602A..91B


Query : 2017A&A...602A..91B

2017A&A...602A..91B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 602A, 91-91 (2017/6-1)

Studying the photometric and spectroscopic variability of the magnetic hot supergiant ζ Orionis Aa.

BUYSSCHAERT B., NEINER C., RICHARDSON N.D., RAMIARAMANANTSOA T., DAVID-URAZ A., PABLO H., OKSALA M.E., MOFFAT A.F.J., MENNICKENT R.E., LEGEZA S., AERTS C., KUSCHNIG R., WHITTAKER G.N., POPOWICZ A., HANDLER G., WADE G.A. and WEISS W.W.

Abstract (from CDS):

Massive stars play a significant role in the chemical and dynamical evolution of galaxies. However, much of their variability, particularly during their evolved supergiant stage, is poorly understood. To understand the variability of evolved massive stars in more detail, we present a study of the O9.2Ib supergiant ζ Ori Aa, the only currently confirmed supergiant to host a magnetic field. We have obtained two-color space-based BRIght Target Explorer photometry (BRITE) for ζ Ori Aa during two observing campaigns, as well as simultaneous ground-based, high-resolution optical CHIRON spectroscopy. We perform a detailed frequency analysis to detect and characterize the star's periodic variability. We detect two significant, independent frequencies, their higher harmonics, and combination frequencies: the stellar rotation period Prot=6.82±0.18d, most likely related to the presence of the stable magnetic poles, and a variation with a period of 10.0±0.3d attributed to circumstellar environment, also detected in the Hα and several He I lines, yet absent in the purely photospheric lines. We confirm the variability with Prot/4, likely caused by surface inhomogeneities, being the possible photospheric drivers of the discrete absorption components. No stellar pulsations were detected in the data. The level of circumstellar activity clearlydiffers between the two BRITE observing campaigns. We demonstrate that ζ Ori Aa is a highly variable star with both periodic and non-periodic variations, as well as episodic events. The rotation period we determined agrees well with the spectropolarimetric value from the literature. The changing activity level observed with BRITE could explain why the rotational modulation of the magnetic measurements was not clearly detected at all epochs.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO, 2017

Journal keyword(s): stars: massive - stars: oscillations - stars: interiors - stars: mass-loss - stars: rotation - stars: individual: zeta Orionis - stars: individual: zeta Orionis

Simbad objects: 6

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Number of rows : 6
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 * ksi Per ** 03 58 57.9022917 +35 47 27.713205 3.190 4.080 4.060 3.88 3.89 O7.5III(n)((f)) 818 0
2 * bet Ori s*b 05 14 32.27210 -08 12 05.8981 -0.56 0.10 0.13 0.13 0.15 B8Iae 749 0
3 * zet Ori ** 05 40 45.52666 -01 56 33.2649 0.50 1.56 1.77 1.85 2.05 O9.7Ib+B0III 345 0
4 * zet Ori A SB* 05 40 45.527143 -01 56 33.26036   1.79 1.90     O9.2IbvarNwk 660 0
5 * zet Ori B * 05 40 45.571207 -01 56 35.58704   3.55 3.73     O9.5II-III(n) 169 0
6 * zet Pup BY* 08 03 35.04754 -40 00 11.3321 0.89 1.98 2.25 2.36 2.58 O4I(n)fp 1139 1

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2023.01.27-23:08:59

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