2017A&A...604A.119B


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.01.27CET11:07:39

2017A&A...604A.119B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 604A, 119-119 (2017/8-1)

Evolution of the anti-truncated stellar profiles of S0 galaxies since z = 0.6 in the SHARDS survey. I. Sample and methods.

BORLAFF A., ELICHE-MORAL M.C., BECKMAN J.E., CIAMBUR B.C., PEREZ-GONZALEZ P.G., BARRO G., CAVA A. and CARDIEL N.

Abstract (from CDS):

Context. The controversy about the origin of the structure of early-type S0-E/S0 galaxies may be due to the difficulty of comparing surface brightness profiles with different depths, photometric corrections and point spread function (PSF) effects (which are almost always ignored).
Aims. We aim to quantify the properties of Type-III (anti-truncated) discs in a sample of S0 galaxies at 0.2<z<0.6. In this paper, we present the sample selection and describe in detail the methods to robustly trace the structure in their outskirts and correct for PSF effects.
Methods. We have selected and classified a sample of 150 quiescent galaxies at 0.2<z<0.6 in the GOODS-N field. We performed a quantitative structural analysis of 44 S0-E/S0 galaxies. We have corrected their surface brightness profiles for PSF distortions and analysed the biases in the structural and photometric parameters when the PSF correction is not applied. Additionally, we have developed Elbow, an automatic statistical method to determine whether a possible break is significant - or not - and its type. We have made this method publicly available.
Results. We find 14 anti-truncated S0-E/S0 galaxies in the range 0.2<z<0.6 (∼30% of the final sample). This fraction is similar to the those reported in the local Universe. In our sample, ∼25% of the Type-III breaks observed in PSF-uncorrected profiles are artifacts, and their profiles turn into a Type I after PSF correction. PSF effects also soften Type-II profiles. We find that the profiles of Type-I S0 and E/S0 galaxies of our sample are compatible with the inner profiles of the Type-III, in contrast with the outer profiles.
Conclusions. We have obtained the first robust and reliable sample of 14 anti-truncated S0-E/S0 galaxies beyond the local Universe, in the range 0.2<z<0.6. PSF effects significantly affect the shape of the surface brightness profiles in galaxy discs even in the case of the narrow PSF of HST/ACS images, so future studies on the subject should make an effort to correct them.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO, 2017

Journal keyword(s): methods: observational - methods: statistical - galaxies: fundamental parameters - galaxies: structure - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/604/A119): tablea1.dat tableb1.dat>

Nomenclature: Tables A.1, B.1: SHARDS NNNNNNNN N=150 among (Nos 10000327-10012012, 20000593-20014088).

Simbad objects: 155

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Number of rows : 155

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 NAME Hubble Ultra Deep Field reg 03 32 39.0 -27 47 29           ~ 1335 0
2 SHARDS 20011033 G 12 35 46.91162 +62 11 56.1026           ~ 2 0
3 SHARDS 20011001 G 12 35 53.04 +62 11 11.0           ~ 3 0
4 SHARDS 20006824 G 12 35 58.39966 +62 11 28.8016           ~ 2 0
5 SHARDS 20006480 G 12 35 59.80225 +62 09 58.0270           ~ 2 0
6 SHARDS 20002550 G 12 36 00.549 +62 11 55.81 25.57 23.4687 22.079 20.89 19.9893 ~ 12 0
7 SHARDS 20009676 G 12 36 04.8085 +62 10 13.575 27.2   26.3     ~ 4 0
8 SHARDS 20001223 G 12 36 04.99146 +62 09 42.7286           ~ 2 0
9 SHARDS 20011862 G 12 36 05.3 +62 09 07           ~ 1 0
10 SHARDS 20013012 G 12 36 05.51514 +62 13 10.1092           ~ 2 0
11 GNS 2700 G 12 36 08.064 +62 08 50.89 24.46 22.9742 20.982 20.28 20.0476 ~ 16 0
12 MODS wide 97 G 12 36 09.9052 +62 09 45.829     26.4     ~ 2 0
13 GOODS J123609.94+621357.1 G 12 36 09.9369 +62 13 57.081   26.3073     24.5539 ~ 4 0
14 TKRS 8218 G 12 36 13.8796 +62 07 29.720   25.8010     21.2640 ~ 3 0
15 SHARDS 20012798 G 12 36 13.96 +62 12 50.6           ~ 3 0
16 SHARDS 20003377 G 12 36 15.300 +62 12 21.72 25.19 23.4184 22.288 21.4 20.8840 ~ 17 0
17 MODS wide 482 G 12 36 16.0138 +62 09 49.256     26.4     ~ 3 0
18 SHARDS 20004440 G 12 36 17.684 +62 13 44.29 25.36 24.3376 22.782 20.93 20.9918 ~ 26 0
19 MODS wide 562 G 12 36 17.9315 +62 09 44.442   27.3 26.4     ~ 3 0
20 MODS deep 375 G 12 36 17.9601 +62 14 21.976     26.08     ~ 4 0
21 SHARDS 20004069 G 12 36 18.44 +62 15 19.0           ~ 3 0
22 MODS deep 106 G 12 36 19.1485 +62 13 51.694     26.06     ~ 3 0
23 TKRS 8007 G 12 36 22.1765 +62 08 38.898 25.31 25.6637 24.22   23.1005 ~ 5 0
24 CXOHDFN J123622.7+621259 G 12 36 22.8003 +62 13 00.130 23.86 23.3263 21.997 20.38 20.5519 ~ 24 0
25 GOODS J123623.23+621235.8 G 12 36 23.2318 +62 12 35.799   28.1933 26.4   25.4928 ~ 6 0
26 MODS wide 2077 G 12 36 24.3522 +62 12 14.577 27.7 27.1 26.5     ~ 3 0
27 SHARDS 20002995 G 12 36 25.071 +62 13 00.88 24.47 23.7231 22.883 20.73 20.7547 ~ 18 0
28 SHARDS 20003969 G 12 36 25.71533 +62 15 42.0639           ~ 2 0
29 MODS deep 1118 G 12 36 25.8204 +62 14 30.740 27.0   26.5     ~ 3 0
30 SHARDS 20007395 G 12 36 25.85083 +62 15 48.1613           ~ 2 0
31 MODS deep 1050 G 12 36 26.6341 +62 14 17.951     27.4     ~ 3 0
32 MODS deep 1201 G 12 36 27.6649 +62 14 22.516     26.2     ~ 3 0
33 SHARDS 20003217 G 12 36 27.788 +62 12 40.75 23.26 24.6143 23.084 21.31 21.3683 ~ 17 0
34 MODS deep 263 G 12 36 27.8756 +62 13 02.651   27.3 26.7     ~ 3 0
35 SHARDS 20001051 G 12 36 28.854 +62 09 23.43 25.78 24.5379 23.025 21.95 21.2834 ~ 11 0
36 GOODS J123629.88+621421.9 G 12 36 29.8818 +62 14 21.910 25.93 25.4286 24.62 23.35 22.8313 ~ 10 0
37 MODS wide 2389 G 12 36 30.7830 +62 11 58.633     26.0     ~ 3 0
38 SHARDS 20009942 G 12 36 31.5 +62 11 00           ~ 1 0
39 SHARDS 20010969 G 12 36 31.6 +62 10 11           ~ 1 0
40 GOODS J123633.46+621703.1 G 12 36 33.4656 +62 17 03.553 26.84 25.0079   22.4 21.8917 ~ 10 0
41 SHARDS 20004586 G 12 36 33.9846 +62 07 53.382   27.3694 25.53 24.6 24.1576 ~ 7 0
42 SHARDS 20007647 G 12 36 34.0 +62 06 38           ~ 1 0
43 GOODS J123634.22+621433.3 G 12 36 34.2168 +62 14 33.256 25.32 20.7630 22.630 20.29 20.6513 ~ 15 0
44 [PBM2009] n72236 G 12 36 34.5589 +62 14 32.817 24.79 25.9422 24.28   23.1861 M1.0 8 0
45 SHARDS 20002147 G 12 36 35.270 +62 11 09.89 25.82 23.8362 22.393 20.80 20.9412 ~ 28 0
46 MODS deep 2719 G 12 36 35.7748 +62 15 33.367     27.2     ~ 3 0
47 SHARDS 10003647 G 12 36 37.991 +62 17 29.01 25.65 24.3408 22.082 21.74 20.9400 ~ 13 0
48 SHARDS 20003909 G 12 36 38.0023 +62 16 15.550 25.56 24.5202 23.278 21.36 21.5175 ~ 10 0
49 MODS wide 6452 G 12 36 38.2646 +62 16 38.015     27.4     ~ 3 0
50 MODS wide 1005 G 12 36 38.4566 +62 08 14.666 27.0 27.4 26.5     ~ 2 0
51 MODS deep 528 G 12 36 38.6654 +62 12 10.343 27.4 27.4 26.4     ~ 3 0
52 SHARDS 10009610 G 12 36 39.0603 +62 18 21.397 25.35 24.0382   21.4 20.5286 ~ 8 0
53 MODS deep 2418 G 12 36 39.5184 +62 14 39.151 27.1 27.4 26.7     ~ 3 0
54 SHARDS 20000593 G 12 36 39.716 +62 08 18.56 24.69 22.5873 22.134 21.0 20.4187 ~ 11 0
55 SHARDS 20002966 G 12 36 40.133 +62 13 05.51 25.44 23.9911 22.520 20.63 20.6946 ~ 13 0
56 MODS deep 2495 G 12 36 40.1733 +62 14 41.853     27.0     ~ 4 0
57 MODS wide 1359 G 12 36 40.5494 +62 08 51.011 27.1 27.1 26.4     ~ 3 0
58 SHARDS 10003299 G 12 36 40.74829 +62 18 06.9461           ~ 2 0
59 MODS deep 2543 G 12 36 41.0804 +62 14 39.980 27.5 27.6 26.6     ~ 3 0
60 MODS deep 3067 G 12 36 41.4860 +62 15 20.632 27.2 27.4 27.4     ~ 3 0
61 SHARDS 20004420 G 12 36 41.492 +62 14 02.52 25.63 24.2785 23.010 20.85 21.0325 ~ 15 0
62 [T2003] 322 G 12 36 44.4 +62 13 56           ~ 3 0
63 MODS wide 7033 G 12 36 44.9999 +62 16 31.836   26.9 26.8     ~ 3 0
64 SHARDS 10007737 G 12 36 45.3 +62 15 13           ~ 1 0
65 GOODS J123646.39+621513.8 EmG 12 36 46.3857 +62 15 13.751   28.32 26.3   25.7153 ~ 7 0
66 SHARDS 20003678 G 12 36 46.531 +62 11 51.24 27.84 25.1375 23.47 22.00 22.0167 ~ 37 0
67 NAME Chandra Deep Field-North reg 12 36.8 +62 13           ~ 620 0
68 Cowie 4 EmG 12 36 48.0771 +62 13 09.363 25.83 23.5640 22.416 20.43 20.6113 ~ 58 0
69 SHARDS 20002889 G 12 36 48.4686 +62 13 16.986 25.90 25.9583 24.80 23.8 23.4817 ~ 22 0
70 Cowie 164 G 12 36 48.7181 +62 13 02.434   29.0 26.0   24.9 ~ 10 0
71 MODS deep 3734 G 12 36 49.1895 +62 15 23.892 27.0 27.5 26.6     ~ 3 0
72 NAME Hubble Deep Field reg 12 36 49.5 +62 12 58           ~ 1842 1
73 MODS wide 7219 G 12 36 50.4590 +62 16 08.898     27.3     ~ 4 0
74 MODS wide 7465 G 12 36 50.9046 +62 16 39.852     26.7     ~ 2 0
75 MODS deep 1748 G 12 36 51.0070 +62 12 24.903     27.5     ~ 6 0
76 MODS wide 2001 G 12 36 51.0372 +62 08 57.195   27.4 25.95     ~ 2 0
77 [CKM99] 598 Q? 12 36 51.6404 +62 13 47.464   28.25 26.6     ~ 7 0
78 MODS deep 3883 G 12 36 54.5546 +62 14 58.325     27.7     ~ 3 0
79 NAME GOODS-N Field reg 12 36 55.0 +62 14 15           ~ 949 1
80 SHARDS 10005029 G 12 36 55.8122 +62 14 54.522 26.5 26.1 24.77     ~ 4 0
81 SHARDS 10001314 G 12 36 56.0668 +62 14 55.147 24.88 21.0762 23.48 21.48 21.9834 ~ 10 0
82 SHARDS 10010084 G 12 36 56.07422 +62 18 28.7402           ~ 2 0
83 GNS 1204 G 12 36 56.4550 +62 18 04.487 25.17 24.1930 22.828 21.8 21.1565 ~ 13 0
84 SHARDS 20003119 G 12 36 56.6430 +62 12 45.867 24.73 22.9417 22.968 20.06 20.1565 ~ 39 0
85 SHARDS 20001534 G 12 36 57.8789 +62 10 13.202 25.85 24.4625 23.44 22.02 22.0179 ~ 13 0
86 SHARDS 10003216 G 12 36 59.667 +62 18 14.62 24.85 24.6475 23.84 22.96 22.4881 ~ 13 0
87 MODS deep 3483 G 12 37 00.4244 +62 13 41.817     27.4     ~ 4 0
88 SHARDS 20003210 G 12 37 00.582 +62 12 34.78 25.59 24.4852 23.232 21.43 21.5068 ~ 40 0
89 MODS deep 4008 G 12 37 02.5603 +62 14 17.034     26.3     ~ 2 0
90 MODS deep 3268 G 12 37 02.9055 +62 13 06.672     27.2     ~ 4 0
91 GNS 748 G 12 37 03.0741 +62 09 01.015 26.54 25.4858     22.4165 ~ 7 0
92 SHARDS 20004359 G 12 37 03.322 +62 14 17.99 25.40 24.0322 22.936 20.90 21.1672 ~ 13 0
93 MODS deep 2416 G 12 37 05.0028 +62 11 39.963     27.1     ~ 4 0
94 SHARDS 20010793 G 12 37 05.06104 +62 13 47.7924           ~ 2 0
95 MODS wide 7483 G 12 37 07.0517 +62 14 48.518     27.0     ~ 3 0
96 SHARDS 20002235 G 12 37 07.650 +62 11 11.98 25.46 23.1558 21.734 20.72 20.9081 ~ 15 0
97 SHARDS 10004777 G 12 37 07.738 +62 18 51.40 23.20 21.3948 20.6299 19.6 19.0099 ~ 11 0
98 GOODS J123708.14+621423.0 G 12 37 08.141 +62 14 22.69 23.75 22.7290 22.684 19.96 19.9852 ~ 16 0
99 SHARDS 10001344 G 12 37 08.6445 +62 15 01.871 25.72 24.6639 23.81 21.68 21.6703 ~ 24 0
100 SHARDS 10001013 G 12 37 09.580 +62 14 23.57 25.51 24.2883 22.750 21.10 21.1530 ~ 16 0
101 SHARDS 10001727 G 12 37 09.8640 +62 15 24.306 23.30 21.3990 20.939 19.00 19.2308 ~ 12 0
102 SHARDS 10011094 G 12 37 12.6 +62 22 18           ~ 1 0
103 GOODS J123713.99+622036.9 G 12 37 14.022 +62 20 36.42 24.47 22.8385 21.784 20.7 20.0808 ~ 13 0
104 SHARDS 10002730 G 12 37 14.311 +62 16 56.33 25.43 24.1390 22.806 21.8 21.2795 ~ 14 0
105 MODS wide 7239 G 12 37 17.5676 +62 12 59.921     27.4     ~ 3 0
106 SHARDS 10000488 G 12 37 17.7102 +62 13 14.830 27.7   26.0     ~ 4 0
107 SHARDS 10004066 G 12 37 18.2980395790 +62 20 35.732647494 23.17 21.5437 20.823 19.9 19.2841 ~ 12 0
108 SHARDS 10011544 G 12 37 21.10840 +62 16 55.4800           ~ 2 0
109 SHARDS 10000737 G 12 37 21.511 +62 13 34.32 25.53 22.9472 21.857 19.64 19.8766 ~ 12 0
110 GOODS J123723.02+621254.9 G 12 37 23.0233 +62 12 54.904 26.9 26.4725 26.0   24.9171 ~ 5 0
111 SHARDS 10011171 G 12 37 24.50 +62 12 26.1           ~ 3 0
112 MODS wide 7917 G 12 37 25.2232 +62 13 41.337 27.2 27.4 26.3     ~ 3 0
113 MODS wide 8122 G 12 37 25.8096 +62 13 59.100     26.7     ~ 3 0
114 SHARDS 10009577 G 12 37 25.9 +62 21 08           ~ 1 0
115 SHARDS 10000849 G 12 37 26.1666 +62 14 03.462 27.76 24.3012 22.641   20.9090 ~ 10 0
116 GOODS J123726.22+621347.4 G 12 37 26.235 +62 13 46.80 25.38 23.1112 22.210 20.9 20.1207 ~ 14 0
117 GOODS J123726.38+621713.1 G 12 37 26.3784 +62 17 13.128 26.7 22.4961 24.16   22.6064 ~ 7 0
118 GOODS J123726.56+621713.4 G 12 37 26.569 +62 17 13.64 26.7 24.7527 23.143 21.94 21.2632 ~ 13 0
119 GOODS J123726.97+621249.0 G 12 37 26.9730 +62 12 49.017 25.91 24.8185   22.7 22.2295 ~ 10 0
120 MODS wide 8959 G 12 37 28.5287 +62 21 24.182 27.1 27.0 25.8     ~ 2 0
121 SHARDS 10004423 G 12 37 29.718 +62 19 35.01 24.17 21.7571 21.043 19.8 18.9576 ~ 11 0
122 CXOHDFN J123729.9+621300 G 12 37 29.912 +62 13 00.55 24.13 22.7181   21.0 20.0811 ~ 14 0
123 SHARDS 10004719 G 12 37 31.3 +62 20 50           ~ 1 0
124 MODS wide 8507 G 12 37 31.6122 +62 14 14.024     26.8     ~ 3 0
125 MODS wide 10822 G 12 37 32.3778 +62 17 41.577     27.0     ~ 3 0
126 HRG14 J123733.23+621740.1 G 12 37 33.2433 +62 17 39.882     27.0     ~ 5 0
127 GOODS J123734.00+621937.7 G 12 37 34.014 +62 19 37.20 23.75 21.5496 20.844 19.7 18.9741 ~ 13 0
128 SHARDS 10012012 G 12 37 37.6 +62 15 46           ~ 1 0
129 TKRS 7751 G 12 37 39.6272 +62 17 50.788 23.28 21.6033 20.5414 19.6 19.0852 ~ 10 0
130 SHARDS 10000536 G 12 37 39.95361 +62 13 23.2379           ~ 2 0
131 PEARS n105178 EmG 12 37 41.02941 +62 18 05.7277           ~ 5 0
132 SHARDS 10009032 G 12 37 41.18408 +62 14 28.5654           ~ 2 0
133 SHARDS 10000840 G 12 37 41.858 +62 13 58.57 24.39 23.9174 21.771 21.48 20.9103 ~ 10 0
134 SHARDS 10006744 G 12 37 43.41 +62 16 56.2           ~ 3 0
135 TKRS 13665 Sy2 12 37 44.205 +62 13 58.44 24.83 20.8596 22.00 21.7 21.1485 ~ 18 0
136 SHARDS 10007672 G 12 37 45.0 +62 14 18           ~ 1 0
137 GNS 4118 G 12 37 46.6083 +62 13 59.787 23.99 23.019   20.57 19.9585 ~ 7 0
138 SHARDS 10001058 G 12 37 47.0 +62 14 31           ~ 1 0
139 TKRS 13265 G 12 37 47.8423 +62 14 05.634   26.0693     23.4972 ~ 3 0
140 SHARDS 10010775 G 12 37 48.9 +62 14 34           ~ 1 0
141 GOODS J123749.62+621707.2 G 12 37 49.6245 +62 17 07.184   27.8462 26.1   24.8229 ~ 5 0
142 GOODS J123750.36+621552.7 G 12 37 50.3581 +62 15 53.076 25.87 24.3217 23.419 22.28 21.7478 ~ 9 0
143 GOODS J123752.32+621530.0 G 12 37 52.3222 +62 15 29.983 25.45 24.1039     20.9571 ~ 7 0
144 GOODS J123752.57+621449.4 G 12 37 52.602 +62 14 49.03 24.78 23.4742   20.9 20.1245 ~ 12 0
145 GOODS J123753.29+621454.2 G 12 37 53.324 +62 14 53.81 24.91 23.3483 21.03 20.9 20.0380 ~ 13 0
146 SHARDS 10009131 G 12 37 54.31274 +62 15 31.8054           ~ 2 0
147 GOODS J123754.42+621451.2 G 12 37 54.4230 +62 14 51.190 26.17 25.2199     22.7167 ~ 5 0
148 GOODS J123754.56+621527.2 G 12 37 54.588 +62 15 26.78 25.00 23.8961 21.704 21.41 20.8667 ~ 10 0
149 GOODS J123755.62+621542.5 G 12 37 55.650 +62 15 42.49 25.25 23.4890 21.13 20.9 20.1364 ~ 10 0
150 GOODS J123755.82+621656.8 G 12 37 55.811 +62 16 56.40 24.95 23.9994 22.908 21.8 21.1076 ~ 16 0
151 SHARDS 10006819 G 12 37 57.0 +62 17 24           ~ 1 0
152 GOODS J123757.29+621547.7 G 12 37 57.297 +62 15 47.69 23.72 22.2915 20.15 20.7 19.7569 ~ 13 0
153 GNS 1102 G 12 38 01.578 +62 16 27.05 25.76 24.5061   21.97 21.4141 ~ 11 0
154 SHARDS 10007883 G 12 38 03.53394 +62 16 31.8320           ~ 2 0
155 NAME Extended Groth Strip reg 14 19 +52.8           ~ 606 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.01.27-11:07:39

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