Query : 2018A&A...612L...9Y

2018A&A...612L...9Y - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 612, L9-9 (2018/4-1)

Supernovae-generated high-velocity compact clouds.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. A previous study claimed the discovery of an intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH). This hypothetical black hole was invoked in order to explain the high-velocity dispersion in one of several dense molecular clouds near the Galactic center. The same study considered the possibility that this cloud was due to a supernova explosion, but disqualified this scenario because no X-rays were detected.
Aims. We here check whether a supernova explosion could have produced that cloud, and whether this explanation is more likely than an IMBH. More specifically, we wish to determine whether a supernova inside a dense molecular cloud would emit in the X-rays.
Methods. We have approached this problem from two different directions. First, we performed an analytic calculation to determine the cooling rate by thermal bremsstrahlung and compared this time to the lifetime of the cloud. Second, we estimated the creation rate of these dense clouds in the central molecular zone (CMZ) region near the Galactic center, where they were observed. Based on this rate, we can place lower bounds on the total mass of IMBHs and clouds and compare this to the masses of the components of the CMZ.
Results. We find that the cooling time of the supernova remnant inside a molecular cloud is shorter than its dynamical time. This means that the temperature in such a remnant would be much lower than that of a typical supernova remnant. At such a low temperature, the remnant is not expected to emit in the X-rays. We also find that to explain the rate at which such dense clouds are created requires fine-tuning the number of IMBHs.
Conclusions. We find the supernova model to be a more likely explanation for the formation of high-velocity compact clouds than an IMBH.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2018

Journal keyword(s): stars: black holes - ISM: clouds - supernovae: general - ISM: supernova remnants

CDS comments: Table 1 CO 3.34+0.43 not identified.

Simbad objects: 9

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Number of rows : 9
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
1 V* CM Tau Psr 05 34 31.9474694616 +22 00 52.153698024           ~ 5078 0
2 CO -000.40-00.22 MoC 17 45.5 -29 24           ~ 21 0
3 NAME Galactic Center reg 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 13204 0
4 CO 000.02-00.02 MoC 17 45.7 -28 56           ~ 29 0
5 [TOI2017] HCN-0.009-0.044 HVC 17 45 46 -28 58.0           ~ 6 0
6 [TOI2017] HCN-0.085-0.094 HVC 17 45 47 -29 03.5           ~ 6 0
7 CO 001.28+00.06 MoC 17 48.4 -27 49           ~ 3 0
8 CO 002.88+00.08 MoC 17 52.0 -26 26           ~ 2 0
9 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 3938 0

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