2018A&A...615A.178O


Query : 2018A&A...615A.178O

2018A&A...615A.178O - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 615A, 178-178 (2018/7-1)

Catching drifting pebbles. II. A stochastic equation of motion for pebbles.

ORMEL C.W. and LIU B.

Abstract (from CDS):

Turbulence plays a key role in the transport of pebble-sized particles. It also affects the ability of pebbles to be accreted by protoplanets because it stirs pebbles out of the disk midplane. In addition, turbulence suppresses pebble accretion once the relative velocities become too high for the settling mechanism to be viable. Following Paper I (Lui & Ormal, 2018A&A...615A.138L), we aim to quantify these effects by calculating the pebble accretion efficiency ε using three-body simulations. To model the effect of turbulence on the pebbles, we derive a stochastic equation of motion (SEOM) applicable to stratified disk configurations. In the strong coupling limit (ignoring particle inertia) the limiting form of this equation agrees with previous works. We conduct a parameter study and calculate ε in 3D, varying pebble and gas turbulence properties and accounting for the planet inclination. We find that strong turbulence suppresses pebble accretion through turbulent diffusion, agreeing closely with previous works. Another reduction of ε occurs when the turbulent rms motions are high and the settling mechanism fails. In terms of efficiency, the outer disk regions are more affected by turbulence than the inner regions. At the location of the H2O iceline, planets around low-mass stars achieve much higher efficiencies. Including the results from Paper I, we present a framework to obtain ε under general circumstances.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2018

Journal keyword(s): planets and satellites: formation - protoplanetary disks - methods: numerical

Simbad objects: 4

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Number of rows : 4
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 V* DM Tau Or* 04 33 48.7336763736 +18 10 09.973460280 14.30 14.82 14.00     M2Ve 585 0
2 V* TW Hya TT* 11 01 51.9053285064 -34 42 17.033218380   11.94 10.50 10.626 9.18 K6Ve 1751 1
3 HD 163296 Ae* 17 56 21.2881851168 -21 57 21.871819008 7.00 6.93 6.85 6.86 6.67 A1Vep 967 0
4 TRAPPIST-1 LM* 23 06 29.3684948589 -05 02 29.037301866     18.798 16.466 14.024 M7.5e 736 0

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2022.08.09-21:20:25

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