2018A&A...617A..34M


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.13CEST06:42:18

2018A&A...617A..34M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 617A, 34-34 (2018/9-1)

Color gradients reflect an inside-out growth in early-type galaxies of the cluster MACS J1206.2-0847.

MARIAN V., ZIEGLER B., KUCHNER U. and VERDUGO M.

Abstract (from CDS):


Aims. Color gradients of galaxies are a powerful tool for resolving the variations of stellar populations within galaxies. We use this approach to explore the evolution of early-type galaxies in the core of the massive galaxy cluster MACS J1206.2-0847 at z=0.44.
Methods. We used imaging data in 12 filters (covering a wavelength range from 400 to 1600nm) from the Hubble Space Telescope provided by the CLASH survey, as well as additional spectral information from its follow-up program, CLASH-VLT. We performed multiwavelength optimized model fitting using Galapagos-2 from the MegaMorph project to measure their photometric parameters (total integrated magnitudes, effective radii re, and Sersic indices n). We used them to derive color gradients for the colors g475-I814, r625-Y105, I814-H160, and Y105-H160 at radii ranging between 0.1 and 2re for 79 early-type cluster galaxies. From synthetic spectral models that use simple star formation recipes, we inferred ages and metallicities of the stellar population at different locations within each galaxy and characterized their influence on the radial color trends.
Results. Early-type galaxies show a substantial decrease in effective radii re with wavelength. We measure that galaxy sizes are ∼25% smaller in the red H160 filter than in the blue r625 filter but maintain a constant (within 3σ) Sersic index n with wavelength. We find negative color gradients in all colors with slopes ranging between -0.07 and -0.17mag/dex and with no obvious dependence on total magnitude, stellar mass, or location inside the cluster core. We explain the observed radial trends of color gradients as a result of the ages and metallicities of the respective stellar populations. Red galaxy cores are typically ∼3Gyr older and more enriched in metals than the galaxy outskirts, which are of solar metallicity.
Conclusions. Our results support the predictions from hydrodynamical cosmological simulations, which describe a passive evolution combined with an inside-out-growth of early-type galaxies. In this scenario, galaxies assemble their stellar mass primarily in the outskirts through the accretion of mass-poor satellites and thus manifest the observed trends of color-, metallicity- and age gradients.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2018

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: photometry - galaxies: clusters: individual: MACS J1206.2-0847 - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: stellar content

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 MCS J1206.2-0847 ClG 12 06 12.2 -08 48 02           ~ 182 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.13CEST06:42:18

Available data : Basic data  •  Identifiers  •  Plot & images  •  Bibliography  •  Measurements  •  External archives  •  Notes  •  Annotations


Basic data :
MCS J1206.2-0847 -- Cluster of Galaxies
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
ClG (Ref,MCS,...), gLe (Ref,2015ApJ...801...44Z,...), C?G (Ref,2016A&A...594A..27P), X (1RXS)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
12 06 12.2 -08 48 02 (X-ray) [ ] D 2008ApJ...682..821C
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
12 03 38.2 -08 31 20 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
284.3981 +52.4358 [ ]
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
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  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 104717 [~] / z(spectroscopic) 0.440 [~] / cz 131909 [~]
   (Opt) D 2010MNRAS.406.1318H
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Hierarchy : number of linked objects
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: 1
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Identifiers (7) :
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MCS J1206.2-0847 PLCKESZ G284.46+52.43 PSZ2 G284.41+52.45 1RXS J120613.0-084743
MCXC J1206.2-0848 PSZ1 G284.43+52.44 RXC J1206.2-0848

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References (182 between 1850 and 2020) (Total 182)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Observing logs


herschel : 4   

   


External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : MCS J1206.2-0847

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

RXC J1206.2-0848 1RXS J120613.0-084743

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2020.07.13-06:42:18

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