2018A&A...617A.124Y


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.03.30CEST13:34:21

2018A&A...617A.124Y - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 617A, 124-124 (2018/9-1)

The optical properties of dust: the effects of composition, size, and structure.

YSARD N., JONES A.P., DEMYK K., BOUTERAON T. and KOEHLER M.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. Dust grains are determinant for setting the chemical, physical, dynamical, and radiative properties of all the media in which they are present. Their influence depends on the grain composition, size, and geometrical structure which vary throughout the life cycle of dust. In particular, grain growth arises in dense molecular clouds and protoplanetary disks as traced by an enhancement of the dust far-IR emissivity and by the effects of cloudshine and coreshine.
Aims. Our aim is to investigate the imprint of the grain characteristics on the dust unpolarised optical properties from the visible to the far-IR wavelengths for isolated grains as well as for aggregates.
Methods. Using optical constants for both carbonaceous and silicate materials, we have derived the absorption and scattering efficiencies, the asymmetry factor of the phase function, the single scattering albedo, and the mass opacity for isolated grains and aggregates, using either the Mie theory or the discrete dipole approximation (DDA). We investigated the effects of the size, porosity, and shape of the grains, and of the monomers constituting the aggregates, on the optical properties. Besides this, for aggregates we studied the influence of the number of monomers and of mixing monomer sizes.
Results. Grain structure changes result in optical property variations at all wavelengths. Porosity, grain elongation, as well as aggregation all produce an increase in the far-IR opacity. The spectral dependence of this increase depends on the nature of the material composing the grain: it is independent of the wavelength for insulators but not for conductors. In the case of aggregates, the far-IR increase does not depend on the monomer size and saturates for aggregates containing six or more monomers. In the visible and near-IR, the aggregate behaviour is reminiscent of a compact sphere of the same mass whereas at longer wavelengths, it is closer to the effect of porosity. Finally, for silicates, the mid-IR spectral feature at 18µm is more sensitive to the details of the grain structure than the 10µm feature.
Conclusions. Dust optical properties, from the visible to the far-IR, are highly dependent upon the grain composition, size, and structure. This study provides a basis for understanding the range of variations achievable as a result of varying the grain characteristics. It emphasises the importance of considering the detailed grain structure in determining the dust optical properties and of using exact methods because approximate methods cannot reproduce the entire range of the observed variations at all wavelengths.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2018

Journal keyword(s): dust, extinction - evolution

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Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11307 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.03.30CEST13:34:21

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17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1 [ ] E ~
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  • quality : flag of quality
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    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
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    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
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17 42 29.31 -28 59 18.5 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
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  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
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    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
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Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
359.94425 -00.04616 [ ]
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