2018A&A...619A..76S


Query : 2018A&A...619A..76S

2018A&A...619A..76S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 619A, 76-76 (2018/11-1)

A unique distant submillimeter galaxy with an X-ray-obscured radio-luminous active galactic nucleus.

SHU X.W., XUE Y.Q., LIU D.Z., WANG T., HAN Y.K., CHANG Y.Y., LIU T., HUANG X.X., WANG J.X., ZHENG X.Z., DA CUNHA E., DADDI E. and ELBAZ D.

Abstract (from CDS):


Aims. We present a multiwavelength study of an atypical submillimeter galaxy, GH500.30, in the GOODS-North field, with the aim to understand its physical properties of stellar and dust emission, as well as the central active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity. Although it is shown that the source is likely an extremely dusty galaxy at high redshift, its exact position of submillimeter emission is unknown.
Methods. We use NOEMA observation at 1.2mm with subarcsecond resolution to resolve the dust emission, and precisely localize the counterparts at other wavelengths, which allows us to better constrain its stellar and dust spectral energy distribution (SED) as well as redshift. We carry out the new near-infrared (NIR) photometry of GH500.30 observed with HST, and perform panchromatic SED modelling from ultraviolet (UV)/optical to submillimeter. We derive the photometric redshift using both NIR and far-infrared (FIR) SED modeling, and place constraints on the stellar and dust properties such as stellar mass, age, dust attenuation, IR luminosity, and star-formation rate (SFR). The AGN properties are inferred from the X-ray spectral analysis and radio observations, and its contribution to the total IR luminosity is estimated from the broadband SED fittings using MAGPHYS.
Results. With the new NOEMA interferometric imaging, we confirm that the source is a unique dusty galaxy. It has no obvious counterpart in the optical and even NIR images observed with HST at λ≤1.4µm. Photometric-redshift analyses from both stellar and dust SED suggest it to likely be at z≥4, though a lower redshift at z≥3.1 cannot be fully ruled out (at 90% confidence interval). Explaining its unusual optical-to-NIR properties requires an old stellar population (∼0.67Gyr), coexisting with a very dusty ongoing starburst component. The latter is contributing to the FIR emission, with its rest-frame UV and optical light being largely obscured along our line of sight. If the observed fluxes at the rest-frame optical/NIR wavelengths were mainly contributed by old stars, a total stellar mass of ∼3.5x1011M would be obtained. An X-ray spectral analysis suggests that this galaxy harbors a heavily obscured AGN with NH=3.3+2.0–1.7x1023cm–2 and an intrinsic 2-10 keV luminosity of Lx∼2.6x1044erg/s, which places this object among distant type 2 quasars. The radio emission of the source is extremely bright, which is an order of magnitude higher than the star-formation-powered emission, making it one of the most distant radio-luminous dusty galaxies.
Conclusions. The combined characteristics of the galaxy suggest that the source appears to have been caught in a rare but critical transition stage in the evolution of submillimeter galaxies, where we are witnessing the birth of a young AGN and possibly the earliest stage of its jet formation and feedback.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2018

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: starburst - galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: active - submillimeter: galaxies - X-rays: galaxies

Simbad objects: 12

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Number of rows : 12
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NAME Chandra Deep Field-South reg 03 32 28.0 -27 48 30           ~ 1971 1
2 ALESS J033229.29-275619.7 QSO 03 32 29.2912 -27 56 19.465     26.76 25.82 25.1655 ~ 106 0
3 M 82 IG 09 55 52.430 +69 40 46.93 9.61 9.30 8.41     ~ 5635 6
4 NAME MM J123633+6214.1 G 12 36 33.2 +62 14 07           ~ 61 0
5 NAME Chandra Deep Field-North reg 12 36.8 +62 13           ~ 644 0
6 NAME SMM J123652+621225 G 12 36 51.76 +62 12 21.4 24.2 23.4 22.3 22.0 25.80 ~ 187 1
7 NAME GOODS-N Field reg 12 36 55.0 +62 14 15           ~ 1050 1
8 NAME SMM J123711+622212 AGN 12 37 11.92 +62 22 12.1   27.1786 25.185   24.4196 ~ 184 0
9 NAME SMM J123713.9+621827 AGN 12 37 13.86 +62 18 26.2     27.4 27.3 26.5 ~ 34 1
10 Mrk 231 Sy1 12 56 14.2341182928 +56 52 25.238373852   14.68 13.84     ~ 1914 3
11 IC 4553 SyG 15 34 57.22396 +23 30 11.6084   14.76 13.88     ~ 2847 4
12 WISE J181417.29+341224.9 G 18 14 17.29 +34 12 24.9           ~ 23 0

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2022.09.29-07:55:45

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