2019A&A...623L..11G


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.08.14CEST08:01:07

2019A&A...623L..11G - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 623, L11-11 (2019/3-1)

First direct detection of an exoplanet by optical interferometry. Astrometry and K-band spectroscopy of HR 8799 e.

GRAVITY COLLABORATION, LACOUR S., NOWAK M., WANG J., PFUHL O., EISENHAUER F., ABUTER R., AMORIM A., ANUGU N., BENISTY M., BERGER J.P., BEUST H., BLIND N., BONNEFOY M., BONNET H., BOURGET P., BRANDNER W., BURON A., COLLIN C., CHARNAY B., CHAPRON F., CLENET Y., COUDE DU FORESTO V., DE ZEEUW P.T., DEEN C., DEMBET R., DEXTER J., DUVERT G., ECKART A., FORSTER SCHREIBER N.M., FEDOU P., GARCIA P., GARCIA LOPEZ R., GAO F., GENDRON E., GENZEL R., GILLESSEN S., GORDO P., GREENBAUM A., HABIBI M., HAUBOIS X., HAUSSMANN F., HENNING T., HIPPLER S., HORROBIN M., HUBERT Z., JIMENEZ ROSALES A., JOCOU L., KENDREW S., KERVELLA P., KOLB J., LAGRANGE A.-M., LAPEYRERE V., LE BOUQUIN J.-B., LENA P., LIPPA M., LENZEN R., MAIRE A.-L., MOLLIERE P., OTT T., PAUMARD T., PERRAUT K., PERRIN G., PUEYO L., RABIEN S., RAMIREZ A., RAU C., RODRIGUEZ-COIRA G., ROUSSET G., SANCHEZ-BERMUDEZ J., SCHEITHAUER S., SCHUHLER N., STRAUB O., STRAUBMEIER C., STURM E., TACCONI L.J., VINCENT F., VAN DISHOECK E.F., VON FELLENBERG S., WANK I., WAISBERG I., WIDMANN F., WIEPRECHT E., WIEST M., WIEZORREK E., WOILLEZ J., YAZICI S., ZIEGLER D. and ZINS G.

Abstract (from CDS):


Aims. To date, infrared interferometry at best achieved contrast ratios of a few times 10–4 on bright targets. GRAVITY, with its dual-field mode, is now capable of high contrast observations, enabling the direct observation of exoplanets. We demonstrate the technique on HR 8799, a young planetary system composed of four known giant exoplanets.
Methods. We used the GRAVITY fringe tracker to lock the fringes on the central star, and integrated off-axis on the HR 8799 e planet situated at 390mas from the star. Data reduction included post-processing to remove the flux leaking from the central star and to extract the coherent flux of the planet. The inferred K band spectrum of the planet has a spectral resolution of 500. We also derive the astrometric position of the planet relative to the star with a precision on the order of 100µas.
Results. The GRAVITY astrometric measurement disfavors perfectly coplanar stable orbital solutions. A small adjustment of a few degrees to the orbital inclination of HR 8799 e can resolve the tension, implying that the orbits are close to, but not strictly coplanar. The spectrum, with a signal-to-noise ratio of ~=5 per spectral channel, is compatible with a late-type L brown dwarf. Using Exo-REM synthetic spectra, we derive a temperature of 1150±50K and a surface gravity of 104.3±0.3cm/s2. This corresponds to a radius of 1.17–0.11+0.13RJup and a mass of 10–4+7MJup, which is an independent confirmation of mass estimates from evolutionary models. Our results demonstrate the power of interferometry for the direct detection and spectroscopic study of exoplanets at close angular separations from their stars.

Abstract Copyright: © S. Lacour et al. 2019

Journal keyword(s): stars: individual: HR 8799 - planets and satellites: atmospheres - planet-star interactions - techniques: interferometric

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/623/L11): sp.dat>

Simbad objects: 6

goto Full paper

goto View the reference in ADS

Number of rows : 6

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NAME Columba Association As* 06 14.0 -40 03           ~ 205 0
2 NAME Luhman 16 ** 10 49 18.915 -53 19 10.08   16.86 16.20   14.95 L7.5+T0.5 72 0
3 NAME Luhman 16A BD* 10 49 19.0 -53 19 10           L7.5 30 0
4 * 51 Peg b Pl 22 57 27.9804167474 +20 46 07.782240714           ~ 527 1
5 HD 218396 El* 23 07 28.7156905667 +21 08 03.302133882   6.21 5.953     F0+VkA5mA5 900 0
6 HD 218396e Pl 23 07 28.7156905667 +21 08 03.302133882           ~ 125 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2019A&A...623L..11G and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


2020.08.14-08:01:07

© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact