2019A&A...626A..20M


Query : 2019A&A...626A..20M

2019A&A...626A..20M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 626A, 20-20 (2019/6-1)

MONOS: Multiplicity Of Northern O-type Spectroscopic systems. I. Project description and spectral classifications and visual multiplicity of previously known objects.

MAIZ-APELLANIZ J., TRIGUEROS PAEZ E., NEGUERUELA I., BARBA R.H., SIMON-DIAZ S., LORENZO J., SOTA A., GAMEN R.C., FARINA C., SALAS J., CABALLERO J.A., MORRELL N.I., PELLERIN A., ALFARO E.J., HERRERO A., ARIAS J.I. and MARCO A.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. Multiplicity in massive stars is key to understanding the chemical and dynamical evolution of galaxies. Among massive stars, those of O type play a crucial role due to their high masses and short lifetimes.
Aims. MONOS (Multiplicity Of Northern O-type Spectroscopic systems) is a project designed to collect information and study O-type spectroscopic binaries with δ>-20°. In this first paper we describe the sample and provide spectral classifications and additional information for objects with previous spectroscopic and/or eclipsing binary orbits. In future papers we will test the validity of previous solutions and calculate new spectroscopic orbits.
Methods. The spectra in this paper have two sources: the Galactic O-Star Spectroscopic Survey (GOSSS), a project that obtains blue-violet R∼2500 spectroscopy of thousands of massive stars, and LiLiMaRlin, a library of libraries of high-resolution spectroscopy of massive stars obtained from four different surveys (CAFE-BEANS, OWN, IACOB, and NoMaDS) and additional data from our own observing programs and public archives. We have also used lucky images obtained with AstraLux.
Results. We present homogeneous spectral classifications for 92 O-type spectroscopic multiple systems and ten optical companions, many of them original. We discuss the visual multiplicity of each system with the support of AstraLux images and additional sources. For eleven O-type objects and for six B-type objects we present their first GOSSS spectral classifications. For two known eclipsing binaries we detect double absorption lines (SB2) or a single moving line (SB1) for the first time, to which we add a third system reported by us recently. For two previous SB1 systems we detect their SB2 nature for the first time and give their first separate spectral classifications, something we have also done for a third object just recently identified as a SB2. We also detect nine new astrometric companions and provide updated information on several others. We emphasize the results for two stars: for σ Ori AaAbB we provide spectral classifications for the three components with a single observation for the first time thanks to a lucky spectroscopy observation obtained close to the Aa,Ab periastron and for θ1 Ori CaCb we add it to the class of Galactic Of?p stars, raising the number of its members to six. Our sample of O-type spectroscopic binaries contains more triple- or higher-order systems than double systems.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2019

Journal keyword(s): stars: kinematics and dynamics - stars: early-type - binaries: general

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/626/A20): tablea2.dat refs.dat>

Errata: erratum vol. 639, art. C1 (2020)

Simbad objects: 128

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Number of rows : 128
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 V* V747 Cep SB* 00 01 46.8678793584 +67 30 25.102332180 11.6 11.38 10.07     O5.5V(n)((f)) 54 0
2 HD 108 SB* 00 06 03.3890541936 +63 40 46.771220928 6.79 7.58 7.40     O4-8f?p 324 0
3 HD 229 * 00 06 53.6551889664 -56 50 48.344075520   10.532 9.602     K1III 12 0
4 HD 228 * 00 06 56.3409924504 -43 59 06.803241792   8.898 8.744     G8III 19 0
5 HD 226 PM* 00 07 01.9505170224 -21 49 56.142447528   9.55 8.87     G2V 8 0
6 V* AO Cas SB* 00 17 43.0633133256 +51 25 59.116450728 5.04 6.01 6.14     O9.2II+O8V((f)) 328 0
7 HD 12323 SB* 02 02 30.1268458032 +55 37 26.372271540 7.95 8.87 8.92     ON9.2V 184 0
8 HD 14622 PM* 02 22 50.3034199104 +41 23 46.657521456   6.063 5.795     F0III-IV 53 0
9 HD 14633 SB* 02 22 54.2923246536 +41 28 47.724359448 6.14 8.79 8.73 8.69   ON8.5V 224 0
10 V* DN Cas SB* 02 23 11.5401628296 +60 49 50.178378072 10.22 10.46 9.93     O8.5V 87 0
11 HD 15137 SB* 02 27 59.8113542520 +52 32 57.589857672 7 7.92 7.86     O9.5II-IIIn 129 0
12 BD+60 497 Y*O 02 31 57.0901516200 +61 36 43.948697940 10.466 9.39 8.85     O6.5V((f))+O8/B0V 104 0
13 HD 15558 Y*O 02 32 42.5366901168 +61 27 21.572901360 7.82 8.37 7.87 7.34 6.94 O4.5III(f) 313 0
14 AG+61 253 * 02 40 44.7754371168 +61 16 49.428608844   10.29 9.83     F5V 9 0
15 HD 16429 SB* 02 40 44.9492589168 +61 16 55.995618720 7.91 8.29 7.67     O9.5III+F4V 161 1
16 HD 17505 ** 02 51 07.97514 +60 25 03.8720 6.83 7.47 7.07     O6.5III((f))n+O8V 195 0
17 HD 17505A SB* 02 51 07.9757146754 +60 25 03.878320170   7.664 7.356     O6.5IIIn(f) 9 0
18 HD 17505B * 02 51 08.2655319592 +60 25 03.769727967   9.35 9.06     O8V 5 0
19 V* CC Cas SB* 03 14 05.3361655368 +59 33 48.485582712 7.07 7.56 7.08     O8.5III(n)((f)) 292 0
20 BD+56 864 SB* 03 59 18.2933470368 +57 14 13.757279424 10.837 9.93 9.80     O5.5V(n)+O6.5V(n) 50 0
21 V* SZ Cam EB* 04 07 49.2849421032 +62 19 58.626896088 6.82 7.26 6.93     O9.5Vn 219 1
22 * alf Cam s*b 04 54 03.0103983 +66 20 33.636467 3.47 4.34 4.29 4.18 4.18 O9Ia 661 1
23 V* IU Aur SB* 05 27 52.3995663216 +34 46 58.262388600 7.91 8.55 8.37     O9.5V+B0.2V 181 0
24 HD 35921B * 05 29 42.628 +35 22 29.89   8.56 8.35     B0.2IV 6 0
25 HD 35921 EB* 05 29 42.6497086888 +35 22 30.097742031 6.23         O9II 243 0
26 HD 35921A SB* 05 29 42.653 +35 22 30.12   7.30 7.17     O9.5II+O9III 4 0
27 * del Ori A SB* 05 32 00.398192 -00 17 56.68527           O9.5II+B1V+B0IV 30 0
28 * del Ori SB* 05 32 00.40009 -00 17 56.7424 0.96 2.02 2.41 2.32 2.54 O9.5IINwk 778 0
29 * tet01 Ori A Ae* 05 35 15.8254015008 -05 23 14.334699480 5.87 6.75 6.73 6.42 6.21 B0V 484 1
30 * tet01 Ori C SB* 05 35 16.4662967280 -05 23 22.921811880 4.20 5.15 5.13 4.91 4.73 O7Vp 1398 1
31 NAME Ori Trapezium OpC 05 35 16.5 -05 23 14           ~ 1612 1
32 M 42 HII 05 35 17 -05 23.4           ~ 4057 0
33 * tet02 Ori A SB* 05 35 22.9012398264 -05 24 57.832632108 5.37 6.30 6.39 6.30 6.35 O9.5IVp 538 0
34 * iot Ori SB* 05 35 25.9819073 -05 54 35.643537 1.45 2.53 2.77     O9IIIvar 772 0
35 * sig Ori Y*O 05 38 44.7653828520 -02 36 00.283179888 2.54 3.58 3.79 3.87 4.11 O9.5V+B0.2V(n) 800 0
36 HD 37366 SB* 05 39 24.8024332824 +30 53 26.763532368 6.99 7.71 7.64     O9.5IV 80 0
37 * zet Ori ** 05 40 45.52666 -01 56 33.2649 0.50 1.56 1.77 1.85 2.05 O9.7Ib+B0III 356 0
38 * zet Ori A SB* 05 40 45.527143 -01 56 33.26036   1.79 1.90     O9.2IbvarNwk 665 0
39 HD 37737 SB* 05 42 31.1584798320 +36 12 00.508318740 8.02 8.30 8.06     O9.5II-III(n) 93 0
40 NAME Cam Cloud Cld 06 31 +71.2           ~ 67 0
41 HD 46149 Y*O 06 31 52.5319291296 +05 01 59.178678024 7.03 7.80 7.61 7.54 7.36 O8.5V 276 0
42 HD 46573 SB* 06 34 23.5692982800 +02 32 02.944339980 7.61 8.27 7.93     O7V((f))z 129 0
43 HD 47129 SB* 06 37 24.0420854544 +06 08 07.369104444 5.23 6.11 6.06     O8I+O7.5III 397 0
44 NGC 2264 OpC 06 40 52.1 +09 52 37           ~ 1779 0
45 * 15 Mon Be* 06 40 58.65963 +09 53 44.7229 3.360 4.45 4.68   4.88 O7V+B1.5/2V 800 0
46 HD 48099 Be* 06 41 59.2308626256 +06 20 43.532571372 5.38 6.32 6.37 6.30 6.35 O5V((f))z+O9:V 293 0
47 HD 52533 SB* 07 01 27.0486333888 -03 07 03.286283952 6.66 7.57 7.68     O8.5IVn 116 0
48 HD 53975 SB* 07 06 35.9651934840 -12 23 38.220633600 5.38 6.40 6.50 6.51   O7.5Vz 196 0
49 HD 54662 SB* 07 09 20.2493151288 -10 20 47.635088964 5.35 6.24 6.21 7.23   O6.5Vz(n)+O7.5Vz 339 2
50 HD 164438 SB* 18 01 52.2806275248 -19 06 22.079599596 7.37 8.89 8.76 8.28   O9.2IV 93 0
51 HD 166734 s*b 18 12 24.6551425392 -10 43 53.060750040 9.36 9.49 8.42 7.33 6.47 O7.5Iabf 179 0
52 HD 167771 SB* 18 17 28.5570708120 -18 27 48.424975128 5.81 6.65 6.54 7.43   O7III((f))+O8III 183 0
53 NGC 6604 OpC 18 18 03 -12 14.5           ~ 137 0
54 HD 167971 s*b 18 18 05.8947362832 -12 14 33.313601112 7.89 8.27 7.50 6.68 6.279 O8Iaf(n)+O4/5 293 0
55 BD-13 4923 Y*O 18 18 32.7310836576 -13 45 11.867150808 11.184 10.85 10.08 10.04 8.529 O4V((f+))+O7.5V 55 0
56 HD 168075 SB* 18 18 36.0418343184 -13 47 36.449731536 8.62 9.22 8.77 9.45   O7V(n)((f))z 141 0
57 HD 168112 SB* 18 18 40.8671461608 -12 06 23.367244644 8.81 9.21 8.52 9.24   O5III(f) 144 0
58 HD 168137 SB* 18 18 56.1894798360 -13 48 31.092549588 8.72 9.36 8.94 9.55   O8Vz 121 0
59 V* QR Ser SB* 18 18 58.6907022768 -13 59 28.456622916 7.92 8.55 8.28 9.07   O9.5III+B3-5V/III 86 0
60 HD 168206 WR* 18 19 07.3629298440 -11 37 59.164994424 9.65 9.88 9.10     WC8+O8/9III/V 299 1
61 NGC 6618 OpC 18 20 47 -16 10.3           ~ 1605 0
62 BD-16 4826 Y*O 18 21 02.2332989664 -16 01 01.007289984 10.28 10.61 9.98 9.95   O5.5V((f))z 49 0
63 V* RY Sct Be* 18 25 31.4771300232 -12 41 24.192361500 10.25 10.38 9.12 9.46   O9.7Ibep 300 2
64 V* V479 Sct HXB 18 26 15.0561548880 -14 50 54.247274304 12.02 12.23 11.27 11.04   ON6V((f))z 564 2
65 TYC 6266-2196-1 Be* 18 28 24.5391865776 -16 42 19.652652936 10 9.88 9.83 10.45   OB: 9 0
66 V* V2349 Sgr SB* 18 28 25.1041256232 -16 42 04.473545940 8.02 8.737 8.671 8.87 9.18 O9.5V 39 0
67 V* V1182 Aql SB* 18 55 23.1255094080 +09 20 48.087475944 8.73 9.10 8.64     O7V(n)((f))z+B 115 0
68 IC 4848 EmG 19 22 54.565 -56 46 50.98   14.88   14.07   ~ 9 0
69 HD 186943 WR* 19 46 15.9393580368 +28 16 19.077099276 9.86 10.50 10.23     WN3+O9.5V 188 0
70 * 9 Sge s*b 19 52 21.7649260368 +18 40 18.751320984 5.32 6.24 6.23     O7.5Iabf 292 1
71 HD 226868 HXB 19 58 21.6757355952 +35 12 05.784512688 9.38 9.72 8.91 8.42   O9.7Iabpvar 4304 0
72 NAME Cyg A Sy2 19 59 28.35656837 +40 44 02.0972325   16.22 15.10     ~ 2353 2
73 HD 190918 WR* 20 05 57.3244526328 +35 47 18.150756792 6.11 6.88 6.75     WN5+O9I 368 0
74 V* V448 Cyg SB* 20 06 09.9484340064 +35 23 09.618394920 7.89 8.45 8.16     O9.5V+B1Ib 152 0
75 HD 191201A SB* 20 07 23.6852363280 +35 43 05.868781979   7.54 7.43     O9.5III+B0IV 8 0
76 HD 191612 SB* 20 09 28.6105997664 +35 44 01.286453904 7.40 8.07 7.80     O8fpe 238 0
77 V* V2011 Cyg SB* 20 12 33.1203741480 +40 16 05.445674868 7.32 7.85 7.55     O4.5V(n)((f)) 207 0
78 HD 228766 WR* 20 17 29.7041883216 +37 18 31.128288048 9.42 9.79 9.14     O4If+O8:II: 113 0
79 HD 193322B * 20 18 06.7686775152 +40 43 54.353055468   8.31 8.23     B1.5V 13 0
80 HD 193322A SB* 20 18 06.9878053728 +40 43 55.501814100   6.004 5.958     O9IV(n) 18 0
81 Cl Collinder 419 OpC 20 18 08.2 +40 43 55           ~ 44 0
82 V* V382 Cyg SB* 20 18 47.2202814912 +36 20 26.085111756 9.35 9.19 8.65     O6IVn+O5Vn 191 0
83 HD 193443 SB* 20 18 51.7093796362 +38 16 46.504188062 7.11 7.59 7.26     O8.5III:((f))+O9.2:IV: 142 0
84 HD 193576 WR* 20 19 32.4229160448 +38 43 53.959035756 8.15 8.53 8.00     WN5+O6II-V 704 0
85 V* V478 Cyg SB* 20 19 38.7476920032 +38 20 09.195280836   9.16 8.767     B0Vp 190 0
86 HD 228989 SB* 20 20 21.3976505040 +38 41 59.688769308 10.29 10.49 9.686     O9.5V+O9.5V 34 0
87 HD 193793 WR* 20 20 27.9757908696 +43 51 16.286840244 6.90 7.25 6.85 4.58   WC7pd+O5.5fc 705 0
88 HD 229232 SB* 20 23 59.1861751224 +39 06 15.291161496 10.17 10.303 9.500 9.330   O4Vn((f)) 41 0
89 HD 229234 SB* 20 24 01.2995078760 +38 30 49.566276036 9.5 9.58 8.94     O9III 74 0
90 HD 194649 SB* 20 25 22.1272777920 +40 13 01.206964704 9.86 9.93 9.07     O5.5V((f))+O7Vz 44 0
91 BD+36 4063 SB* 20 25 40.6036899936 +37 22 27.052816368 10.93 10.67 9.656     ON9.7Ib 44 0
92 V* V1827 Cyg s*b 20 30 27.3018237840 +41 13 25.130220744     13.053     O6Iaf+O9Ia 36 0
93 Schulte 1 SB* 20 31 10.544472 +41 31 53.52024 12.82 12.69 11.09 10.57   O8V+B 64 0
94 RLP 1592 SB* 20 31 18.3295427976 +41 21 21.703264884 15.88 15.09 12.99     O9III+ 27 0
95 BD+40 4212 SB* 20 31 37.5053189952 +41 13 21.001757520 12.46 11.5 10.214     O6IV:+O9III 79 1
96 Schulte 20 SB* 20 31 49.6575031512 +41 28 26.510600388 12.67 12.63 11.52     O9III+B 46 0
97 BD+40 4220 s*b 20 32 22.4238071594 +41 18 18.942475904 11.32 10.61 9.185     O7Iafep 397 0
98 BD+40 4220B s*b 20 32 22.4904818661 +41 18 19.460670386           O6.5Iabfp 4 0
99 Schulte 15 SB* 20 32 27.6544131144 +41 26 22.073616744 12.39 12.30 11.10     O8V+B 52 0
100 [CPR2002] A11 SB* 20 32 31.5336715464 +41 14 08.190216276           O7Ib(f) 27 0
101 Schulte 41 SB* 20 32 59.6317342392 +41 15 14.679727632 16.54 15.59 13.49     O9.7III(n) 34 0
102 RLP 666 SB* 20 33 02.9131259304 +41 17 43.161301572 15.67 15.06 12.94 12.18   O8V+G-O 35 0
103 Schulte 22 SB* 20 33 08.799 +41 13 18.21 14.33 13.59 11.55     O3If*+O6V((f)) 72 0
104 Schulte 22B SB* 20 33 08.8427353416 +41 13 17.413536036           O6V+A-O 18 0
105 Schulte 50 SB* 20 33 09.60288 +41 13 00.5520 15.52 14.82 12.86 12.32   O9V+B9V-A0V 34 1
106 Schulte 9 s*b 20 33 10.7362926720 +41 15 08.222370372 13.38 12.77 10.96     O5I+O4III 230 0
107 Ass Cyg OB 2 As* 20 33.2 +41 19           ~ 938 0
108 RLP 853 SB* 20 33 13.2612575376 +41 13 28.656230412 16.63 15.76 13.61     O6.5V((f)) 36 0
109 BD+40 4227A SB* 20 33 15.0781182864 +41 18 50.479292556 10.42 10.27 8.98 8.03 6.83 O6Ib(fc)+O4.5:III:(fc) 246 0
110 RLP 680 SB* 20 33 18.0338622552 +41 21 36.661612428 13.9 12.72 11.82     O8V+B-O 38 0
111 Schulte 70 SB* 20 33 36.9940107864 +41 16 11.325832716 14.46 14.06 12.40     O9.5IV(n) 36 0
112 Schulte 27 SB* 20 33 59.5281120792 +41 17 35.477936340 14.44 13.97 12.203   10.250 O9.7V(n)+O9.7V(n) 50 0
113 BD+41 3807 SB* 20 34 08.5147948176 +41 36 59.408503092 11.74 11.52 10.03     O5.5Ifc 128 0
114 Schulte 29 SB* 20 34 13.5108732672 +41 35 02.859602280 13.59 13.41 11.91     O7V+B-O 42 0
115 Schulte 73 SB* 20 34 21.9323730840 +41 17 01.655524788   14.13 12.40     O8Vz+O8Vz 31 0
116 RLP 335 SB* 20 34 29.5987121592 +41 31 45.516383076 14.72 13.30 11.64     O7V+O9V 45 0
117 LS III +46 11 s*b 20 35 12.6369328512 +46 51 12.108461292 12.46 12.295 10.926 10.005   O3.5If*+O3.5If* 33 0
118 Cl Berkeley 90 OpC 20 35 17 +46 50.6           ~ 30 0
119 V* Y Cyg SB* 20 52 03.5771840640 +34 39 27.486121104 6.31 7.23 7.32     O9.5IV+O9.5IV 370 1
120 HD 199579 SB* 20 56 34.7779063080 +44 55 29.000891928 5.16 6.01 5.96     O6.5V((f))z 365 0
121 * 68 Cyg SB* 21 18 27.1862219256 +43 56 45.399147864 4.05 4.99 5.00     O7.5IIIn((f)) 373 0
122 HD 206267 SB* 21 38 57.6195772032 +57 29 20.554016280 5.09 5.83 5.62   5.56 O6.0V((f))+O9:V 498 0
123 * 14 Cep SB* 22 02 04.5726270264 +58 00 01.309758516 4.77 5.551 5.542     O9IV(n)var+B1:V: 255 0
124 MR 114 WR* 22 09 33.4430950032 +57 44 30.527883600 12.78 12.946 12.078 11.853   WN4+O5V 140 0
125 HD 211853 WR* 22 18 45.6057566664 +56 07 33.898679364 8.84 9.534 9.236 9.108   WN6o+O6I 275 0
126 LS III +58 38 SB* 22 34 45.9851018904 +58 18 04.690881468 9.8 10.45 10.30     O9III:(n) 16 0
127 HD 215835 SB* 22 46 54.1107754872 +58 05 03.533752788 8.24 8.85 8.629   8.049 O5.5V((f))+O6V((f)) 252 0
128 LS III +56 109 SB* 22 55 44.9377506456 +56 28 36.644440404   11.11 10.68     O5.5V(n)((fc))+B 21 0

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