2019A&A...626A.117P


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.14CEST17:59:49

2019A&A...626A.117P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 626A, 117-117 (2019/6-1)

Search for transient optical counterparts to high-energy IceCube neutrinos with Pan-STARRS1.

PAN-STARRS COLLABORATION, KANKARE E., HUBER M., SMARTT S.J., CHAMBERS K., SMITH K.W., McBRIEN O., CHEN T.-W., FLEWELLING H., LOWE T., MAGNIER E., SCHULTZ A., WATERS C., WAINSCOAT R.J., WILLMAN M., WRIGHT D., YOUNG D. (The IceCube Collaboration), AARTSEN M.G., ACKERMANN M., ADAMS J., AGUILAR J.A., AHLERS M., AHRENS M., ALISPACH C., ALTMANN D., ANDEEN K., ANDERSON T., ANSSEAU I., ANTON G., ARGUELLES C., AUFFENBERG J., AXANI S., BACKES P., BAGHERPOUR H., BAI X., BARBANO A., BARWICK S.W., BAUM V., BAY R., BEATTY J.J., BECKER K.-H., BECKER TJUS J., BENZVI S., BERLEY D., BERNARDINI E., BESSON D.Z., BINDER G., BINDIG D., BLAUFUSS E., BLOT S., BOHM C., BORNER M., BOSER S., BOTNER O., BOURBEAU E., BOURBEAU J., BRADASCIO F., BRAUN J., BRETZ H.-P., BRON S., BROSTEAN-KAISER J., BURGMAN A., BUSSE R.S., CARVER T., CHEN C., CHEUNG E., CHIRKIN D., CLARK K., CLASSEN L., COLLIN G.H., CONRAD J.M., COPPIN P., CORREA P., COWEN D.F., CROSS R., DAVE P., DE ANDRE J.P.A.M., DE CLERCQ C., DELAUNAY J.J., DEMBINSKI H., DEOSKAR K., DE RIDDER S., DESIATI P., DE VRIES K.D., DE WASSEIGE G., DE WITH M., DEYOUNG T., DIAZ-VELEZ J.C., DUJMOVIC H., DUNKMAN M., DVORAK E., EBERHARDT B., EHRHARDT T., ELLER P., EVENSON P.A., FAHEY S., FAZELY A.R., FELDE J., FILIMONOV K., FINLEY C., FRANCKOWIAK A., FRIEDMAN E., FRITZ A., GAISSER T.K., GALLAGHER J., GANSTER E., GARRAPPA S., GERHARDT L., GHORBANI K., GLAUCH T., GLUSENKAMP T., GOLDSCHMIDT A., GONZALEZ J.G., GRANT D., GRIFFITH Z., GUNDUZ M., HAACK C., HALLGREN A., HALVE L., HALZEN F., HANSON K., HEBECKER D., HEEREMAN D., HELBING K., HELLAUER R., HENNINGSEN F., HICKFORD S., HIGNIGHT J., HILL G.C., HOFFMAN K.D., HOFFMANN R., HOINKA T., HOKANSON-FASIG B., HOSHINA K., HUANG F., HUBER M., HULTQVIST K., HUNNEFELD M., HUSSAIN R., IN S., IOVINE N., ISHIHARA A., JACOBI E., JAPARIDZE G.S., JEONG M., JERO K., JONES B.J.P., KALACZYNSKI P., KANG W., KAPPES A., KAPPESSER D., KARG T., KARL M., KARLE A., KATZ U., KAUER M., KEIVANI A., KELLEY J.L., KHEIRANDISH A., KIM J., KINTSCHER T., KIRYLUK J., KITTLER T., KLEIN S.R., KOIRALA R., KOLANOSKI H., KOPKE L., KOPPER C., KOPPER S., KOSKINEN D.J., KOWALSKI M., KRINGS K., KRUCKL G., KULACZ N., KUNWAR S., KURAHASHI N., KYRIACOU A., LABARE M., LANFRANCHI J.L., LARSON M.J., LAUBER F., LAZAR J.P., LEONARD K., LEUERMANN M., LIU Q.R., LOHFINK E., LOZANO MARISCAL C.J., LU L., LUCARELLI F., LUNEMANN J., LUSZCZAK W., MADSEN J., MAGGI G., MAHN K.B.M., MAKINO Y., MALLOT K., MANCINA S., MARIS I.C., MARUYAMA R., MASE K., MAUNU R., MEAGHER K., MEDICI M., MEDINA A., MEIER M., MEIGHEN-BERGER S., MENNE T., MERINO G., MEURES T., MIARECKI S., MICALLEF J., MOMENTE G., MONTARULI T., MOORE R.W., MOULAI M., NAGAI R., NAHNHAUER R., NAKARMI P., NAUMANN U., NEER G., NIEDERHAUSEN H., NOWICKI S.C., NYGREN D.R., OBERTACKE POLLMANN A., OLIVAS A., O'MURCHADHA A., O'SULLIVAN E., PALCZEWSKI T., PANDYA H., PANKOVA D.V., PARK N., PEIFFER P., PEREZ DE LOS HEROS C., PIELOTH D., PINAT E., PIZZUTO A., PLUM M., PRICE P.B., PRZYBYLSKI G.T., RAAB C., RAISSI A., RAMEEZ M., RAUCH L., RAWLINS K., REA I.C., REIMANN R., RELETHFORD B., RENZI G., RESCONI E., RHODE W., RICHMAN M., ROBERTSON S., RONGEN M., ROTT C., RUHE T., RYCKBOSCH D., RYSEWYK D., SAFA I., SANCHEZ HERRERA S.E., SANDROCK A., SANDROOS J., SANTANDER M., SARKAR S., SARKAR S., SATALECKA K., SCHAUFEL M., SCHLUNDER P., SCHMIDT T., SCHNEIDER A., SCHNEIDER J., SCHUMACHER L., SCLAFANI S., SECKEL D., SEUNARINE S., SILVA M., SNIHUR R., SOEDINGREKSO J., SOLDIN D., SONG M., SPICZAK G.M., SPIERING C., STACHURSKA J., STAMATIKOS M., STANEV T., STASIK A., STEIN R., STETTNER J., STEUER A., STEZELBERGER T., STOKSTAD R.G., STOSSL A., STROTJOHANN N.L., STUTTARD T., SULLIVAN G.W., SUTHERLAND M., TABOADA I., TENHOLT F., TER-ANTONYAN S., TERLIUK A., TILAV S., TOMANKOVA L., TONNIS C., TOSCANO S., TOSI D., TSELENGIDOU M., TUNG C.F., TURCATI A., TURCOTTE R., TURLEY C.F., TY B., UNGER E., UNLAND ELORRIETA M.A., USNER M., VANDENBROUCKE J., VAN DRIESSCHE W., VAN EIJK D., VAN EIJNDHOVEN N., VANHEULE S., VAN SANTEN J., VRAEGHE M., WALCK C., WALLACE A., WALLRAFF M., WANDKOWSKY N., WATSON T.B., WEAVER C., WEISS M.J., WELDERT J., WENDT C., WERTHEBACH J., WESTERHOFF S., WHELAN B.J., WHITEHORN N., WIEBE K., WIEBUSCH C.H., WILLE L., WILLIAMS D.R., WILLS L., WOLF M., WOOD J., WOOD T.R., WOSCHNAGG K., WREDE G., XU D.L., XU X.W., XU Y., YANEZ J.P., YODH G., YOSHIDA S., YUAN T. and NORDIN J.

Abstract (from CDS):

In order to identify the sources of the observed diffuse high-energy neutrino flux, it is crucial to discover their electromagnetic counterparts. To increase the sensitivity of detecting counterparts of transient or variable sources by telescopes with a limited field of view, IceCube began releasing alerts for single high-energy (Eν>60TeV) neutrino detections with sky localisation regions of order 1° radius in 2016. We used Pan-STARRS1 to follow-up five of these alerts during 2016-2017 to search for any optical transients that may be related to the neutrinos. Typically 10-20 faint (miP1≤22.5mag) extragalactic transients are found within the Pan-STARRS1 footprints and are generally consistent with being unrelated field supernovae (SNe) and AGN. We looked for unusual properties of the detected transients, such as temporal coincidence of explosion epoch with the IceCube timestamp, or other peculiar light curve and physical properties. We found only one transient that had properties worthy of a specific follow-up. In the Pan-STARRS1 imaging for IceCube-160427A (probability to be of astrophysical origin of ∼50%), we found a SN PS16cgx, located at 10.0' from the nominal IceCube direction. Spectroscopic observations of PS16cgx showed that it was an H-poor SN at redshift z=0.2895±0.0001. The spectra and light curve resemble some high-energy Type Ic SNe, raising the possibility of a jet driven SN with an explosion epoch temporally coincident with the neutrino detection. However, distinguishing Type Ia and Type Ic SNe at this redshift is notoriously difficult. Based on all available data we conclude that the transient is more likely to be a Type Ia with relatively weak SiII absorption and a fairly normal rest-frame r-band light curve. If, as predicted, there is no high-energy neutrino emission from Type Ia SNe, then PS16cgx must be a random coincidence, and unrelated to the IceCube-160427A. We find no other plausible optical transient for any of the five IceCube events observed down to a 5σ limiting magnitude of miP1~=22mag, between 1-day and 25-days after detection.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2019

Journal keyword(s): astroparticle physics - neutrinos - supernovae: general

Status at CDS:   Examining the need for a new acronym.

Simbad objects: 133

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Number of rows : 133

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 SN 2002ap SN* 01 36 23.85 +15 45 13.2   13.11 14.54     SNIc-BL 491 1
2 SN 2005hc SN* 01 56 47.976 -00 12 48.62           SNIa 71 1
3 NAME PS 16fhi ev 02 38 35.74 +13 05 06.2           ~ 1 0
4 NAME PS 16exc ev 02 41 05.69 +12 55 59.3           ~ 1 0
5 NAME PS 16exd ev 02 41 08.05 +13 03 59.2           ~ 1 0
6 SN 2007gr SN* 02 43 27.98 +37 20 44.7       12.77   SNIc 183 1
7 NAME PS 16exf ev 02 44 02.89 +13 30 45.7           ~ 1 0
8 NAME PS 16exg ev 02 44 14.42 +11 37 18.7           ~ 1 0
9 NAME PS 16exh ev 02 44 56.02 +13 15 50.7           ~ 1 0
10 NAME PS 16exi ev 02 45 02.51 +11 52 00.5           ~ 1 0
11 NAME 6K3Ghjo ev 02 47 45.09 +12 46 20.8           ~ 1 0
12 SN 2005eq SN* 03 08 49.31 -07 01 59.7     17.4     SNIa 63 1
13 SN 2006aj SN* 03 21 39.670 +16 52 02.27 17.96 19.11 17.40     SNIc-BL 828 1
14 LSQ 14efd SN* 03 35 38.76 -58 52 38.3           SNII 7 0
15 QSO J0509+0541 BLL 05 09 25.9645434784 +05 41 35.333636817 15.32 14.95 14.78 15.12   ~ 215 2
16 IceCube-170922A ev 05 09.7 +05 43           ~ 60 0
17 SN 1987A SN* 05 35 28.020 -69 16 11.07           SNIIpec 4485 2
18 NAME PS 17byo ev 06 27 54.74 -14 26 07.5           ~ 1 0
19 NAME PS 17byn ev 06 27 58.43 -15 59 18.9           ~ 1 0
20 NAME PS 17cdz ev 06 27 59.29 -15 09 06.1           ~ 1 0
21 NAME PS 17cdy ev 06 29 00.76 -15 27 28.7           ~ 1 0
22 IceCube-170321A ev 06 33.3 -14 29           ~ 4 0
23 NAME PS 17cea ev 06 34 43.80 -13 41 48.8           ~ 1 0
24 NAME PS 17ceb ev 06 36 32.74 -15 15 51.9           ~ 1 0
25 NAME 7C3Gjfw ev 06 37 41.71 -14 17 43.7           ~ 1 0
26 PTF 12csy SN* 06 58 32.744 +17 15 44.37           SNIIn 4 0
27 SN 2005na SN* 07 01 36.62 +14 07 59.7     16.1     SNIa 53 1
28 SN 2009bb SN* 10 31 33.92 -39 57 28.2           SNIc 134 1
29 NAME Great Attractor SCG 10 32 -46.0           ~ 461 0
30 SN 2006ax SN* 11 24 03.46 -12 17 29.2     17.1     SNIa 73 1
31 SN 2004aw SN* 11 57 50.24 +25 15 55.1   18.06       SNIc 161 1
32 IceCube HESE 58537957 128340 ev 13 17 14.4 -32 00 59           ~ 4 0
33 SN 2011fe SN* 14 03 05.711 +54 16 25.22   10.12 10.06     SNIa 508 1
34 NAME PS 16dpr ev 14 12 29.06 -00 36 12.7           ~ 1 0
35 NAME 6H3Ghib ev 14 13 18.14 -00 25 27.6           ~ 1 0
36 NAME PS 16dps ev 14 13 57.45 -00 10 43.4           ~ 1 0
37 SDSS J141417.76+000207.9 G 14 14 17.76168 +00 02 07.9296           ~ 1 0
38 NAME 6H3Ghia ev 14 14 17.77 +00 02 07.8           ~ 1 0
39 NAME PS 16dqf ev 14 14 37.64 +00 46 05.8           ~ 1 0
40 SDSS J141442.38+004325.6 * 14 14 42.38904 +00 43 25.6836           ~ 1 0
41 NAME 6H3Ghij ev 14 14 42.39 +00 43 25.7           ~ 1 0
42 NAME 6H3Ghhx ev 14 14 45.75 -00 27 39.9           ~ 1 0
43 SDSS J141506.06+001806.3 G 14 15 06.06048 +00 18 06.3036           ~ 1 0
44 NAME 6H3Ghis ev 14 15 06.08 +00 18 05.9           ~ 1 0
45 NAME PS 16dpc ev 14 15 14.83 -00 21 15.7           ~ 1 0
46 NAME 6H3Ghjd ev 14 16 00.58 -01 19 20.4           ~ 1 0
47 NAME PS 16dqg ev 14 16 02.51 -00 02 55.1           ~ 1 0
48 NAME PS 16dpd ev 14 16 31.15 -00 56 56.2           ~ 1 0
49 NAME 6H3Ghhu ev 14 16 31.86 +00 34 52.8           ~ 1 0
50 NAME PS 16dpe ev 14 17 12.43 +00 17 23.0           ~ 1 0
51 NAME 6H3Ghik ev 14 17 18.89 -00 39 27.2           ~ 1 0
52 NAME PS 16dpt ev 14 17 19.09 +00 37 43.2           ~ 1 0
53 NAME 6H3Ghhv ev 14 17 21.30 -00 30 50.4           ~ 1 0
54 NAME 6H3Ghhn ev 14 17 40.06 -00 37 59.9           ~ 1 0
55 NAME PS 16dpu ev 14 17 43.93 -00 33 28.5           ~ 1 0
56 NAME PS 16cxe ev 14 18 00.02 -00 14 35.3           ~ 1 0
57 NAME 6H3Ghhq ev 14 18 31.87 -00 50 39.0           ~ 1 0
58 NAME PS 16dpf ev 14 18 32.97 +00 30 40.7           ~ 1 0
59 NAME PS 16cyu ev 14 19 53.22 -01 00 39.6           ~ 1 0
60 NAME PS 16dpv ev 14 20 13.30 -00 45 52.3           ~ 1 0
61 IceCube-160731A ev 14 20 26 -00 27.5           ~ 9 0
62 NAME 6H3Ghhk ev 14 21 01.11 -00 45 38.0           ~ 1 0
63 NAME PS 16dpi SN* 14 21 13.10 +00 25 41.3           SNIa 2 0
64 NAME PS 16dpj ev 14 21 16.17 -01 05 54.4           ~ 1 0
65 NAME PS 16dpk ev 14 21 22.51 -00 47 02.9           ~ 1 0
66 NAME 6H3Ghet ev 14 21 52.69 -00 40 16.9           ~ 1 0
67 NAME PS 16dpl ev 14 23 03.19 +00 05 54.5           ~ 1 0
68 SDSS J142303.54+000552.3 G 14 23 03.545 +00 05 52.30           ~ 3 0
69 NAME PS 16dpm SN* 14 23 20.10 -00 32 16.4           SNIa 2 0
70 SDSS J155928.45+095151.4 G 15 59 28.45248 +09 51 51.4620           ~ 1 0
71 NAME PS 16fnx ev 15 59 28.46 +09 51 51.7           ~ 1 0
72 NAME PS 16fnu ev 15 59 41.19 +09 46 19.7           ~ 1 0
73 SDSS J155941.20+094619.4 * 15 59 41.20296 +09 46 19.4124           ~ 1 0
74 NAME PS 16fnv ev 15 59 41.54 +09 47 50.1           ~ 1 0
75 SDSS J155941.54+094749.8 * 15 59 41.54424 +09 47 49.8768           ~ 1 0
76 NAME PS 16cgw ev 16 00 39.69 +09 39 21.2           ~ 1 0
77 SDSS J160039.70+093919.6 G 16 00 39.70608 +09 39 19.6776           ~ 1 0
78 NAME PS 16chy ev 16 00 44.22 +09 50 40.8           ~ 1 0
79 SDSS J160044.22+095040.6 * 16 00 44.22384 +09 50 40.6608           ~ 1 0
80 SDSS J160115.65+092504.8 G 16 01 15.65568 +09 25 04.8648           ~ 1 0
81 NAME PS 16cfu ev 16 01 15.66 +09 25 04.7           ~ 1 0
82 SDSS J160118.56+095153.7 G 16 01 18.56472 +09 51 53.7840           ~ 1 0
83 NAME PS 16cgx SN? 16 01 18.60 +09 51 53.1           ~ 3 0
84 SDSS J160119.77+101218.7 * 16 01 19.77264 +10 12 18.7488           ~ 1 0
85 NAME PS 16fnz ev 16 01 19.78 +10 12 18.7           ~ 1 0
86 SDSS J160124.77+100201.5 * 16 01 24.77088 +10 02 01.5036           ~ 1 0
87 NAME PS 16fns ev 16 01 24.78 +10 02 01.6           ~ 1 0
88 NAME PS 16fnt ev 16 01 28.08 +10 02 51.0           ~ 1 0
89 SDSS J160133.99+094759.0 * 16 01 33.99792 +09 47 59.0856           ~ 1 0
90 NAME PS 16cfv ev 16 01 34.00 +09 47 59.1           ~ 1 0
91 SDSS J160139.09+092159.5 QSO 16 01 39.0953499620 +09 21 59.415278581   20.00 19.81     ~ 12 0
92 NAME PS 16cfw ev 16 01 39.10 +09 21 59.5           ~ 1 0
93 NAME PS 16fnw ev 16 01 53.38 +10 05 21.7           ~ 1 0
94 SDSS J160153.37+100521.7 QSO 16 01 53.3813073968 +10 05 21.642093118           ~ 5 0
95 NAME PS 16dov ev 16 01 53.91 +09 52 44.2           ~ 1 0
96 SDSS J160153.91+095244.3 QSO 16 01 53.9179205788 +09 52 44.291451689           ~ 6 0
97 SDSS J160202.18+094907.7 * 16 02 02.18712 +09 49 07.6980           ~ 1 0
98 NAME PS 16dow ev 16 02 02.19 +09 49 07.7           ~ 1 0
99 SDSS J160205.21+094630.3 QSO 16 02 05.2082543089 +09 46 30.359337230           ~ 4 0
100 NAME PS 16cfy ev 16 02 05.21 +09 46 30.4           ~ 1 0
101 SDSS J160211.95+095407.7 G 16 02 11.95152 +09 54 07.7796           ~ 1 0
102 NAME PS 16cfz ev 16 02 11.96 +09 54 07.9           ~ 1 0
103 IceCube-160427A ev 16 02.3 +09 20           ~ 4 0
104 NAME PS 16cgb ev 16 02 19.12 +09 34 50.1           ~ 1 0
105 SDSS J160219.12+093450.2 G 16 02 19.12752 +09 34 50.2860           ~ 1 0
106 SDSS J160227.74+100309.0 * 16 02 27.74520 +10 03 09.0540           ~ 1 0
107 NAME PS 16fny ev 16 02 27.75 +10 03 09.1           ~ 1 0
108 SN 2009kf SN* 16 12 54.00 +55 38 13.8           SNIIP 41 1
109 SN 1998bw SN* 19 35 03.17 -52 50 46.1   14.09       SNIc 1650 2
110 SN 2016coi SN* 21 59 04.14 +18 11 10.5           SNIc 30 0
111 PTF 10vgv SN* 22 16 01.17 +40 52 03.3           SNIc 20 0
112 NAME PS 17eyl ev 22 39 02.90 +06 25 26.3           ~ 1 0
113 SDSS J223902.90+062526.7 G 22 39 02.90280 +06 25 26.6952           ~ 1 0
114 NAME PS 17eym ev 22 39 22.13 +07 16 36.4           ~ 1 0
115 SDSS J223922.20+071638.0 G 22 39 22.20672 +07 16 38.0892           ~ 1 0
116 IceCube-171106A ev 22 40 +07.4           ~ 6 0
117 NAME PS 17eyo ev 22 40 40.92 +06 26 29.6           ~ 1 0
118 SN 2006py SN* 22 41 42.04 -00 08 13.5           SNIa 28 1
119 NAME PS 17fcc ev 22 41 58.65 +07 46 53.6           ~ 1 0
120 SDSS J224158.66+074653.2 G 22 41 58.66704 +07 46 53.2812           ~ 1 0
121 NAME PS 17fem ev 22 42 19.29 +06 42 38.0           ~ 1 0
122 SDSS J224219.29+064237.5 G 22 42 19.29096 +06 42 37.5156           ~ 1 0
123 SDSS J224224.58+065502.1 ? 22 42 24.58848 +06 55 02.1792           ~ 1 0
124 NAME PS 17eyn ev 22 42 24.63 +06 55 02.7           ~ 1 0
125 NAME PS 17fcd ev 22 44 01.84 +08 13 27.6           ~ 1 0
126 SDSS J224401.85+081327.5 G 22 44 01.85304 +08 13 27.5448           ~ 1 0
127 IceCube-161210A ev ~ ~           ~ 2 0
128 IceCube-170312A ev ~ ~           ~ 2 0
129 IceCube-171015A ev ~ ~           ~ 2 0
130 IceCube-171028A ev ~ ~           ~ 2 0
131 IceCube-161103A ev ~ ~           ~ 3 0
132 IceCube-170506A ev ~ ~           ~ 2 0
133 IceCube-160806A ev ~ ~           ~ 2 0

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2020.07.14-17:59:49

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