2019A&A...627A..23E


Query : 2019A&A...627A..23E

2019A&A...627A..23E - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 627A, 23-23 (2019/7-1)

Euclid preparation. III. Galaxy cluster detection in the wide photometric survey, performance and algorithm selection.

EUCLID COLLABORATION, ADAM R., VANNIER M., MAUROGORDATO S., BIVIANO A., ADAMI C., ASCASO B., BELLAGAMBA F., BENOIST C., CAPPI A., DIAZ-SANCHEZ A., DURRET F., FARRENS S., GONZALEZ A.H., IOVINO A., LICITRA R., MATURI M., MEI S., MERSON A., MUNARI E., PELLO R., RICCI M., ROCCI P.F., RONCARELLI M., SARRON F., AMOURA Y., ANDREON S., APOSTOLAKOS N., ARNAUD M., BARDELLI S., BARTLETT J., BAUGH C.M., BORGANI S., BRODWIN M., CASTANDER F., CASTIGNANI G., CUCCIATI O., DE LUCIA G., DUBATH P., FOSALBA P., GIOCOLI C., HOEKSTRA H., MAMON G.A., MELIN J.B., MOSCARDINI L., PALTANI S., RADOVICH M., SARTORIS B., SCHULTHEIS M., SERENO M., WELLER J., BURIGANA C., CARVALHO C.S., CORCIONE L., KURKI-SUONIO H., LILJE P.B., SIRRI G., TOLEDO-MOREO R. and ZAMORANI G.

Abstract (from CDS):

Galaxy cluster counts in bins of mass and redshift have been shown to be a competitive probe to test cosmological models. This method requires an efficient blind detection of clusters from surveys with a well-known selection function and robust mass estimates, which is particularly challenging at high redshift. The Euclid wide survey will cover 15000deg2 of the sky, avoiding contamination by light from our Galaxy and our solar system in the optical and near-infrared bands, down to magnitude 24 in the H-band. The resulting data will make it possible to detect a large number of galaxy clusters spanning a wide-range of masses up to redshift ∼2 and possibly higher. This paper presents the final results of the Euclid Cluster Finder Challenge (CFC), fourth in a series of similar challenges. The objective of these challenges was to select the cluster detection algorithms that best meet the requirements of the Euclid mission. The final CFC included six independent detection algorithms, based on different techniques, such as photometric redshift tomography, optimal filtering, hierarchical approach, wavelet and friend-of-friends algorithms. These algorithms were blindly applied to a mock galaxy catalog with representative Euclid-like properties. The relative performance of the algorithms was assessed by matching the resulting detections to known clusters in the simulations down to masses of M200∼1013.25M. Several matching procedures were tested, thus making it possible to estimate the associated systematic effects on completeness to <3%. All the tested algorithms are very competitive in terms of performance, with three of them reaching >80% completeness for a mean purity of 80% down to masses of 1014M and up to redshift z=2. Based on these results, two algorithms were selected to be implemented in the Euclid pipeline, the Adaptive Matched Identifier of Clustered Objects (AMICO) code, based on matched filtering, and the PZWav code, based on an adaptive wavelet approach.

Abstract Copyright: © R. Adam et al. 2019

Journal keyword(s): methods: numerical - galaxies: clusters: general - cosmology: observations - large-scale structure of Universe

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
#notes
1 ACO 1656 ClG 12 59 44.40 +27 54 44.9           ~ 4694 2

Query : 2019A&A...627A..23E

Basic data :
ACO 1656 -- Cluster of Galaxies
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
ClG (2010A&A,ACO,...), X (2A,3A,...), C?G (2014A&A,XCLASS), GrG (RASSCALS,[N93]), gLe (2011A&A), gam (IGR,INTREF), Rad (DB)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
12 59 44.40 +27 54 44.9 (Optical) [ ] D 2020ApJS..246....2A
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
12 57 19.64 +28 10 54.4 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
056.48504 +87.99927 [ ]
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) 6933 [~] / z(spectroscopic) 0.0234 [~] / cz 7015 [~]
   (Opt) C 2016ApJ...819...63R
Syntax of angular size is : "maj-axis min-axis angle (wtype) quality bibcode"
  • maj-axis : major axis size (arc minutes)
  • min-axis : minor axis size (arc minutes)
  • angle : orientation angle (in degrees)
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the angular size (Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • quality : flag of quality of the angular size values ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the angular size reference
Angular size (arcmin):
30.0 30.0 ~ (Rad) D 2015ApJ...813...77Y
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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within arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
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Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:


Hierarchy : number of linked objects
whatever the membership probability is (see description here ) :

The count displayed here is the number of children objects.
The list obtained by clicking the button may be larger, as some children may be linked with different references or probability.

%This number is the number of distinct objets linked, by using this button, you will obtain all links (may be more than one) from that object to his children

: 3124
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The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (48) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

ACO 1656 FR 76 PLCKESZ G057.33+88.01 4U 1257+28
2A 1257+283 1H 1257+281 PSZ1 G057.84+87.98 XCLASS 1783
3A 1257+282 H 1257+283 PSZ2 G057.80+88.00 XSS J12596+2759
BAX 194.9531+27.9807 H 1256+27 PSZRX G057.30+88.00 X Com X-1
CAN 90 HMS 1257+2814 RASSCALS NRGb226 [AWK2020] 3
CID 90 IGR J12595+2755 RBS 1198 [B2017] 1599
ClG 1257.4+2815 INTREF 534 RXC J1259.7+2756 [F81] 253
DB 88 1M 1257+281 RX J1259.7+2756 [KRL2007b] 128
2E 2932 2MAXI J1259+279 1RXS J125947.9+275636 [KVC2005] 8
2E 1257.4+2812 MCXC J1259.7+2756 SWIFT J1259.7+2755 [N93] 109
1ES 1257+28.2 NAME Coma Cluster 2U 1257+28 [S85] 222
EXSS 1257.4+2815 PBC J1259.5+2756 3U 1257+28 [SPD2011] 67

References (4694 between 1850 and 2023) (Total 4694)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Collections of Measurements


velocities : 9   

   

Observing logs


herschel : 4    XMM : 18   

   


External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : ACO 1656

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

ACO 1656 2E 2932 RXC J1259.7+2756 1RXS J125947.9+275636

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2023.09.21-16:36:38

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