2019A&A...627A.139P


Query : 2019A&A...627A.139P

2019A&A...627A.139P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 627A, 139-139 (2019/7-1)

Novel method for component separation of extended sources in X-ray astronomy.

PICQUENOT A., ACERO F., BOBIN J., MAGGI P., BALLET J. and PRATT G.W.

Abstract (from CDS):

In high-energy astronomy, spectro-imaging instruments such as X-ray detectors allow investigation of the spatial and spectral properties of extended sources including galaxy clusters, galaxies, diffuse interstellar medium, supernova remnants, and pulsar wind nebulae. In these sources, each physical component possesses a different spatial and spectral signature, but the components are entangled. Extracting the intrinsic spatial and spectral information of the individual components from this data is a challenging task. Current analysis methods do not fully exploit the 2D-1D (x, y, E) nature of the data, as spatial information is considered separately from spectral information. Here we investigate the application of a blind source separation (BSS) algorithm that jointly exploits the spectral and spatial signatures of each component in order to disentangle them. We explore the capabilities of a new BSS method (the general morphological component analysis; GMCA), initially developed to extract an image of the cosmic microwave background from Planck data, in an X-ray context. The performance of the GMCA on X-ray data is tested using Monte-Carlo simulations of supernova remnant toy models designed to represent typical science cases. We find that the GMCA is able to separate highly entangled components in X-ray data even in high-contrast scenarios, and can extract the spectrum and map of each physical component with high accuracy. A modification of the algorithm is proposed in order to improve the spectral fidelity in the case of strongly overlapping spatial components, and we investigate a resampling method to derive realistic uncertainties associated to the results of the algorithm. Applying the modified algorithm to the deep Chandra observations of Cassiopeia A, we are able to produce detailed maps of the synchrotron emission at low energies (0.6-2.2keV), and of the red- and blueshifted distributions of a number of elements including Si and Fe K.

Abstract Copyright: © A. Picquenot et al. 2019

Journal keyword(s): methods: data analysis - techniques: imaging spectroscopy - ISM: supernova remnants

Simbad objects: 1

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Number of rows : 1
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 NAME Cas A SNR 23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00     14.30     ~ 2543 1

Query : 2019A&A...627A.139P

Basic data :
NAME Cas A -- SuperNova Remnant
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
X (3A,CXOU,...), Rad (BWE,3C,...), gam (1FGL,2FGL,...), SNR (2009BASI,AJG,...), SN* (SN), V* (2012A&A)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
23 23 24.000 +58 48 54.00 [ ] D 2015ApJS..217....2M
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
23 21 08.223 +58 32 25.56 [ ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
111.734751 -02.129568 [ ]
Syntax of angular size is : "maj-axis min-axis angle (wtype) quality bibcode"
  • maj-axis : major axis size (arc minutes)
  • min-axis : minor axis size (arc minutes)
  • angle : orientation angle (in degrees)
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the angular size (Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • quality : flag of quality of the angular size values ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the angular size reference
Angular size (arcmin):
5.0 5.0 90 (Rad) D 2014BASI...42...47G
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (1) :
V 14.30 [0.2] D 2012A&A...548A..79A
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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within arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
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Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:


Hierarchy : number of linked objects
whatever the membership probability is (see description here ) :

: 1 Display criteria :

The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (45) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

NAME Cas A DA 601 GAL 111.7-02.1 SWIFT J2323.3+5849
3A 2321+585 DB 123 1H 2321+585 SWIFT J2323.2+5848
AJG 109 2E 4724 H 2334+60 TeV J2323+588
BWE 2321+5832 2E 2321.1+5833 INTREF 1108 2U 2321+58
3C 461 1ES 2321+58.5 NAME Cassiopeia A 3U 2321+58
3C 461.0 1FGL J2323.4+5849 NRAO 711 4U 2321+58
4C 58.40 2FGL J2323.4+5849 PBC J2323.3+5849 W 81
8C 2321+585 3FGL J2323.4+5849 1RXS J232325.4+584838 [DGW65] 148
3CR 461 4FGL J2323.4+5849 SNR G111.7-02.1 [KRL2007b] 402
CTA 105 1FHL J2323.3+5849 SN 1671
CTB 110 2FHL J2323.4+5848 SN 1667
CXOU J232327.9+584842 3FHL J2323.4+5848 SN 1680

References (2543 between 1850 and 2022) (Total 2543)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
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Collections of Measurements


distance : 1   

   

Observing logs


herschel : 29    ISO : 98    XMM : 15   

   


External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : NAME Cas A

Link by name to the catalogue in VizieR :

BWE 2321+5832 3C 461 3C 461.0 4C 58.40 3CR 461
2E 4724 1RXS J232325.4+584838

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