Query : 2019A&A...627L...1B

2019A&A...627L...1B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 627, L1-1 (2019/7-1)

Discussing the first velocity dispersion profile of an ultra-diffuse galaxy in MOND.


Abstract (from CDS):

Using Jeans modeling, we calculated the velocity dispersion profile of the ultra-diffuse galaxy (UDG) Dragonfly 44 in MOND. For the nominal mass-to-light ratio from the literature and an isotropic profile, the agreement with the data is excellent near the center of the galaxy. However, in modified gravity, close to the cluster core, the gravitational environment should bring the galaxy back toward Newtonian behavior. The success of the isolated MOND prediction for the central velocity dispersion could then mean that the galaxy is at a great distance (≫5Mpc) from the cluster core, as hinted by the fact that nearby UDGs share similar velocities with a dispersion well below that of the cluster itself. There is, however, a 2σ tension in the outer part of the UDG due to an increase in the observed dispersion profile with respect to the flat MOND prediction. This deviation could simply be a measurement error. Other possibilities could be, for a UDG far from the cluster, a higher-than-nominal baryonic mass with a tangentially anisotropic dispersion profile or it could even be a dark baryonic halo. If the UDG is closer to the cluster core, the deviation could be a sign that it is in the process of disruption.

Abstract Copyright: © M. Bílek et al. 2019

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: individual: Dragonfly 44 - galaxies: clusters: individual: Coma cluster - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 [CVD2018] NGC1052-DF4 LSB 02 39 15.11 -08 06 58.6     16.5   16.2 ~ 85 0
2 NGC 1052 Sy2 02 41 04.79849989 -08 15 20.7519527 11.84 11.41 10.47 10.71   ~ 1302 2
3 NAME NGC 1052 Group GrG 02 41 09.3 -08 07 10           ~ 73 0
4 LEDA 3097693 LSB 02 41 46.80 -08 24 09.3     16.2   15.8 ~ 141 0
5 ACO 1656 ClG 12 59 44.40 +27 54 44.9           ~ 4816 2

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