2019A&A...629L...6T


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.30CET03:24:04

2019A&A...629L...6T - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 629, L6-6 (2019/9-1)

Gaia DR2 white dwarfs in the Hercules stream.

TORRES S., CANTERO C., CAMISASSA M.E., ANTOJA T., REBASSA-MANSERGAS A., ALTHAUS L.G., THELEMAQUE T. and CANOVAS H.

Abstract (from CDS):


Aims. We analyzed the velocity space of the thin- and thick-disk Gaia white dwarf population within 100pc by searching for signatures of the Hercules stellar stream. We aimed to identify objects belonging to the Hercules stream, and by taking advantage of white dwarf stars as reliable cosmochronometers, to derive a first age distribution.
Methods. We applied a kernel density estimation to the UV velocity space of white dwarfs. For the region where a clear overdensity of stars was found, we created a 5D space of dynamic variables. We applied a hierarchichal clustering method, HDBSCAN, to this 5D space, and identified those white dwarfs that share similar kinematic characteristics. Finally, under general assumptions and from their photometric properties, we derived an age estimate for each object.
Results. The Hercules stream was first revealed as an overdensity in the UV velocity space of the thick-disk white dwarf population. Three substreams were then found: Hercules a and Hercules b, formed by thick-disk stars with an age distribution that peaked 4Gyr in the past and extends to very old ages; and Hercules c, with a ratio of 65:35 of thin to thick stars and a more uniform age distribution that is younger than 10Gyr.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2019

Journal keyword(s): white dwarfs - Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics - solar neighborhood - methods: data analysis

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NAME Gal Center reg 17 45 40.04 -29 00 28.1           ~ 11765 0
2 NAME Galactic Bar reg ~ ~           ~ 919 0
3 NAME Hercules Stream MGr ~ ~           ~ 187 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.10.30-03:24:04

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