2020A&A...633A.102H


Query : 2020A&A...633A.102H

2020A&A...633A.102H - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 633A, 102-102 (2020/1-1)

H.E.S.S. and Fermi-LAT observations of PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 during its 2014 and 2017 periastron passages.

HESS COLLABORATION, ABDALLA H., ADAM R., AHARONIAN F., AIT BENKHALI F., ANGUNER E.O., ARAKAWA M., ARCARO C., ARMAND C., ASHKAR H., BACKES M., BARBOSA MARTINS V., BARNARD M., BECHERINI Y., BERGE D., BERNLOHR K., BLACKWELL R., BOTTCHER M., BOISSON C., BOLMONT J., BONNEFOY S., BREGEON J., BREUHAUS M., BRUN F., BRUN P., BRYAN M., BUCHELE M., BULIK T., BYLUND T., CAROFF S., CAROSI A., CASANOVA S., CERRUTI M., CHAND T., CHANDRA S., CHAVES R.C.G., CHEN A., COLAFRANCESCO S., CURYLO M., DAVIDS I.D., DEIL C., DEVIN J., DEWILT P., DIRSON L., DJANNATI-ATAI A., DMYTRIIEV A., DONATH A., DOROSHENKO V., DYKS J., EGBERTS K., EMERY G., ERNENWEIN J.-P., ESCHBACH S., FEIJEN K., FEGAN S., FIASSON A., FONTAINE G., FUNK S., FUSSLING M., GABICI S., GALLANT Y.A., GATE F., GIAVITTO G., GIUNTI L., GLAWION D., GLICENSTEIN J.F., GOTTSCHALL D., GRONDIN M.-H., HAHN J., HAUPT M., HEINZELMANN G., HENRI G., HERMANN G., HINTON J.A., HOFMANN W., HOISCHEN C., HOLCH T.L., HOLLER M., HORNS D., HUBER D., IWASAKI H., JAMROZY M., JANKOWSKY D., JANKOWSKY F., JARDIN-BLICQ A., JUNG-RICHARDT I., KASTENDIECK M.A., KATARZYNSKI K., KATSURAGAWA M., KATZ U., KHANGULYAN D., KHELIFI B., KING J., KLEPSER S., KLUZNIAK W., KOMIN N., KOSACK K., KOSTUNIN D., KRETER M., LAMANNA G., LEMIERE A., LEMOINE-GOUMARD M., LENAIN J.-P., LESER E., LEVY C., LOHSE T., LYPOVA I., MACKEY J., MAJUMDAR J., MALYSHEV D., MALYSHEV D., MARANDON V., MARCOWITH A., MARES A., MARIAUD C., MARTI-DEVESA G., MARX R., MAURIN G., MEINTJES P.J., MITCHELL A.M.W., MODERSKI R., MOHAMED M., MOHRMANN L., MOORE C., MOULIN E., MULLER J., MURACH T., NAKASHIMA S., DE NAUROIS M., NDIYAVALA H., NIEDERWANGER F., NIEMIEC J., OAKES L., O'BRIEN P., ODAKA H., OHM S., DE ONA WILHELMI E., OSTROWSKI M., OYA I., PANTER M., PARSONS R.D., PERENNES C., PETRUCCI P.-O., PEYAUD B., PIEL Q., PITA S., POIREAU V., PRIYANA NOEL A., PROKHOROV D.A., PROKOPH H., PUHLHOFER G., PUNCH M., QUIRRENBACH A., RAAB S., RAUTH R., REIMER A., REIMER O., REMY Q., RENAUD M., RIEGER F., RINCHIUSO L., ROMOLI C., ROWELL G., RUDAK B., RUIZ-VELASCO E., SAHAKIAN V., SAILER S., SAITO S., SANCHEZ D.A., SANTANGELO A., SASAKI M., SCHLICKEISER R., SCHUSSLER F., SCHULZ A., SCHUTTE H.M., SCHWANKE U., SCHWEMMER S., SEGLAR-ARROYO M., SENNIAPPAN M., SEYFFERT A.S., SHAFI N., SHININGAYAMWE K., SIMONI R., SINHA A., SOL H., SPECOVIUS A., SPIR-JACOB M., STAWARZ L., STEENKAMP R., STEGMANN C., STEPPA C., TAKAHASHI T., TAVERNIER T., TAYLOR A.M., TERRIER R., TIZIANI D., TLUCZYKONT M., TRICHARD C., TSIROU M., TSUJI N., TUFFS R., UCHIYAMA Y., VAN DER WALT D.J., VAN ELDIK C., VAN RENSBURG C., VAN SOELEN B., VASILEIADIS G., VEH J., VENTER C., VINCENT P., VINK J., VOLK H.J., VUILLAUME T., WADIASINGH Z., WAGNER S.J., WHITE R., WIERZCHOLSKA A., YANG R., YONEDA H., ZACHARIAS M., ZANIN R., ZDZIARSKI A.A., ZECH A., ZORN J., ZYWUCKA N. and BORDAS P.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 is a gamma-ray binary system consisting of a pulsar in an eccentric orbit around a bright Oe stellar-type companion star that features a dense circumstellar disc. The bright broad-band emission observed at phases close to periastron offers a unique opportunity to study particle acceleration and radiation processes in binary systems. Observations at gamma-ray energies constrain these processes through variability and spectral characterisation studies.
Aims. The high- and very-high-energy (HE, VHE) gamma-ray emission from PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 around the times of its periastron passage are characterised, in particular, at the time of the HE gamma-ray flares reported to have occurred in 2011, 2014, and 2017. Short-term and average emission characteristics of PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 are determined. Super-orbital variability is searched for in order to investigate possible cycle-to-cycle VHE flux changes due to different properties of the companion star's circumstellar disc and/or the conditions under which the HE gamma-ray flares develop.
Methods. Spectra and light curves were derived from observations conducted with the H.E.S.S-II array in 2014 and 2017. Phase-folded light curves are compared with the results obtained in 2004, 2007, and 2011. Fermi-LAT observations from 2010/11, 2014, and 2017 are analysed.
Results. A local double-peak profile with asymmetric peaks in the VHE light curve is measured, with a flux minimum at the time of periastron tp and two peaks coinciding with the times at which the neutron star crosses the companion's circumstellar disc (∼tp±16d). A high VHE gamma-ray flux is also observed at the times of the HE gamma-ray flares (∼tp+30d) and at phases before the first disc crossing (∼tp-35d). The spectral energy range now extends to below 200GeV and up to ∼45TeV.
Conclusions. PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 displays periodic flux variability at VHE gamma-rays without clear signatures of super-orbital modulation in the time span covered by the monitoring of the source with the H.E.S.S. telescopes. This flux variability is most probably caused by the changing environmental conditions, particularly at times close to periastron passage at which the neutron star is thought to cross the circumstellar disc of the companion star twice. In contrast, the photon index remains unchanged within uncertainties for about 200 d around periastron. At HE gamma-rays, PSR B1259-63/LS 2883 has now been detected also before and after periastron, close to the disc crossing times. Repetitive flares with distinct variability patterns are detected in this energy range. Such outbursts are not observed at VHEs, although a relatively high emission level is measured. The spectra obtained in both energy regimes displays a similar slope, although a common physical origin either in terms of a related particle population, emission mechanism, or emitter location is ruled out.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2020

Journal keyword(s): astroparticle physics - radiation mechanisms: non-thermal - shock waves - gamma-rays: general - binaries: general - pulsars: general

Simbad objects: 10

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Number of rows : 10
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 LS I +61 303 HXB 02 40 31.6641883136 +61 13 45.591138110 11.27 11.61 10.75 10.19 9.55 B0Ve 787 2
2 4FGL J0535.2-6736 HXB 05 36 00.01 -67 35 07.5           ~ 30 0
3 HD 259440 HXB 06 32 59.2566624297 +05 48 01.162565528 9.17 9.58 9.12     B0pe 196 0
4 HESS J1018-589 gam 10 18 -58.9           ~ 21 0
5 PSR J1301-6305 Psr 13 01 45.76 -63 05 33.9           ~ 108 2
6 CPD-63 2495 HXB 13 02 47.6541729594 -63 50 08.625922862 10.34 10.72 9.98 10.03   O9.5Ve 707 0
7 QSO B1553+113 BLL 15 55 43.0439413597 +11 11 24.365587666 14.91 14.72 14.57 13.99   ~ 452 1
8 V* V479 Sct HXB 18 26 15.0561532140 -14 50 54.249464136 12.02 12.23 11.27 11.04   ON6V((f))z 516 2
9 TeV J2032+4130 gam 20 32.1 +41 34           ~ 125 0
10 QSO B2155-304 BLL 21 58 52.0651817803 -30 13 32.120657891   13.36 13.09 12.62   ~ 1621 1

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2021.10.27-07:49:36

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