2020A&A...639A..61K


Query : 2020A&A...639A..61K

2020A&A...639A..61K - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 639A, 61-61 (2020/7-1)

Gas and dust cooling along the major axis of M 33 (HerM33es). Herschel/PACS [C II] and [O I] observations.

KRAMER C., NIKOLA T., ANDERL S., BERTOLDI F., BOQUIEN M., BRAINE J., BUCHBENDER C., COMBES F., HENKEL C., HERMELO I., ISRAEL F., RELANO M., ROLLIG M., SCHUSTER K., TABATABAEI F., VAN DER TAK F., VERLEY S., VAN DER WERF P., WIEDNER M. and XILOURIS E.M.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context. M 33 is a gas rich spiral galaxy of the Local Group.Its vicinity allows us to study its interstellar medium (ISM) on linear scales corresponding to the sizes of individual giant molecular clouds.
Aims. We investigate the relationship between the two major gas cooling lines and the total infrared (TIR) dust continuum.
Methods. We mapped the emission of gas and dust in M 33 using the far-infrared lines of [CII] and [OI](63 µm) and the total infrared continuum. The line maps were observed with the PACS spectrometer on board the Herschel Space Observatory. These maps have 50pc resolution and form a ∼370pc wide stripe along its major axis covering the sites of bright HII regions, but also more quiescent arm and inter-arm regions from the southern arm at 2kpc galacto-centric distance to the south out to 5.7kpc distance to the north. Full-galaxy maps of the continuum emission at 24µm from Spitzer/MIPS, and at 70µm, 100µm, and 160 µm from Herschel/PACS were combined to obtain a map of the TIR.
Results. TIR and [CII] intensities are correlated over more than two orders of magnitude. The range of TIR translates to a range of far ultraviolet (FUV) emission of G_0, obs_ ∼2 to 200 in units of the average Galactic radiation field. The binned [CII]/TIR ratio drops with rising TIR, with large, but decreasing scatter. The contribution of the cold neutral medium to the [CII] emission, as estimated from VLA HI data, is on average only 10%. Fits of modified black bodies to the continuum emission were used to estimate dust mass surface densities and total gas column densities. A correction for possible foreground absorption by cold gas was applied to the [OI] data before comparing it with models of photon dominated regions. Most of the ratios of [CII]/[OI] and ([CII]+[OI])/TIR are consistent with two model solutions. The median ratios are consistent with one solution at n∼2x102cm–3, G0∼60, and a second low-FUV solution at n∼104cm–3, G0∼1.5.
Conclusions. The bulk of the gas along the lines-of-sight is represented by a low-density, high-FUV phase with low beam filling factors ∼1. A fraction of the gas may, however, be represented by the second solution.

Abstract Copyright: © C. Kramer et al. 2020

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: ISM - galaxies: individual: M 33 - infrared: galaxies - infrared: ISM

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/639/A61): list.dat fits/*>

Simbad objects: 15

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Number of rows : 15
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2022
#notes
1 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11931 1
2 NGC 595 HII 01 33 33.53 +30 41 29.8           ~ 198 0
3 M 33 GiG 01 33 50.8965749232 +30 39 36.630403128 6.17 6.27 5.72     ~ 5538 1
4 IC 142 HII 01 33 55.1 +30 45 22   11.30 14.2     ~ 39 0
5 BCLMP 302 HII 01 34 06.85 +30 47 27.6     14.4     ~ 29 0
6 BCLMP 691 HII 01 34 16.64 +30 51 53.7 14.80 14.63 14.66 14.76 14.76 ~ 30 0
7 NGC 604 HII 01 34 32.1 +30 47 01           ~ 572 0
8 M 74 G 01 36 41.7451236624 +15 47 01.107512304 10.52 10.00 9.46 9.16   ~ 1582 1
9 NGC 891 H2G 02 22 32.907 +42 20 53.95 11.08 10.81 9.93 7.86   ~ 1597 2
10 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 16242 1
11 NGC 3180 GiG 10 18 16.985 +41 25 27.77   10.4       ~ 681 0
12 NAME Centaurus A Sy2 13 25 27.6039817176 -43 01 09.493008456   8.18 6.84 6.66   ~ 4281 3
13 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 4113 4
14 NGC 6946 H2G 20 34 52.332 +60 09 13.24   10.5       ~ 2390 2
15 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 7764 0

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2022.09.24-19:12:28

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