2020A&A...640L..13P


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.10.24CEST09:41:52

2020A&A...640L..13P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 640, L13-13 (2020/8-1)

Detection of vibrationally excited HC7N and HC9N in IRC +10216.

PARDO J.R., BERMUDEZ C., CABEZAS C., AGUNDEZ M., GALLEGO J.D., FONFRIA J.P., VELILLA-PRIETO L., QUINTANA-LACACI G., TERCERO B., GUELIN M. and CERNICHARO J.

Abstract (from CDS):

Observations of IRC +10216 with the Yebes 40 m telescope between 31 and 50 GHz have revealed more than 150 unidentified lines. Some of them can be grouped into a new series of 26 doublets, harmonically related with integer quantum numbers ranging from Jup=54 to 80. The separation of the doublets increases systematically with J, that is to say, as expected for a linear species in one of its bending modes. The rotational parameters resulting from the fit to these data are B=290.8844±0.0004MHz, D=0.88±0.04Hz, and q=0.1463±0.0001MHz. The rotational constant is very close to that of the ground state of HC9N. Our ab initio calculations show an excellent agreement between these parameters and those predicted for the lowest energy vibrationally excited state, ν19=1, of HC9N. This is the first detection, and complete characterization in space, of vibrationally excited HC9N. An energy of 41.5cm–1 is estimated for the ν19 state. In addition, 17 doublets of HC7N in the ν15=1 state, for which laboratory spectroscopy is available, were detected for the first time in IRC +10216. Several doublets of HC5N in its ν11=1 state were also observed. The column density ratio between the ground and the lowest excited vibrational states are ≃127, 9.5, and 1.5 for HC5N, HC7N, and HC9N, respectively. We find that these lowest-lying vibrational states are most probably populated via infrared pumping to vibrationally excited states lying at ≃600cm–1. The lowest vibrationally excited states thus need to be taken into account to precisely determine absolute abundances and abundance ratios for long carbon chains. The abundance ratios N(HC5N)/N(HC7N) and N(HC7N)/N(HC9N) are 2.4 and 7.7, respectively.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2020

Journal keyword(s): molecular data - line: identification - stars: carbon - circumstellar matter - stars: individual: IRC +10216 - astrochemistry

Simbad objects: 3

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Number of rows : 3

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 RAFGL 618 pA* 04 42 53.6245215366 +36 06 53.397219192   16.32   12.59   C-rich 960 0
2 V* R Leo Mi* 09 47 33.4839808805 +11 25 43.823283729 9.22 8.94 7.53 3.39 0.12 M7-9e 879 1
3 IRC +10216 C* 09 47 57.40632 +13 16 43.5648     10.96     C9,5e 2156 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2020.10.24-09:41:52

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