C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.12.05CET01:17:00

2020A&A...641A..87R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 641A, 87-87 (2020/9-1)

Tracing bulk elemental ratios in exoplanetary atmospheres with TiO chemistry.


Abstract (from CDS):

Deciphering the bulk elemental abundances of exoplanetary atmospheres is not an easy task, yet it is crucial to understanding the formation history of planets. The purpose of this work is to show that the observability of TiO features at optical wavelengths in the transmission spectra of hot Jupiter atmospheres is sensitive to the bulk chemical properties of the atmosphere. To this end, we ran a grid of chemical models, which include TiO formation and destruction, for the ultra-hot Jupiter WASP-19b and an ultra-hot version of HD 209458b. We take into account non-equilibrium chemistry and changes in the temperature and pressure structure of these atmospheres caused by different C/O ratios. We calculated synthetic transmission spectra for these models, and studied the relative strengths of TiO and H2O features quantitatively. To compare with observations, we used a model-independent metric for molecular abundances, ΔZTiO–H2O/Heq, which has previously been used in observational studies of exoplanetary atmospheres. We find that with this metric we can differentiate between different chemical models and place constraints on the bulk carbon and oxygen abundances of the atmosphere. From chemical considerations, we expected the TiO abundance to depend on the bulk nitrogen. However, we find that changes in N/H do not result in changes in the resulting TiO. We applied our method to a set of known exoplanets that have been observed in the relevant optical wavelengths and find good agreement between low-resolution observations and our model for WASP-121b, marginally good agreement with WASP-79b, WASP-76b, and WASP-19b, and poorer agreement with HD 209458b. Our method will be particularly helpful for indirect studies of the bulk abundances of carbon and oxygen.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2020

Journal keyword(s): planets and satellites: atmospheres - astrochemistry - planets and satellites: composition - planets and satellites: gaseous planets

Simbad objects: 7

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Number of rows : 7

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 HD 10069b Pl 01 37 25.0335097438 -45 40 40.376513381           ~ 235 1
2 BD+01 316b Pl 01 46 31.8576707085 +02 42 02.033178181           ~ 57 0
3 CD-30 1812b Pl 04 25 29.0168304676 -30 36 01.610961515           ~ 47 1
4 CD-38 3220b Pl 07 10 24.0606039387 -39 05 50.570553937           ~ 120 0
5 WASP-19b Pl 09 53 40.0764883458 -45 39 33.055979403           ~ 271 1
6 BD-01 3943b Pl 20 18 09.3209296034 -01 04 32.610392746           ~ 17 0
7 HD 209458b Pl 22 03 10.7729598762 +18 53 03.548248479           ~ 1520 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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