C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.11.28CET21:51:49

2020A&A...641A.128R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 641A, 128-128 (2020/9-1)

Dynamical signatures of Rossby vortices in cavity-hosting disks.


Abstract (from CDS):

Context. Planets are formed amidst young circumstellar disks of gas and dust. The latter is traced by thermal radiation, where strong asymmetric clumps have been observed in a handful of cases. These dust traps could be key to understanding the early stages of planet formation, when solids grow from micron-size to planetesimals.
Aims. Vortices are among the few known asymmetric dust trapping scenarios. The present work aims to predict their characteristics in a complementary observable. Namely, line-of-sight velocities are well suited to trace the presence of a vortex. Moreover, the dynamics of disks is subject to recent developments.
Methods. Two-dimensional hydro simulations were performed in which a vortex forms at the edge of a gas-depleted region. We derived idealized line-of-sight velocity maps, varying disk temperature and orientation relative to the observer. The signal of interest, as a small perturbation to the dominant axisymmetric component in velocity, may be isolated in observational data using a proxy for the dominant quasi-Keplerian velocity. We propose that the velocity curve on the observational major axis be such a proxy.
Results. Applying our method to the disk around HD 142527 as a study case, we predict that line-of-sight velocities are barely detectable by currently available facilities, depending on disk temperature. We show that corresponding spirals patterns can also be detected with similar spectral resolutions, which will help to test against alternative explanations.

Abstract Copyright: © C. M. T. Robert et al. 2020

Journal keyword(s): hydrodynamics - instabilities - planets and satellites: formation - protoplanetary disks

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 CPD-36 6759 Y*O 15 15 48.4459023859 -37 09 16.026315179   9.21 8.708     F8V 366 1
2 HD 142527 Ae* 15 56 41.8888096574 -42 19 23.245384377   9.04 8.34     F6III 486 1
3 EM* SR 21A TT* 16 27 10.2776332501 -24 19 12.620553212   16.08 14.10     G1 239 1
4 IRAS 16245-2423 TT* 16 27 37.1911764648 -24 30 35.031583716       16.66 14.67 B5-F2 238 0
5 Haro 1-16 Or* 16 31 33.4638378966 -24 27 37.158295501   14.02 12.80     K3e 182 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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