2020A&A...642A..96P


Query : 2020A&A...642A..96P

2020A&A...642A..96P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 642A, 96-96 (2020/10-1)

A search for millimeter emission from the coldest and closest brown dwarf with ALMA.

PETRY D. and IVANOV V.D.

Abstract (from CDS):


Context.WISE J085510.83-071442.5 (W0855) is a unique object: with Teff≃250K it is the coldest known brown dwarf (BD), located at only ≃2.2pc form the Sun. It is extremely faint, which makes any astronomical observations difficult. However, at least one remotely similar ultra-low-mass object, the M9 dwarf TVLM 513-46546, has been shown to be a steady radio emitter at frequencies up to 95GHz with superimposed active states where strong, pulsed emission is observed.
Aims. Our goal is to determine the millimeter radio properties of W0855 with deep observations around 93GHz (3.2mm) in order to investigate whether radio astrometry of this object is feasible and to measure or set an upper limit on its magnetic field.
Methods. We observed W0855 for 94 min at 85.1-100.9GHz on 24 December 2019 using 44 of the Atacama Large millimeter Array (ALMA) 12 m antennas. We used the standard ALMA calibration procedure and created the final image for our analysis by accommodating the Quasar 3C 209, the brightest nearby object by far. Furthermore, we created a light curve with a 30 s time resolution to search for pulsed emission.
Results. Our observations achieve a noise RMS of 7.3µJy/beam for steady emission and of 88µJy for 30 s pulses in the aggregated bandwidth (Stokes I). There is no evidence for steady or pulsed emission from the object at the time of the observation. We derive 3σ upper limits of 21.9µJy on the steady emission and of 264µJy on the pulsed emission of W0855 between 85 GHz and 101 GHz.
Conclusions. Together with the recent non-detection of W0855 at 4-8GHz, our constraints on the steady and pulsed emission from W0855 confirm that the object is neither radio-loud nor magnetospherically particularly active.

Abstract Copyright: © ESO 2020

Journal keyword(s): stars: evolution - brown dwarfs - stars: individual: WISE J085510.83-071442.5 - stars: magnetic field

Simbad objects: 6

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Number of rows : 6
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 LP 944-20 LM* 03 39 35.2525168530 -35 25 43.628465433     18.69 16.39 13.288 M9.5Ve 269 0
2 QSO B0723-007 BLL 07 25 50.63996171 -00 54 56.5441985   17.39 16.57 15.82   ~ 228 1
3 ICRF J084756.7-070316 BLL 08 47 56.7375245971 -07 03 16.907829788     16.40 15.35   ~ 60 0
4 3C 209 Bla 08 55 09.5 -07 15 03   18       ~ 33 1
5 WISEA J085510.74-071442.5 BD* 08 55 10.83168 -07 14 42.5256           Y2 70 0
6 TVLM 513-46 LM* 15 01 08.1871800643 +22 50 02.120480463   21.4 15.09 18.0   M8.5V 149 0

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2021.10.20-00:51:57

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