Query : 2020A&A...643A..66B

2020A&A...643A..66B - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 643A, 66-66 (2020/11-1)

The eccentricity distribution of giant planets and their relation to super-Earths in the pebble accretion scenario.


Abstract (from CDS):

Observations of the population of cold Jupiter planets (r >1 AU) show that nearly all of these planets orbit their host star on eccentric orbits. For planets up to a few Jupiter masses, eccentric orbits are thought to be the outcome of planet-planet scattering events taking place after gas dispersal. We simulated the growth of planets via pebble and gas accretion as well as the migration of multiple planetary embryos in their gas disc. We then followed the long-term dynamical evolution of our formed planetary system up to 100 Myr after gas disc dispersal. We investigated the importance of the initial number of protoplanetary embryos and different damping rates of eccentricity and inclination during the gas phase for the final configuration of our planetary systems. We constrained our model by comparing the final dynamical structure of our simulated planetary systems to that of observed exoplanet systems. Our results show that the initial number of planetary embryos has only a minor impact on the final orbital eccentricity distribution of the giant planets, as long as the damping of eccentricity and inclination is efficient. If the damping is inefficient (slow), systems with a larger initial number of embryos harbour larger average eccentricities. In addition, for slow damping rates, we observe that scattering events are already common during the gas disc phase and that the giant planets that formed in these simulations match the observed giant planet eccentricity distribution best. These simulations also show that massive giant planets (above Jupiter mass) on eccentric orbits are less likely to host inner super-Earths as they get lost during the scattering phase, while systems with less massive giant planets on nearly circular orbits should harbour systems of inner super-Earths. Finally, our simulations predict that giant planets are not single, on average, but they live in multi-planet systems.

Abstract Copyright: © B. Bitsch et al. 2020

Journal keyword(s): accretion, accretion disks - planets and satellites: formation - protoplanetary disks - planet-disk interactions

Simbad objects: 5

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Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2023
1 HD 34445 PM* 05 17 40.9803494808 +07 21 12.053055060   7.97 7.33     G0 91 1
2 CD-40 8434 TT* 14 08 10.1545500744 -41 23 52.573291080   13.42 12.18 11.71 10.506 K7IVe 294 0
3 HD 125612 PM* 14 20 53.5176649416 -17 28 53.489705520   8.93 8.32     G3V 120 1
4 * mu. Ara PM* 17 44 08.7031414872 -51 50 02.591603160   5.85 5.15     G3IV-V 519 2
5 HD 219828 * 23 18 46.7341555224 +18 38 44.619358200   8.68 8.01     G0IV 110 1

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